Kargil Vijay Diwas

Kargil Vijay Diwas (Hindi: कारगिल विजय दिवस, lit. Kargil Victory Day) is commemorated every 26 July in India, to observe India's victory over Pakistan in the Kargil War for ousting Pakistani Forces from their occupied positions on the mountain tops of Northern Kargil District in Ladakh in 1999. Initially, the Pakistani army denied their involvement in the war, claiming that it was caused by Kashmiri militants forces. However documents left behind by casualties, testimony of POWs and later statements by the Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif and Pakistan Army Chief of Army Staff Pervez Musharraf showed the involvement of Pakistani paramilitary forces, led by General Ashraf Rashid.[1][2]

Kargil Vijay Diwas
Kargil War Memorial, Operation Vijay.jpg
Observed byIndia
SignificanceVictory and end of the Kargil War
Date26 July
FrequencyAnnual

Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year in honour of the Kargil War's Heroes. This day is celebrated all over India and in national capital, New Delhi, where the Prime Minister of India pays homage to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate every year.[3] Functions are also organized all over the country to commemorate the contributions of the Indian Armed Forces.[4][5]

HistoryEdit

 
About Operation Vijay at Kargil War Memorial Dras.

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, there had been a long period of relatively few direct armed conflicts involving the military forces of the two neighbours – not withstanding the efforts of both nations to control the Siachen Glacier by establishing military outposts on the surrounding mountains ridges and the resulting military skirmishes in the 1980s. During the 1990s, however, escalating tension and conflict due to separatist activities in Kashmir, as well as the conducting of nuclear tests by both countries in 1998, led to an increasingly belligerent atmosphere.[6]

In an attempt to defuse the situation, both countries signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999, promising to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict. During the winter of 1998–1999, some elements of the Pakistani Armed Forces were covertly training and sending Pakistani troops and paramilitary forces, into territory on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC).[7] The infiltration was code named "Operation Badri". The aim of the Pakistani incursion was to sever the link between Kashmir and Ladakh and cause Indian forces to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier, thus forcing India to negotiate a settlement of the broader Kashmir dispute. Pakistan also believed that any tension in the region would internationalize the Kashmir issue, helping it to secure a speedy resolution. Yet another goal may have been to boost the morale of the decade-long rebellion in Indian State of Kashmir by taking a proactive role.[8]

Initially, with little knowledge of the nature or extent of the infiltration, the Indian troops in the area assumed that the infiltrators were jihadis and declared that they would evict them within a few days. Subsequent discovery of infiltration elsewhere along the LOC, along with the difference in tactics employed by the infiltrators, caused the Indian army to realize that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale. The total area seized by the ingress is generally accepted to between 130 km2 – 200 km2. The Government of India responded with Operation Vijay, a mobilization of 200,000 Indian troops. The war came to an official end on July 26, 1999, with the eviction of Pakistan Army troops from their occupied positions, thus marking it as Kargil Vijay Diwas. 527 soldiers from the Indian Armed Forces lost their lives during the war.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Pak commander blows the lid on Islamabad's Kargil plot - Indian Express". archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 2020-07-27.
  2. ^ "Sharif admits he 'let down' Vajpayee on Kargil conflict". The Hindu. 2007-09-10. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2020-07-27.
  3. ^ "Kargil Vijay Diwas : Nation pays homage to brave martyrs". Patrika Group (25 July 2014). Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  4. ^ City to observe Kargil Vijay Diwas today Archived 2009-08-01 at the Wayback Machine Allahabad, The Times of India, TNN July 25, 2009.
  5. ^ Ahuja, B.N.; Saxena, Paresh (1 January 2006). Pitambar's Handbook of General Knowledge. Pitambar Publishing. p. 33. ISBN 978-81-209-0516-0. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  6. ^ Jul 26, TIMESOFINDIA COM /; 2020; Ist, 10:29. "Kargil Diwas: 'Kargil Vijay Diwas symbol of India's valour and steadfast leadership': Key points | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2020-07-26.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ "Kargil Vijay Diwas Is a Testimony of Valour & Sacrifice of Indian Soldiers". S A NEWS. 2021-07-26. Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  8. ^ "Kargil Vijay Diwas 2021: India to honour fallen heroes, 559 lamps lit in Ladakh". Hindustan Times. 2021-07-26. Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  9. ^ Vijay Diwas Archived 2009-09-30 at the Wayback Machine The Hindu, July 27, 2009.