Children's Day

Children's Day is a commemorative date celebrated annually in honor of children, whose date of observance varies by country. In 1925, International Children's Day was first proclaimed in Geneva during the World Conference on Child Welfare. Since 1950, it is celebrated on 1 June in most Communist and post-Communist countries.[1] World Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1959.[2]

World Children's Day
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1958 Russian stamp commemorating Children's Day
Official nameWorld Children's Day
Also calledUniversal Children's Day
Observed byInternational (UN)
TypeCultural, commercial
Beginssdf
Date20 November
FrequencyAnnual
Related toInternational Children's Day, Siblings Day, International Men's Day, International Women's Day, Father's Day, Mother's Day, Parents' Day

HistoryEdit

 
Children's Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2011

OriginsEdit

Children's Day began on the second Sunday of June in 1857 by Reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsen named Children's Day.[3][4][5]

Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1920 with the set date of 23 April. Children's Day has bee day for the children. However, it was decided that an official confirmation was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official declaration was made nationally in 1929 by the founder and the President of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.[6][7][8]

Global AdoptionEdit

International Children's Day was first proclaimed in Geneva during the World Conference on Child Welfare in 1925. On 4 November 1949, 1 June was established as the International Day for Protection of Children by the Women's International Democratic Federation in Moscow.[9] Since 1950, 1 June is celebrated as Children's Day in many Communist and post-Communist countries.

In 1954, Children's Day was proclaimed by the United Kingdom to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children. That is observed to promote the objectives outlined in the Charter and for the welfare of children. On 20 November 1959, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.[10] World Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1959.[2]

Recent InitiativesEdit

In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals outlined by world leaders to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Albeit this applies to all people, the primary objective is concerning children.[10] UNICEF is dedicated to meeting the six of eight goals that apply to the needs of children so that they are all entitled to fundamental rights written in the 1989 international human rights treaty.[11] UNICEF delivers vaccines, works with policymakers for good health care and education and works exclusively to help children and protect their rights.[11]

In September 2012, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations led the initiative for the education of children.[12] He firstly wants every child to be able to attend school, a goal by 2015.[12] Secondly, to improve the skill set acquired in these schools.[12] Finally, implementing policies regarding education to promote peace, respect, and environmental concern.[12] Universal Children's Day is not just a day to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the globe that have experienced violence in forms of abuse, exploitation, and discrimination. Children are used as laborers in some countries, immersed in armed conflict, living on the streets, suffering by differences be it religion, minority issues, or disabilities.[13] Children feeling the effects of war can be displaced because of the armed conflict and may suffer physical and psychological trauma.[14] The following violations are described in the term "children and armed conflict": recruitment and child soldiers, killing/maiming of children, abduction of children, attacks on schools/hospitals and not allowing humanitarian access to children.[14] Currently, there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labor.[15] The International Labour Organization in 1999 adopted the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour including slavery, child prostitution, and child pornography.[15]

A summary of the rights under the convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the UNICEF website.[16]

Canada co-chaired the World Summit for children in 1990, and in 2002 the United Nations reaffirmed the commitment to complete the agenda of the 1990 World Summit. This added to the UN Secretary-General's report We the Children: End-of Decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children.[17]

The United Nations children's agency released a study[18] referencing the population increase of children will make up 90 percent of the next billion people.[19]

Dates around the worldEdit

The officially recognized date of Children's Day varies from country to country.

Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June in former Soviet Union states (including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) as well as other former or current communist states (Albania, Angola, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ethiopia, East Germany, Kosovo, Laos, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Mainland China, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Tanzania, Vietnam and Yemen, and to the lesser extent in Israel due to the migration of its Soviet Jewish population). This includes 25 countries which regained independence from USSR, seceded from Yugoslavia Federation, as well as Czechoslovakia and Ethiopia after their respective splits.[20]

World Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1959.[2]

This section lists some significant examples, in order of date of observance.

Gregorian calendar
Occurrence Dates Countries and regions

First Friday of January[21]

Jan 4, 2019

Jan 3, 2020
Jan 1, 2021

  Bahamas

11 January

  Tunisia

Second Saturday of January

Jan 12, 2019
Jan 11, 2020
Jan 9, 2021

  Thailand

Second Sunday of February

Feb 10, 2019
Feb 9, 2020
Feb 14, 2021

  Cook Islands
  Nauru
  Niue
  Tokelau
  Cayman Islands

13 February

  Myanmar

First Sunday of March

March 3, 2019
March 1, 2020
March 7, 2021

  New Zealand

17 March

  Bangladesh

21 March   Libya[22]

4 April

4 April Children's Day [zh]

  Taiwan
  Hong Kong

5 April

  Palestine

12 April

  Bolivia
  Haiti

Last Saturday of April[23]

Apr 27, 2019
Apr 25, 2020
Apr 24, 2021

  Colombia

23 April

National Sovereignty and Children's Day

  Turkey

30 April

  Mexico

5 May

5 May

  South Korea
  Japan

Second Sunday of May

May 12, 2019
May 10, 2020
May 9, 2021

  Spain
  United Kingdom

10 May

  Maldives

17 May

  Norway

27 May

  Nigeria

Last Sunday of May

May 26, 2019
May 31, 2020
May 30, 2021

  Hungary

Ascension Day

May 30, 2019
May 21, 2020
May 13, 2021

  American Samoa
  Falkland Islands
  Solomon Islands

1 June

  Albania
  Algeria
  Angola
  Armenia
  Azerbaijan
  Belarus
  Benin
  Bulgaria
  Bosnia and Herzegovina

