1754 (MDCCLIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1754th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 754th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1754, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1754 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1754
Ab urbe condita2507
Armenian calendar1203
Assyrian calendar6504
Balinese saka calendar1675–1676
Bengali calendar1161
Berber calendar2704
British Regnal year27 Geo. 2 – 28 Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar2298
Burmese calendar1116
Byzantine calendar7262–7263
Chinese calendar癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4451 or 4244
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4452 or 4245
Coptic calendar1470–1471
Discordian calendar2920
Ethiopian calendar1746–1747
Hebrew calendar5514–5515
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1810–1811
 - Shaka Samvat1675–1676
 - Kali Yuga4854–4855
Holocene calendar11754
Igbo calendar754–755
Iranian calendar1132–1133
Islamic calendar1167–1168
Japanese calendarHōreki 4
Javanese calendar1679–1680
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4087
Minguo calendar158 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar286
Thai solar calendar2296–2297
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1880 or 1499 or 727
    — to —
(male Wood-Dog)
1881 or 1500 or 728
May 14: Start of the French and Indian War with the Battle of Fort Necessity

Events edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

July–September edit

  • July 3French and Indian WarBattle of Fort Necessity: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers.
  • July 10 – The Albany Plan of Union is given official approval by the delegates from New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Massachusetts, with Connecticut opposing. The plan approved at the meeting in Albany, New York is based on Benjamin Franklin's suggestions of "a general union of the British colonies on the continent" for a common defense policy. As amended at the assembly, the proposed union calls for the British Parliament to approve the arrangement, which would encompass all of the British North American colonies except for Georgia and Nova Scotia. The plan, to be considered by the individual colonies for ratification, provides for an inter-colonial legislature (the Grand Council) composed of between two and seven representatives for each colony, depending on population. It also provides for a "President General" who can veto Grand Council legislation, a common defense budget with colonies contributing proportionately to their representation, and an inter-colonial army whose officers would be selected by the Grand Council.[4]
  • July 17 – Classes begin at Columbia University, founded on October 31 as King's College by royal charter of King George II of Great Britain.[5] The college is originally located in Lower Manhattan in the Province of New York. Instruction is suspended in 1776, and the school reopens in 1784 as Columbia College. With the college's growth in the 19th Century, it is renamed Columbia University in 1896.
  • August 6 – The British North American Province of Georgia is created. Originally established in 1732 as a place for impoverished English citizens and debt prison parolees to make a new life, is given its first royal government. Administered for 22 years by the Board of Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America, chaired by philanthropist James Oglethorpe, the colony is transferred by the Trustees to the British crown's Board of Trade and Plantations. King George II, for whom the colony was named, follows the Board's recommendation by proclaiming Georgia a royal province, and appointing Royal Navy Captain John Reynolds as the first Royal Governor.[6] Reynolds arrives in Savannah on October 29 to take office.[7]
  • August 17 – Pennsylvania becomes the first of the British colonies to address Benjamin Franklin's Albany Plan for an inter-colonial union. With Franklin absent from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania's House of Representatives votes against to not consider the Plan at all, and to not refer it to the next legislative session for debate.[4]
  • August 19 – Lieutenant Colonel George Washington is forced to confront his first mutiny as 25 members of his Virginia militia refuse to obey orders from their officers. Washington, who is attending church services at the time, quickly suppresses the rebellion and the mutineers are imprisoned before more join.[8]
  • August 30New Hampshire settlers Susannah Willard Johnson and her family are taken hostage by the Abenaki Indians during an attack near Charlestown. Nine months pregnant at the time of their capture, Johnson gives birth two days later to a child, whom she names Elizabeth Captive Johnson. For the next two years, the family is held for ransom in Canada before she is released. In 1796, she will recount the story in a popular memoir, A Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs. Johnson.[9]
  • September 2 – A powerful earthquake strikes Constantinople shortly after 9 o'clock in the evening. A Scottish physician, Mordach Mackenzie, reports in a letter that the tremor damaged or destroyed numerous buildings and comments, "Some say there were 2000 people destroyed by this calamity, in the town and suburbs; some 900; and others reduce them to 60, who, by what I have seen, are nearer the truth."[10]
  • September 11Anthony Henday, an English explorer, becomes the first white man to reach the Canadian Rockies, after climbing a ridge above the Red Deer River near what is now Innisfail, Alberta.[11]

