Iyar (Hebrew: אִייָר or אִיָּר, Standard ʾĪyyar Tiberian ʾĪyyār; from Akkadian: 𒌗𒄞 itiayari "rosette; blossom") is the eighth month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the second month of the Jewish religious year (which starts on 1 Nisan) on the Hebrew calendar. The name is Babylonian in origin. It is a month of 29 days. Iyar usually falls in April–May on the Gregorian calendar.

Iyar
Lag BaOmer bonfire.jpg
A bonfire in Israel on Lag BaOmer celebrated on the 18th of Iyar
Native nameאִייָר  (Hebrew)
CalendarHebrew calendar
Month number2
Number of days29
SeasonSpring (Northern Hemisphere)
Gregorian equivalentApril–May
Significant days
← Nisan
Sivan →

In the Hebrew Bible, before the Babylonian captivity, the month was called Ziv (1 Kings 6:1, 6:37). Ziv is a Hebrew word that means "light" or "glow".

Along with all other current, post-biblical Jewish month names, Iyar was adopted during the Babylonian captivity. In the Babylonian calendar its name was Araḫ Āru, which can be interpreted as "month of blossoming".[1]

Holidays in IyarEdit

Jewish holidaysEdit

  • 14 IyarPesach Sheni
  • 18 IyarLag BaOmer
  • Fast of Behav – see Cheshvan. It is observed on the Monday, Thursday, and Monday after the first Sabbath after Rosh Chodesh Iyar. Unlike in Cheshvan, the Eastern and Western Ashkenazic rites observe it at the same time.

Israeli holidaysEdit

Iyar in Jewish historyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Muss-Arnolt, W., [www.jstor.org/stable/3259081 The Names of the Assyro-Babylonian Months and Their Regents], Journal of Biblical Literature Vol. 11, No. 1 (1892), pp. 72–94 [78], accessed 10 Aug. 2020
  2. ^ Eli The High Priest, Chabad org
  3. ^ The Twenty Eighth of Iyar

External linksEdit