  People's Republic of China
  Cambodia
  Czechia
  East Timor
  Ecuador
  Estonia
  Ethiopia
  Georgia
  Germany

  Guinea-Bissau
  Kazakhstan
  Kosovo
  Kyrgyzstan
  Laos
  Latvia
  Lebanon
  Lithuania
  Macau

  Moldova
  Mongolia
  Montenegro
  Mozambique
  Myanmar
  Nicaragua
  North Korea
  North Macedonia
  Poland

  Portugal
  Romania
  Russia
  São Tomé and Príncipe
  Serbia
  Slovakia
  Slovenia

  Tajikistan
  Tanzania
  Turkmenistan
  Ukraine
  Uzbekistan
  Vietnam
  Yemen

Second Sunday of June

Jun 9, 2019
Jun 14, 2020
Jun 13, 2021

  United States

25 June 25 June 2012

20 Oct 2013

19 Oct 2014

19 Oct 15~17

  Syria

1 July

  Pakistan

Third Sunday of July

Jul 21, 2019
Jul 19, 2020
Jul 18, 2021

  Cuba
  Panama
  Venezuela

23 July[24]

  Indonesia

29 July

  Colombia

First Sunday of August

Aug 4, 2019
Aug 2, 2020
Aug 1, 2021

  Uruguay[citation needed]

16 August

  Paraguay

Third Sunday of August

Aug 18, 2019
Aug 16, 2020
Aug 15, 2021

  Argentina
  Peru

9 September

  Costa Rica

10 September

  Honduras

Bhadra 29

14 Sept
15 Sept(leap year)

    Nepal

20 September

  Austria

  Germany

25 September   Netherlands (Oosterhout)

1 October

  El Salvador
  Guatemala
  Sri Lanka

First Friday of October

Oct 4, 2019
Oct 9
Oct 1, 2021

  Singapore

First Wednesday of October (Children's Day recognition and assignation)
Second Sunday of August (Children's Day observance)

Oct 2, 2019
Oct 7, 2020
Oct 6, 2021

  Chile

15th day of 8th lunar month 13 September 2019

1 October 2020
21 September 2021

  Vietnam
8 October   Iran

12 October

  Brazil

Fourth Saturday of October

Oct 26, 2019
Oct 24, 2020
Oct 23, 2021

  Malaysia

Fourth Wednesday of October

Oct 18 - Oct 27, 2019
Oct 16 – Oct 25, 2020
Oct 15 - Oct 24, 2021
Celebrated as National Children's Week

  Australia (See: https://web.archive.org/web/20170525024213/http://www.childrensweek.org.au/)

First Saturday of November

Nov 2, 2019
Nov 7, 2020
Nov 6, 2021

  South Africa

11 November

  Croatia

14 November[25]

  India

20 November

  Arab World
  Azerbaijan
  Canada[26]
  Croatia

 Cyprus

 Denmark
  Egypt
  Ethiopia
  Finland


  France
  Greece
  Ireland
  Israel

  Italy[27]

  Kenya
  Malaysia
  Netherlands
  North Macedonia

  Philippines
  Serbia
  Slovenia
  South Africa
  Spain

  Trinidad and Tobago
  Sweden
   Switzerland
  United Arab Emirates
  Zambia

5 December

  Suriname

23 December

  South Sudan
  Sudan

25 December

  Congo
  Congo DR
  Cameroon
  Equatorial Guinea

  Gabon
  Chad
  Central African Republic

List by countryEdit

AfricaEdit

CameroonEdit

In Cameroon, Children's Day was established as a holiday in 1990.

Central AfricaEdit

In Congo, Congo DR, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Chad, Central African Republic, Children's Day is celebrated on 25 December to honor all the children there.

EgyptEdit

In Egypt, Children's Day is celebrated every 20 November with festivals and games for children, but not in every city like Cairo, Alexandria, etc.

EritreaEdit

In Eritrea, Children's Day is celebrated on 8 December.

LiberiaEdit

In Liberia, Children's day was established as a holiday in 1991.

MozambiqueEdit

In Mozambique, the International Children's Day is also celebrated on 1 June.[28]

NigeriaEdit

Children's Day is celebrated on 27 May in Nigeria. It was established as a holiday in 1964. It is a public holiday for Primary and Secondary school children. Due to the large size of the country, only a few groups of children (schools or other organizations) are selected to march past in a parade. The children are usually given treats such as an outing or doing jobs that adults would normally do. In some situations, primary and secondary school children compete in military parades format for a prize which will be given at the end of the competition. Religious groups in Nigeria also celebrate children's day in grand style. Many private and public organizations usually put together children's party for privileged and less privileged children in a bid to give them a sense of belonging. It is also a day media organizations analyze the plight of children in the society and efforts government and nongovernment agencies make to better a lot of children.

South AfricaEdit

In South Africa, Children's Day is on the first Saturday of November.[29]

National Children's Day (South Africa)Edit

This event has been celebrated each year from 2004 until 2009 in Eldorado Park, Johannesburg, South Africa. It was done by an organization called Child Evangelism Fellowship. During this period there was growth in this community and no one knew about children being on drugs. In 2013 the Organization called Articulating Life started celebrating National Children's day with just over 300 children. This number increased to more than 1700 in 2019. After 2009 there was an increase in drug use by children of a young age. Since the National Children's Day has been faithfully celebrated again in this community the use of drugs among children who come to these celebrations has declined.

