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Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah

Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah (1895 – 24 November 1965) (Arabic: عبد الله الثالث السالم الصباح‎الشيخ الشيخ) was the eleventh ruler of Kuwait, the first Emir of the State of Kuwait, and Commander-in-chief of Kuwait Military Forces from 29 January 1950 until his death. He was the eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah. As the eleventh ruler of the Al Sabah dynasty in Kuwait, he took power after the death of his cousin Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He also ruled as regent upon the death of his father until the election of Sheikh Ahmad. The anniversary of his coronation, 25 February, serves as Kuwait's national day.[1]

Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
Shaikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah.jpg
Reign29 January 1950 – 24 November 1965
Coronation25 February 1950
PredecessorAhmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
SuccessorSabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Born1895
Died24 November 1965(1965-11-24) (aged 69–70)
FatherSalim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
MotherSheikha Mariam bint Jarrah Al-Sabah

Unlike his predecessors, Abdullah III was more pro-Arab than pro-British. He effectively ended the British "protectorate" status of Kuwait by signing a treaty with the British on 19 June 1961. He is regarded as the founder of modern Kuwait. He introduced the Constitution of Kuwait in 1962, followed by the Parliament in 1963.[2]

DeathEdit

Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim died two years later after suffering from a heart attack and was succeeded by his half-brother, Sheikh Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah. He was also the father of Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who ruled briefly in January 2006,[3] Sheikh Khalid Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, and Sheikh Ali Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who is a governor.

Titles:

  • 1895–1938: Sheikh Abdullah bin Salim Al-Sabah
  • 1938–1950: Abdullah bin Salim Al-Sabah, CIE
  • 1950–1952: His Highness Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, CIE
  • 1952–1956: His Highness Sheikh Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, KCMG, CIE
  • 1956–1959: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, KCMG, CIE, KStJ
  • 1959–1961: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies, GCMG, CIE, KStJ
  • 1961–1965: His Highness Sir Abdullah III bin Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, GCMG, CIE, KStJ

Honours and awardsEdit

Kuwait National HonoursEdit

  •   Sovereign Grand Master of the Order of National Defense
  •   Sovereign Grand Master of the Military Duty Order

Foreign HonoursEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National and liberation days". Kuwait Times. 2015-02-26. Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  2. ^ The Royal Ark
  3. ^ The Royal Ark, ibid.
Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Born: 1895 Died: 24 November 1965
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Himself, as Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies
Emir of Kuwait
1961–1965
Succeeded by
Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Preceded by
Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Sheikh of Kuwait
1950–1961
Succeeded by
Himself, as Emir of Kuwait