Youth Day

Youth Day is a holiday dedicated to the youths of a country. It is observed by 18 countries, on many dates throughout the year. The United Nations agreed on the date of 12 August in 1999.[1]

Youth Day in Donetsk, Ukraine

International Youth DayEdit

International Youth Day is an international observance on August 12 officially recognized by the United Nations.The UN General Assembly agreed on this date in 1999.[1]

Country wide listEdit

Here is a list of all of the countries that observe this holiday and when they do.

No Country Date
1 Albania December 8
2 Angola April 14
3 Azerbaijan February 2
4 Brazil March 21
5 Cameroon February 11
6 Cape Verde[2] June 1
7 China May 4
8 India January 12
9 Kiribati First Monday in August
10 Morocco August 21
11 Pakistan March 11
12 Paraguay September 21
13 Singapore July 8
14 South Africa June 16
15 Taiwan July 8 – December 25
16 Thailand September 20
17 Tunisia March 21
18 Turkey May 19
19 Ukraine June 24
20 Venezuela February 12
21 Yugoslavia May 25
22 Zambia March 12
23 International Youth Day August 12
24 World Youth Day

AngolaEdit

On April 14, Angola observes Youth Day in memory of Hoji-ya-Henda, who was killed on that day during the Portuguese Colonial War.[1] Archived 22 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine [2] [3]

CameroonEdit

National Youth Day is a national holiday in Cameroon on February 11. Nation

Greater ChinaEdit

Mainland ChinaEdit

Youth Day (青年节) in the People's Republic of China is on May 4. It was established in December 1949 by the Government Administration Council [4] to commemorate the beginning of the May Fourth Movement.

TaiwanEdit

Youth Day (青年節) in the Republic of China (Taiwan) has been celebrated on March 29[3] since 1954. It commemorates the Huanghuagang Uprising of 1911, during which 72 young revolutionaries sacrificed their lives to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. The Uprising took place on April 27 (the 29th day of the 3rd month in Chinese Calendar), 1911 and is subsequently known as 3.29 Guangzhou Uprising. This event also marked the last unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Qing before the Wuchang Uprising overturned millennia of dynastic rule in China to establish the Republic of China.

Originally, Youth Day was celebrated on May 4 to commemorate the patriotic May Fourth Movement in 1919, in which many young intellectuals protested against imperialists. Since the establishment of Youth Day on March 29, May 4 has been known as Literary Day (文藝節) in Taiwan, as the May Fourth Movement is part of a broader New Culture Movement.

IndiaEdit

Youth Day in India is celebrated on 12 January on the birthday of Swami Vivekananda.

In 1984, the Government of India declared and decided to observe the Birthday of Swami Vivekananda (12 January, according to the English calendar) as National Youth Day every year from 1985 onwards. To quote from the Government of India's Communication, ‘It was felt that the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for the Indian Youth.’

Swami Vivekananda's Birthday, according to Indian Almanac (Vishuddha Siddhanta Almanac) is on Pausha Krishna Saptami tithi, which falls on different English Calendar dates every year. This is observed in various centres of Ramakrishna Math and Mission in a traditional Hindu manner which includes mangalarati, special worship, homa (fire-ritual), meditation, devotional songs, religious discourses, sandhyarati (versper service in the evenings), and so on.

The National Youth Day is observed all over India at schools and colleges with processions, speeches, recitations, music, youth conventions, seminars, Yogasana presentation, competitions in essay-writing, recitations, speeches, music, sports, and other programs on 12 January every year dunce.

IranEdit

Youth Day is celebrated in Iran on 11th Shaban (Hijri Ghamari) on the birthday of Hazrat e Alie Akbar (first son of Imam Hossein). After Iran revolution in 1979 the Muslim government endeavored to replace most of the national days with religious events.

KiribatiEdit

Youth Day is celebrated on the first Monday of August in Kiribati.

MoroccoEdit

Youth Day is a public holiday in Morocco on August 21, the birthday of the reigning monarch, Mohammed VI of Morocco.

NigeriaEdit

President Muhammadu Buhari established National Youth Day in 2020 to find solutions to the issues that affect young people. It is held on November 1.[4]

PakistanEdit

Youth Day is celebrated on March 11 in Pakistan.