Children in Eldorado Park and its surrounding areas like Soweto, Ennerdale, Westbury Slovo Park, Freedom Park, Mandela's Square Sqauttercamp, and Klipstruit-West are invited each year. They receive a meal of vet cake and mince or a hotdog roll with juice and water. They eat as much as possible. This is a day where the children are reminded that they are valuable and loved by their community and GOD. It is a day that they are reminded that they are children and that they should play and behave like children.

There are all kinds of activities and games in which the children participate. There are jumping castles, horse riding, face painting, a petting zoo, arts and crafts, a talent show, workshops teaching the children about recycling, human rights, children's rights, and responsibilities, planting and so much more. All this is for free! No one pays for anything and nothing is sold on the day at the event. This is a wonderful day and children are looking forward to it each year.

The organizers with the help of countless organizations, churches, parents, and pensioners would like to see this event take place in every area of South Africa and around the world!

[30]

Articulating LifeEdit

Covid 19 brought about a change in the celebrations of National Children's Day in 2020. The organization with its partners is working on giving out gift vouchers to the value of R200.00 each, to at least 5000 children. This will be done throughout the month of November 2020 as the gift voucher will be delivered to the homes of the children. These vouchers cover Stationery, Toys, Luxuries, Toiletries, and Clothes.

South SudanEdit

In South Sudan, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 December, the birthday of South Sudan's "greatest child" according to tribal mythology.

SudanEdit

In Sudan, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 December.

TunisiaEdit

Children's Day in Tunisia is celebrated on 11 January every year. It was established as a holiday in 1995. It is a day in which Tunisians observe the rights of children and remind themselves that children are the future builders and developers of the country and the world.

ZimbabweEdit

Children's Day was established as a holiday in Zimbabwe in 1991 (Day of the African Child).

AsiaEdit

ArmeniaEdit

In Armenia, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

AzerbaijanEdit

In Azerbaijan, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

BangladeshEdit

Since 2009, JAAGO Foundation has been celebrating International Children's Day (বিশ্ব শিশু দিবস) throughout Bangladesh by engaging youth and creating awareness about children's right on 20 November which is the declared Universal Children's Day by United Nation. After this movement gained a lot of attraction, Bangladesh started celebrating, Children's Day on 17 March on the birthday of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

CambodiaEdit

In Cambodia, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.[31]

Mainland ChinaEdit

Children's Day (PRC)
Simplified Chinese六一国际儿童节
Traditional Chinese六一國際兒童節

In the People's Republic of China, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June and is formally known as "the June 1 International Children's Day". When the People's Republic of China was first established in 1949, the State Council (Cabinet) designated a half-day holiday for all primary schools on 1 June. This was later made into a full day's break in 1956 with The Announcement by the State Council to make 1 June Children's Day a One-Day Holiday. Schools usually hold activities such as children's performances, camping trips, or free movies on Children's Day or the day before to allow students to have fun. Children of civil servants might also receive small gifts from the government until they are fourteen, and Civil servants who have children sometimes have a half-day holiday on 1 June to spend more time with their children. Entrance and set out ceremonies of the Young Pioneers of China are usually held on 1 June as well. The entrance of children under 14 into the Forbidden City is free on 1 June, while each accompanying adult gets 50% off.[32]

Hong KongEdit

Children's Day (Chinese: 兒童節; Jyutping: ji4 tung4 zit3) is celebrated on 4 April.

IndonesiaEdit

In Indonesia, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 July. It was established as a holiday in 1984.[24]

IndiaEdit

Children's Day is celebrated across India to increase awareness of the rights, care and education of children. It is celebrated on 14 November every year as a tribute to India's First Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.[33] Fondly known as Chacha Nehru among children, he advocated for children to have fulfilled education. On this day, many educational and motivational programs are held across India, by and for children.[34]

JapanEdit

Japan's Children's Day (こどもの日, kodomo no hi) is celebrated on 5 May, a National Holiday since 1948, to celebrate the happiness of all children and to express gratitude toward mothers. There is a long tradition, from the 8th century, to celebrate children's day twice a year; 3 March for girls and on 5 May for boys. On 3 March, also known as the Doll Festival, Japanese people decorate their households with traditional Heian Period doll sets and plum blossom, and drink Amazake. On 5 May, also known as 端午の節句 (tango-no sekku), they fly carp streamers outside, display Samurai dolls, and eat Kashiwa mochi and chimaki.

There were some who argued in 1948 that 3 March should also be a National Holiday.[citation needed]

KazakhstanEdit

The International Children's Day is celebrated annually on 1 June and is established as a national holiday for children. Over 3 million children across Kazakhstan celebrate the holiday with special children's events.[citation needed]

North KoreaEdit

 
International Children's Day in Taesongsan Funfair, North Korea, 1 June 2019

North Korean Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June as the International Children's Day (국제 아동절). Before 1945, it was celebrated on 1 May. There is also a day called 조선소년단창립절 (Korean Children's Union Day) on 6 June.

South KoreaEdit

 
Children's day in Seoul, South Korea, 5 May 1954

In Republic of Korea (South Korea), 5 May is officially recognized as Children's Day (어린이날). Parents often give presents to their children, as well as spend time with them. The children are taken on excursions to zoos, museums, and various venues of children-oriented entertainment.