October–December edit

  • October 24China's Qianlong Emperor reverses a longstanding policy that barred Chinese subjects from ever returning to China if they remained out of the country for more than three years.[12]
  • October 31 – What will become Columbia University is chartered as "a College in the Province of New York... in the City of New York in America... named King's College", with the charter submitted by New York's colonial governor, James De Lancey.[5]
  • November 28 – Denmark establishes the Renteskirverkontor, an office within the Chamber of Finance, to oversee the colonial affairs of the Danish West Indies (Dansk Vestindien).[13] Peder Mariager, who had been a minor official of the Danish West Indies Company, becomes the first administrator. The colony, consisting of the islands of Saint Thomas, Saint John and Saint Croix later is purchased by the United States from Denmark and is now the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  • November 29Karim Khan Zand, the King of Persia (now Iran) recaptures the city of Shiraz from Afghan warlord Azad Khan Afghan, who had taken control of much of central Iran since 1749.[14]
  • December 13Osman III succeeds his brother Mahmud I as Ottoman Emperor; he will rule until his death in 1757.
  • December 26 – Massachusetts becomes the third colony (after Pennsylvania and Connecticut) to reject the Albany Plan for an inter-colonial union, voting 48 to 31 to postpone consideration of the union question indefinitely.[4]

Date unknown edit

Births edit

Frédéric-César de La Harpe
Louis XVI of France

Date unknown edit

Deaths edit

Marie Isabelle de Rohan, Duchess of Tallard died 5 January
Lord Archibald Hamilton died 5 April
Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este died 30 April
Carl Georg Siöblad died 1 September
Safdar Jang died 5 October
Mahmud I died 13 December

January–June edit

July–December edit

References edit

  1. ^ Barbara Anne Ganson, The Guarani Under Spanish Rule in the Rio de la Plata (Stanford University Press, 2005) p104
  2. ^ "Aspectos Históricos del Municipio". Petén: Melchor de Mencos. May 9, 2008. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  3. ^ Roldán Martínez, Ingrid (2004). "De bosques y otros nombres". Revista D. PrensaLibre. Archived from the original on June 17, 2008. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Alan Rogers, Empire and Liberty: American Resistance to British Authority, 1755-1763 (University of California Press, 1974) pp13-19
  5. ^ a b Robert McCaughey, Stand, Columbia: A History of Columbia University (Columbia University Press, 2003) p21
  6. ^ Farris W. Cadle, Georgia Land Surveying History and Law (University of Georgia Press, 1991) p29
  7. ^ Edward J. Cashin, Governor Henry Ellis and the Transformation of British North America (University of Georgia Press, 2007) p61
  8. ^ John A. Nagy, George Washington's Secret Spy War: The Making of America's First Spymaster (St. Martin's Press, 2016) p37
  9. ^ "Johnson, Susannah", by Marcia Schmidt Blaine, in An Encyclopedia of American Women at War: From the Home Front to the Battlefields, ed. by Lisa Tendrich Frank (ABC-CLIO, 2013) pp332-333
  10. ^ Charles Hutton, et al., The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, from Their Commencement, in 1665, to the Year 1800, Volume X: From 1750 to 1755 (C. and R. Baldwin, 1809) p549
  11. ^ Andrew Hempstead, Canadian Rockies: Including Banff & Jasper National Parks, Moon Handbooks (Avalon Publishing, 2016)
  12. ^ Philip A. Kuhn, Chinese Among Others: Emigration in Modern Times (Rowman & Littlefield, 2009) p94
  13. ^ Isaac Dookhan, A History of the Virgin Islands of the United States (Caribbean Universities Press, 1974, reprinted by Canoe Press, 1994) p200
  14. ^ Kaveh Farrokh, Iran at War: 1500-1988 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2011)
  15. ^ Dwyer, Philip (1996). Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, 1754-1838 : a bibliography. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. p. 25. ISBN 9780313293542.
  16. ^ Jones, Colin (2013). The Longman companion to the French revolution. Oxfordshire, England New York: Routledge. p. 76. ISBN 9781317870807.
  17. ^ George Crabbe (1954). George Crabbe, 1754-1832, Bi-centenary Celebrations: The Seventh Aldeburgh Festival of Music and the Arts...12-20 June, 1954 : Exhibition of Works and Manuscripts Held at the Moot Hall, Aldeburgh. Festival Committee. p. 3.
  18. ^ Rossel, Sven (1994). Ludvig Holberg--a European writer : a study in influence and reception. Amsterdam Atlanta, GA: Rodopi. p. 38. ISBN 9789051838091.
  19. ^ "POWLETT, Charles II, Marquess of Winchester (1685-1754), of Hackwood, nr. Basingstoke, Hants". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved October 12, 2021.
  20. ^ Chevalier, Tracy (1997). Encyclopedia of the essay. London Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 285. ISBN 9781884964305.

Further reading edit