ParaguayEdit

Youth and Spring Day (Día de la Primavera y la Juventud) is celebrated on September 21 in Paraguay, which marks the start of the spring season.

SingaporeEdit

Youth Day is celebrated on first Sunday of July every year in Singapore. The next day will normally be a scheduled school holiday. (Original date: 4 July)

South AfricaEdit

Youth Day on 16 June is a public holiday in South Africa and commemorates a protest which resulted in a wave of protests across the country known as the Soweto uprising of 1976.[5] It came in response to multiple issues with the Bantu Education Act and the government edict in 1974 that Afrikaans will be used as medium of instruction for certain subjects in black schools. The iconic picture of Hector Pieterson whose sister now works at a museum which honours Hector Peterson and his family claim that the apartheid regime spelled his name wrong, a black schoolchild shot by the police, brought home to many people within and outside of South Africa the effect of the struggle during the Apartheid government's reign.It is celebrated as a public holiday across South Africa to remember the brave students who protest against Afrikaans as the only medium of language for education.

ThailandEdit

On 20 September each year in Thailand, National Youth Day (Thai: วันเยาวชนแห่งชาติ, Wan Yaowachon Haeng Chat) commemorates the birth dates of Kings Chulalongkorn and Ananda Mahidol. Thailand celebrates Youth Day on this date because of the many births in the month of September.

TurkeyEdit

Youth and Sports Day (Gençlik ve Spor Bayramı) on May 19 in Turkey is dedicated to the youth. This day is also Atatürk Day (Atatürk'ü Anma), a day of commemoration of Kemal Atatürk, the "Father of Turkey", and the commemoration of the beginning of the national liberation movement initiated by Atatürk in 1919

The day is celebrated in honor of the arrival of Kemal Atatürk to Samsun on May 19, 1919, when the Turkish War of Independence began.

TunisiaEdit

Youth Day is celebrated on March 21 in Tunisia just after celebration of their independence.[6]

UkraineEdit

Youth Day is celebrated on the last Sunday of June in Ukraine.[7][8]

VenezuelaEdit

Youth Day is celebrated on February 12.[5] The holiday was created to commemorate all the teenagers above 12 years old who fought and died in the Battle of La Victoria (1812), during the Venezuelan War of Independence, on February 12, 1814.[6]

YugoslaviaEdit

Youth Day was celebrated throughout the former Yugoslavia on May 25. This was also a celebration of Josip Broz Tito's birthday who was in fact born on May 7, 1892. His birthday was celebrated on May 25, because his troops were attacked by Nazis on May 25, day of his birth found on his forged personal documents. In the weeks preceding the festival, youth ran a relay around the country, and on his birthday Tito was ceremonially presented with the baton. The baton, which had passed through all major cities, contained a symbolic birthday message, ostensibly from the youth of the whole country.

ZambiaEdit

Youth Day is celebrated on March 12.[9]

Youth Day recalls the day in 1962 when young people were killed during the independence movement. The day celebrates young people and their contribution to development. It recognizes that the young people are the future leaders and must be treated as such.[10]

ZimbabweEdit

Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day is February 21.[11]

See alsoEdit

World Youth Day – observed by the Roman Catholic Church

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b International Youth Day, UN.org, Retrieved 11 August 2016
  2. ^ "Cape Verde Public Holidays 2021 (Africa)". The qppstudio.net website. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  3. ^ Youth Day Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Akindele, Ajala Samuel (3 September 2020). "Nigeria: Buhari Approves November 1 As National Youth Day - Minister". allAfrica.com. Premium Times. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  5. ^ June 16, SAHistory, Retrieved 11 August 2016
  6. ^ Youth day, anydayguide.com, Retrieved 11 August 2016
  7. ^ Youth Day in Ukraine and Belarus
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 1, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Ngwenya, Wesley (March 12, 2010). "Zambian Youth Day Celebrations—The Hopeless Youth". Lusaka Times. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Youth Day in Zambia in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  11. ^ "Robert Mugabe National Youth Day 2021, 2022 and 2023 in Zimbabwe". PublicHolidays.africa. Retrieved Apr 26, 2020.

External linksEdit