Children's Day was first conceived by innovative Korean students and social leaders on the basis of the 1 March Movement to achieve Korean independence from Japanese colonialism. From Jinju, many people gathered to promote and improve the social status of children and encourage adults to teach awareness of their deprived sovereignty. In 1923,[35] several groups of students studying in Tokyo agreed to designate 1 May as Children's Day. A predominant intellectual figure, Bang Jeong-hwan, greatly contributed to the popularization of the holiday. Because it overlapped with Laborer's Day, Children's Day was moved to 5 May. Bang Jeong-hwan first coined the modern Korean word for children, eorini (어린이), replacing the previous words aenom (애놈) and esaekki (애새끼).[36] Until 1939, Japanese authorities based in Seoul oppressed the movement to stop Korean social activists congregating for the festival. After independence in 1945, the movement to respect children was revived. The children's welfare law written in the constitution officially designated 5 May as Children's Day in 1961. And by 'the law of holiday of government office', Children's day became a holiday in Korea in 1970.[37]

LaosEdit

In Laos, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

MalaysiaEdit

It is held traditionally on 1 October. Nowadays it is also celebrated on 20 November (following International Children's Day).

MaldivesEdit

 
Children's Day celebration in Kendhoo, Maldives

In Maldives, Children's Day (Kudakudhinge Dhuvas) is celebrated on 10 May. On this day all the school children go to school to the event to celebrate Children's Day. The schools that are involved would also organize numerous activities for their pupils.

MauritiusEdit

In Mauritius, Children's Day was established in 1991, as the International Day of the African Child.

MongoliaEdit

In Mongolia, the International Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. It is also known as "Эх үрсийн баяр". In 1 June every child receives presents, gifts and much more. There are also festivals, sales and sweets.[citation needed]

MyanmarEdit

In Myanmar, Children's Day is celebrated on 13 February.

In 1954, the United Nations established Universal Children's Day dedicated to improving children's welfare worldwide. It is celebrated annually on 20 November. Besides, many countries have their own national holidays to celebrate children. For example, Children's Day in Myanmar (former Burma) is celebrated on 13 February.

The date of Myanmar's Children's Day coincides with the birthday of Aung San, a Burmese revolutionary, politician and general who is considered the Father of the Nation in present-day Myanmar. He fought for Burma's independence from Japan and the United Kingdom. It was decided to celebrate Aung San's birthday as Children's Day because "he fought for a better future for Burmese children".

In the late 1980s, a military dictatorship was established in Myanmar. Naturally, the military government didn't encourage the celebration of Aung San's birthday and, by extension, Children's Day.

The situation began to change after the 2011–2012 democratic reforms. Today, Children's Day is officially celebrated in schools across Myanmar.

On 13 February, Burmese schools host special events for students. Their main goal is to emphasize the importance of education for the future of Burmese children, as well as to raise awareness of the problems that children and their parents face on a daily basis.

(This is a direct copy of the original).[38]

NepalEdit

In Nepal, Children's Day (बाल दिवस) is celebrated on Bhadra 29 according to the Nepali Calendar (August–September) after signing the child rights agreement with the UN. Earlier during the Shah Rule, Nepal used to observe Children's day on Bhadra 4 on the birthday of H.M. Queen Mother Ratna Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah. It is celebrated by conducting various programme on various institutions around Nepal. It was established as a holiday in 1990.

PakistanEdit

In Pakistan, the National Assembly on 16 December 2015 passed a unanimous resolution expressing grief and sadness over the martyrdom of more than 150 students and teachers of Army Public School Peshawar on 16 December 2014. The NA recommended that 16 December should be observed as Pakistan Children Day in memory of the martyrs.[39]

Earlier Children's Day was celebrated on 1 July. In Punjab the Child Rights Cell of Department of Social Welfare Punjab collaborates with UNICEF to celebrate this day. Whereas, The NGO, Voice of Children Islamabad, also celebrates Children's day and arranges activities for children and parents on that day. The EPO and SFB also celebrate Children's day and arrange fun and interactive sessions for children and parents.

For Children's Day, there are many festivals and events organized by schools and organizations, that focus on having fun and lively activities that kids and their families can enjoy. Most charitable organizations also partake in the festivities, by holding functions or partnering with bigger organizations. Thus, everyone joins in to make this day a memorable event each year in Pakistan.[citation needed]

PalestineEdit

Children day (Arabic: يوم الطفل الفلسطيني) is celebrated in the State of Palestine on 5 April.[40][41][42][43]

On 5 April 1995, at the First Palestinian Child Conference, the late President Yasser Arafat declared his commitment to the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, and declared 5 April a day for the Palestinian child; Since that date, the Palestinian people commemorate this day every year, in all its official institutions, and in partnership with civil and international institutions dealing with childhood in Palestine, by organizing many recreational, cultural, educational, sports and media activities and activities to support the children of Palestine.

According to a report by the Palestinian Prisoners' Club, Israeli authorities have arrested 745 Palestinian terrorists under the age of 18 from the beginning of 2019 to the end of October 2019. The Prisoners Club said in a report on the eve of the International Children's Day 2019, which falls on 20 November each year, that approximately (200) children continue to be detained by the occupation authorities in the detention centers "Megiddo, Ofer and Damon", in addition to a number of other children held in private centers in Jerusalem. The Prisoners' Club pointed to a series of actions carried out by the Israeli occupation authorities against violent youths during their arrest process, which starts from the first moment of their arrest and taken from their homes late at night. They are under pressure and threats, sentencing in absentia, and imposing financial penalties and fines. According to the report, punishments against the violent youths during their detention include depriving them from completing their studies, in addition to depriving some of them from family visits.

