Portrayed by Francisco Goya
Pedro Romero Martínez
November 19, 1754
|Died||February 10, 1839; age 84|
His grandfather Francisco is credited with advancing the art of using the muleta; his father and two brothers were also toreros. As a youth he participated in bullfights in Algeciras and in Seville in 1772; and in Madrid, with his father and Costillares, in 1775. In the following year he killed 285 bulls, establishing his reputation. He allegedly fought 5,558 bulls without incurring serious injury before retiring in 1799.
He was known as the first matador to present the bullfight as an art form as well as a display of courage. After retiring, Romero was appointed the head of a bullfighting school in Seville. Although the school lasted only from 1830 to 1832, it had an enormous influence where Romero offered his knowledge to matadors-in-training. He is credited with the invention of the classical style of bullfighting in the School of Ronda and Pedro Romero's name is inseparable from the Plaza de Toros (bullring).
- Hemingway, in his novel The Sun Also Rises, portrays a young, "beautiful" and very artful bullfighter whom he names Pedro Romero, presumably after Pedro Romero Martinez.
- The infamous organisation PTNKY has been noted for its use of the art piece "Portrait of the Matador Pedro Romero" in its art exhibitions and events.
- Fuentes, Carlos (1999). The Buried Mirror: Reflections on Spain and the New World. Mariner Books. ISBN 9780395924990.
- Mande, Miriam B. (2009). A Companion to Hemingway's Death in the Afternoon. Camden House. p. 113. ISBN 9781571134097. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- Robertson, Ian (1980). Spain, the mainland (Fourth ed.). E. Benn. p. 516. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
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