PhilippinesEdit

In the Philippines, Republic Act No. 10661 declares the month of November as Children's Month in commemoration of the adoption of the convention on the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1989.[44]

SingaporeEdit

Traditionally, 1 October is the day which Singapore officially celebrates Children's Day. A similar event celebrated every year is Youth Day, which is celebrated on the first Sunday of July every year, which is a school holiday for primary, secondary and junior college students. In Kindergarten and primary school children in Singapore do not have to attend school on this day. From 2011, Children's Day was celebrated on the first Friday of October.It is usually celebrated by singing a Children's Day song called Semoga Bahagia (May you achieve happiness) in Malay composed by Mr Zubir Said, also composer of their national anthem Majulah Singapura, followed by a performance by their teachers and presents given by their teachers on the day before Children's Day and the day itself is a School Holiday. Secondary school/ middle school students still need to go to school on this day but teachers often organise special events and activities so older children could still celebrate. Children's Day in Singapore is also celebrated not only to celebrate childhood but also to remind them of issues faced by children around the world.[citation needed]

Sri LankaEdit

In Sri Lanka, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 October, which they call in Sinhala as 'Loka Lama Dinaya' In this day many schools and orphanage homes celebrate by giving gifts to children .

TaiwanEdit

Children's Day
Traditional Chinese婦女節、兒童節合併假期

Taiwan designated 4 April as Children's Day (Chinese:兒童節; pinyin: Értóng Jié), pursuant to Article 5 of the Order to Implement Commemoration Days and Holidays.[45] The holiday dates back to 1931 and since then schools often hold special activities to celebrate the occasion. Because of pressure from parents demanding to accompany their children in the celebration, Taiwan celebrated Women's Day together with Children's Day on 4 April 1991. Since then, 4 April has been known as "The Combined Holidays of Women's Day and Children's Day" (Chinese: 婦女節). It has been a public holiday of Taiwan since 2011.[46]

The Executive Yuan stipulated in Article 5 of the "Memorial Day and Festival Implementation Measures" that on 4 April, Children's Day, relevant organs, groups, and schools held celebration activities [2]. A one-day holiday was merged with Women's Day from 1991 to 1997 (formally known as "Women's Day, Children's Day Merger Holiday"). After 1998, the holiday was canceled and it was incorporated into the week of holiday. In 1998, two days before the rest of the week, the children of elementary and junior high school students had a day off. Since 2011, it has returned to the national holiday and the country has a holiday for one day. In 2012, if the law is revised again, if it meets the same day as the Ching Ming Festival, it will be on 3 April of the previous day, and if it is on Thursday, it will be on the following day.

ThailandEdit

 
Children's Day 2012 at the Chiang Mai Royal Thai Air Force base

Thailand National Children's Day (Thai: วันเด็กแห่งชาติ) is celebrated on the second Saturday in January. Known as "Wan Dek" in Thailand, Children's Day is celebrated to give children the opportunity to have fun and to create awareness about their significant role in the development of the country. It was established as a holiday in 1955.

Usually, His Majesty the King gives advice addressing the children while the Supreme Monarch Patriarch of Thailand gives moral teaching. The Prime Minister also usually gives each Children's Day a theme and a slogan.[47]

Many Government offices are open to children and their family; this includes the Government House, the Parliament House Complex and various Military installations. These events may include a guided tour and an exhibition. A notable example is the guided tour at the Government House, where children have an opportunity to view the Prime Minister's office and sit at the bureau. The Royal Thai Air Force usually invites children to go and explore the aircraft and the Bangkok Bank distributes stationeries, such as pens, pencils, and books to every child that enters the bank as a community service. Many organizations from both the government and commercial sectors have celebration activities for children. Children can enter zoos or ride buses for free.

There is a Thai saying that states, "Children are the future of the nation, if the children are intelligent, the country will be prosperous."


TurkeyEdit

 
"The Holiday of National Sovereignty and Children" (Turkey), celebrated in Germany, in 2011

The Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established on 1920, 23 April, and to commemorate the event, 23 April was proclaimed a national holiday in 1921. Since 1927[48] it has also become Children's Day (Turkish: Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı, literally "The Holiday of National Sovereignty and Children"), an official holiday dedicated to the children of Turkey and (from 1979 on) the world.

In addition to holding many domestic celebratory events such as stadium performances, Turkey also houses TRT International 23 April Children's Festival, where groups of children from other countries are invited to participate in the festivities while staying at Turkish families' homes.

QatarEdit

Qatar marked its first Qatar Children's day on 15 March 2018 & it coincides with the date on which the Wudeema law (Child protection law) was issued.[49] Qatar also celebrates Universal Children's day on 20 November.[50]

UzbekistanEdit

In Uzbekistan, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.[51]

VietnamEdit

 
Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam

In Vietnam, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June as ICD and on the full moon of the 8th lunar month during the Mid-Autumn Festival.

EuropeEdit

AlbaniaEdit

Children's day in Albania is celebrated on 1 June.

Bosnia and HerzegovinaEdit

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Children's Day was established as a holiday in 1993.

BulgariaEdit

In Bulgaria, Children's day (Ден на детето) is celebrated on 1 June.[52] Traditionally kids receive very special attention from their family, including Birthday-like presents. In the past, all drivers were expected to drive with their lights on all day long to demonstrate extra vigilance over children's safety. Now it is compulsory to drive with the lights on every day of the year.

CroatiaEdit

In Croatia, Children's Day is celebrated on 11 November.

Czech RepublicEdit

In Czech Republic, Children's Day (Mezinárodní den dětí) is celebrated on 1 June.

DenmarkEdit

In Denmark, Children's Day is known as Børnenes Dag and is celebrated on 20 November.[53]

FinlandEdit

In Finland, Children's Day is known as Day of Children's Rights and is celebrated on 20 November.

GermanyEdit

In Germany, during the Cold War, Children's Day (Kindertag) was handled quite differently in West Germany and East Germany. While East Germany (GDR) celebrated International Children's Day (Internationaler Kindertag) on 1 June, West Germany (FRG) celebrated Universal Children's Day (Weltkindertag) on 20 September.

The customs of Children's Day was also significantly different in West and East Germany. In East Germany, the holiday was introduced in 1950 and was then held on a yearly basis for the children. On this day of the year, children would typically be congratulated and would receive presents from their parents and did special activities in school, such as field trips and the like.

After the reunification of East and West Germany occurred in 1990, Universal Children's Day has become official for whole Germany. This, however, was not accepted by large parts of the East German population. Most parents still celebrate Children's Day on the former date of 1 June, and public events pertaining to Children's Day take place on 20 September (Weltkindertag).[54][55]

GreeceEdit

In Greece, Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November. It was established on 11 December 1946 when Unicef was founded.

HungaryEdit

Children's Week began in Hungary in 1931. Since 1950 it has been reduced to Children's Day, taking place on the last Sunday in May.[56]

IrelandEdit

In Ireland, Universal Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November.[57][58][59]

ItalyEdit

In Italy, Children's day (in Italy usually referred to as "Giornata nazionale dei diritti dell'infanzia e dell'adolescenza", i.e. "National day for childhood and adolescence rights") is celebrated on 20 November every year, since it was established in 1997 due to law no. 451.[27][60]

MoldovaEdit

In Moldova, International Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. From 2016, the day has been declared a public holiday.[citation needed]

NorwayEdit

 
Children's Day in Norway, in 1911

Children's Day in Norway is held on 17 May, the same day as Norwegian Constitution Day, with many children's parades simultaneously celebrating both events and thereby emphasizing the importance of children in Norwegian society.

PolandEdit

 
Children's Day at Arlekin Theatre, Łódź, 2015

In Poland, Children's Day (Dzień Dziecka) is celebrated on 1 June. The International Children's Day was introduced in Poland in 1952. It coincides with the beginning of meteorological summer and it is usually treated as a special day, free from lessons, as it takes place near the end of the school year. Schools usually organize special activities for the pupils to celebrate the day, and during the first week of June, is a time of festivities organized in parks and entertainment centers for children.

Portugal and some former coloniesEdit

In Portugal (and also at some of its former Asiatic and African colonies such as Guinea-Bissau, Macau, Cape Verde, East Timor, Angola, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe), Children's Day (Dia da Criança) is celebrated on 1 June.

RomaniaEdit

In Romania, Children's Day (Romanian: "Ziua Copilului") is celebrated on 1 June. Children often receive presents from parents and other family members. Various events are also organized.

On 1 June 2012, International Children's Day was celebrated by the Romanian Government at the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.[61] Almost 100 children in attendance received a Minister of Children diploma celebrating with parents and grandparents.[61]

According to the Law 220/2016, starting with 2017, Children's Day is officially a public holiday.

RussiaEdit

 
Children of Vladivostok, Russian Federation celebrating the International Children's Day
 
Participants compete at the baby crawling contest held in Volgograd ahead of International Children's Day, 2011.

In Russia, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. It was established as a holiday in 1949.

SerbiaEdit

In Serbia Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November, since 1989.[62]

SlovakiaEdit

In Slovakia, the day is called International Children's Day (Medzinárodný deň detí) and is celebrated on 1 June. Children get free entrance to some attractions like zoos[citation needed].

SpainEdit

In Spain, this date is celebrated on the 2nd Sunday of May, and it is called "Día del niño".

SwedenEdit

In Sweden, Children's Day is celebrated on the first Monday of October. It was Gustav Rosén who is credited with starting a Children's Day in Umeå in northern Sweden in 1905.[63]

SwitzerlandEdit

In Switzerland, Children's day was established as a holiday on 20 November 1925.

UkraineEdit

 
Children's Day in Donetsk, in 2013

Day of Children's Protection (Children's Day) (Ukrainian: День захисту дітей, Den zakhystu ditey, literally "day of children's protection") is celebrated on 1 June. In Ukraine Children's Day is set in accordance with the presidential decree of Ukraine from 30 May 1998 No. 568/98.[64]

United KingdomEdit

Children's Day was established in the United Kingdom in 1954 by the United Nations General Assembly, so as to create "a day of worldwide fraternity and understanding between children".[65] However, Children's Day in the UK is not celebrated on the United Nation's nominated date of 20 November. "National Children's Day" is celebrated in the summer instead to allow children the chance to go outside on the day they are celebrated. In 2020, it was celebrated on Sunday 17 May.[66]

North AmericaEdit

CanadaEdit

National Child Day has been proclaimed across Canada since 1993 to commemorate the United Nations' adoption of two documents centered on children's rights: the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child on 20 November 1959, and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on 20 November 1989.[67] The "Child Day Act" outlines human rights to which children, under the age of 18, are entitled by law. This Act promotes awareness and teaches children that they have rights, like adults do, under the law.[67] The date of celebration is 20 November.[67]

Costa RicaEdit

In Costa Rica, Children's Day is celebrated on 9 September.

CubaEdit

In Cuba, Children's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of July.

GuatemalaEdit

In Guatemala, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 October. It was established as a holiday around 1990.

HaitiEdit

In Haiti, Children's Day is celebrated on 12 June.[68]

HondurasEdit

In Honduras, Children's Day is celebrated on 10 September.

MexicoEdit

In Mexico, Children's Day ("Día Del Niño") is celebrated on 30 April. On this day teachers in schools organize the day for their children, including games, music, and sharing food. Often children make and break piñatas. In some schools, lessons are suspended for the day. Some families also have a day out with their children. There are special activities for children in parks and sports centers. Sometimes children are given presents by their families.

The first Children's Day was celebrated in Tantoyuca, Veracruz on 8 May (year unknown), but in 1925 President Álvaro Obregón changed it after the country joined the Geneva Conventions and looking after the wellness of the vulnerable children affected by World War I. Later, the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child was adopted on 26 November 1924 by the League of Nations recognizing that children are the most affected by war events.[69]

United Nations recommended 20 November to celebrate Children's Day throughout the world, but that day coincides with Revolution Day (Mexico). Also, 30 April was selected to avoid 1 May (Labor Day) and the celebrations of Cinco de Mayo (The Day of the Battle of Puebla).[69]

NicaraguaEdit

In Nicaragua the International Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

PanamaEdit

In Panama, Children's Day or Kid's Day was formerly held on 1 November, but was changed by Vivian Fernandez de Torrijos, the wife of President Martin Torrijos (2004–2009), to the third Sunday of July.[70]

United StatesEdit

Children's Day observations in the United States predate both Mother's and Father's Day, though a permanent annual single Children's Day observation is not made at the national level. National Children's Day is generally celebrated on June or October,[71] but other days are celebrated as well.

National Children/Child's DayEdit

National Children's Day was celebrated on the second Sunday of October under the Bush and Clinton administration since 8 October 1989.[72][73][74][75][76][77][78][79][80] The only exception was in 1993 when it switched to 21 November.[81]

In 2001, the Republican controlled Congress declared that National Child's Day is to be celebrated on the first Sunday of June,[82] which the Bush administration followed[83][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91] except in 2002, when it was postponed to the second Sunday of June.[92] The Obama administration continued to celebrate "National Child’s Day" but switched the date to 20 Nov, which does not always fall on a Sunday.[93][94][95][96][97][98][99][100] An exception was made in 2009, when it was celebrated on Sunday 22 Nov.[101]

Celebrations in AprilEdit

In 1996, author Pat Mora, after learning about the annual Mexican tradition of celebrating 30 April as El día del niño, the Day of the Child, proposed an annual celebration in the U.S. of El día de los niños, El día de los libros/Children's Day, Book Day, thus honoring children and connecting them to literacy, essential in a democracy. Assistance starting this community-based, family literacy initiative was provided by REFORMA, the National Association to Promote Library & Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish Speaking. Often known as Día, because it is both a daily commitment and an annual April celebration, Children's Day, Book Day, has grown to link all children to books, languages, and cultures. A major partner is the Association for Library Services to Children (ALSC), a division of the American Library Association (ALA). Every year, across the country, hundreds of libraries, schools, and community organizations, etc. hold culminating April Children's Day, Book Day celebrations that unite communities, creating an annual tradition much like Mother's Day and Father's Day.

On 23 April 2011, Executive of King County, WA declared 23 April as the International Children's Day.[102]

Children's Day celebrations of Turkish Community in California lead to the State of California recognizing the last Saturday of April as the Children's Day.[103]

Second Sunday in JuneEdit

In 1856, Rev. Charles H. Leonard, D.D., then pastor of the First Universalist Church of Chelsea, Mass., set apart a Sunday for the dedication of children to the Christian life, and for the re-dedication of parents and guardians to bringing-up their children in Christian nurture. This service was first observed the second Sunday in June.[104] The Universalist Convention at Baltimore in September 1867, passed a resolution commending churches to set apart one Sunday in each year as Children's Day.[105] The Methodist Episcopal Church at the Methodist Conference of 1868 recommended that second Sunday in June be annually observed as Children's Day.[105] The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in 1883 designated "the second Sabbath in June as Children's Day."[106] Also in 1883, the National Council of Congregational Churches and nearly all the state bodies of that denomination in the United States passed resolutions commending the observance of the day. About this time many other denominations adopted similar recommendations.[107]

Chase's Calendar of Events cites Children's Sunday and notes that The Commonwealth of Massachusetts issues an annual proclamation for the second Sunday in June.[108] Since 2009, Illinois Governor Pat Quinn has issued proclamations proclaiming the second Sunday in June as Children's Day as had the previous governor in 2007 and 2008. The mayors of Aurora and Batavia, Illinois, also have issued proclamations.[109] Numerous churches and denominations currently observe the second Sunday in June including the African Methodist Episcopal Church, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, and the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church.

South AmericaEdit

ArgentinaEdit

Children's day (in Spanish "Día del Niño") in Argentina it's been historically celebrated on the second Sunday of August but in 2013 it changed to the third as the second interfered with the country's primary elections. It's usual for kids to get toys and other gift from their parents/families and people usually gather and share meals together. It's been celebrated on this date continuously since the 60's but it earned meaning in 1990 when around the same date the country adopted the "Children Rights Convention" under the law N° 23.849.

BoliviaEdit

Children's day in Bolivia was first established in 1954. Google made a Google Doodle celebrating this holiday on 13 April 2019. Although the holiday is celebrated on 12 April, not the 13th.

BrazilEdit

In Brazil, Children's Day (In Portuguese: Dia das Crianças) is celebrated on 12 October, coinciding with Our Lady of Aparecida's day, the country's Patron Saint holiday. In Brazil, Children's Day is celebrated by kids receiving presents from their parents.

ChileEdit

In Chile, Children's Day is officially recognized and assigned to the first Wednesday of October. However, it is observed on the second Sunday of August.[110] It retains none of the international flavors as a day to recognize the needs of or rights of children but is observed merely as a commercial holiday dedicated to buying toys for children.

ColombiaEdit

In Colombia, Children's Day is celebrated on the last Saturday of April. It was established as a holiday in 2001.

EcuadorEdit

In Ecuador, Children's Day (Día del Niño) is celebrated on 1 June. Generally, kids up to 12 years old receive presents.

 
Children's day (Día del Niño) in Ecuador

ParaguayEdit

In Paraguay, Children's Day is celebrated on 16 August, day of the Battle of Acosta Ñu, where it is said that 20,000 men from the Triple Alliance were awaited by a Paraguayan force made up of 3,500 children ages six to fifteen, ordered to hold the Alliance forces while the president Solano Lopez could escape. Even though Paraguay had been already completely defeated, it is said that Lopez forced them to stay and face the enemy, others sources claim that the children volunteered to fight against the Allied forces after their families had been killed by the advancing allied forces (see more in Paraguayan War). Children's Day is a national holiday, used to remember the event, which happened during the five-year war.[citation needed]

PeruEdit

According to Peruvian law in Peru, Children's Day (Día del Niño Peruano (Ley Nº 27666) , literally Peruvian Child's Day (Law Nº 27666)) is celebrated every second Sunday of April.[111] There is a second celebration every third Sunday of August promoted as the "International Children's Day". On this day of the year, Peruvian children would typically be congratulated and would receive presents from their parents. Since it is celebrated on Sunday, all special activities in school, such as field trips and the like are done the previous Friday. All major stores offer special discounts on toys, appliances, electronics, clothes, etc.

SurinameEdit

In Suriname, Children's Day or Kinderdag [nl] is celebrated on 5 December. Generally, children up to 12 years old receive presents from their parents.

Trinidad and TobagoEdit

International Men's Day on 19 November and celebrates Children's Day on 20 November in Trinidad and Tobago.[112]

TuvaluEdit

The first Monday in August is National Children's Day in Tuvalu. This public holiday is called in Tuvalu Aso Tamaliki.

UruguayEdit

Children's Day in Uruguay is the second Sunday in August. 6 January is Epiphany (Reyes), also celebrated as Children's day.[113]

VenezuelaEdit

In Venezuela, Children's Day is celebrated the third Sunday of July.

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

Children's Week is an annual event celebrated in Australia during the fourth week in October, from the Saturday before Universal Children's Day to the following Sunday. It was established as a holiday in 1954. Until 1977 Child Care Week was held in various Australian states and territories focusing on children in care or those in institutions. It was held at different times. In 1984 it was decided to coordinate a national week to include all children.[114]

New ZealandEdit

In New Zealand, Children's Day is typically celebrated on the first Sunday in March. It honors children as a taonga (Maori for treasure), and is a day family can relax and share in activities to honor their children. In 2012, the focus was on peace and aroha (Maori for 'love'). New Zealand has high rates of child abuse and family violence. The Government of New Zealand has recognized this as one of the most important issues for New Zealanders, with an event such as Children's Day helping to focus on the practice of sharing, loving and caring as well as honoring tamariki (Maori for 'children').[citation needed]

VanuatuEdit

In Vanuatu, Children's Day is celebrated on 24 July. The two main themes of the holiday are "Stop violence against children" and "Give a child the chance to express their opinion today". After the march, there are speeches and activities organized by schools, including a dance. Then, after midday, children return home to spend time with their parents for the rest of the day. Children's Day is a public holiday, set up following a recommendation of the committee on the Rights of the Child. A group of people in the United Nations monitor and protect children's rights. A committee, with both adult and child members, organizes activities. In the past, a committee of adults has chosen the theme – but in the future children may help choose it.

Children's Day originally took place only in the capital of Vanuatu, but it has now been extended to all 6 provinces. Schools, churches, local governments of the provinces and other local organizations all organize activities. Save the Children supports one Children's Day activity in each province, selecting it from the many requests they receive for support. In 2008, one of the activities supported by Save the Children was a sports day between many different schools.

Parents and caretakers have been supportive of Children's Day activities. Many parents come to activities with children. In one province, children and parents from five different schools came together for a shared lunch. Some parents give their children presents for Children's Day – however, Save the Children try to spread the message that it doesn't matter if a parent can't afford to buy their child a present, as the real aim of Children's Day is for parents and children to spend the day together, and work together to reconcile their problems.

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SourcesEdit

  • Douglas, George William. Children's Day 2019: History and significance. p. 355.

External linksEdit