Maria Anna of Austria

Maria Anna of Austria (Maria Anna Josepha Antonia Regina; 7 September 1683 – 14 August 1754) was Queen consort of Portugal by marriage to King John V of Portugal. She was Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of John V.

Maria Anna of Austria
D. Maria Ana de Áustria, Rainha de Portugal - Pompeo Batoni (Palácio Nacional da Ajuda).png
Portrait of Maria Ana de Áustria
(attributed to Pompeo Batoni)
Queen consort of Portugal
Tenure27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750
Born(1683-09-07)7 September 1683
Linz, Austria, Holy Roman Empire
Died14 August 1754(1754-08-14) (aged 70)
Palace of Belém, Lisbon, Portugal
SpouseJohn V of Portugal
IssueBarbara, Queen of Spain
Pedro, Prince of Brazil
Joseph, King of Portugal
Peter III, King of Portugal
Maria Anna Josepha Antonia Regina
FatherLeopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherEleonor Magdalene of Neuburg
SignatureMaria Anna of Austria's signature


The Arrival of Maria Anna of Austria in Lisbon; Gottfried Stein, c. 1708.

Born Maria Anna Josepha, she was a daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Maria Anna was a sister of Holy Roman Emperors Joseph I and Charles VI. Through her brother Charles, she was an aunt of Maria Theresa, Austria's only queen regnant.

Queen consortEdit

On 27 October 1708 Maria Anna of Austria married John V, King of Portugal to seal the alliance between the two countries against Bourbon France and Spain during the War of Spanish Succession. She was subsequently Queen of Portugal until his death on 31 July 1750. During her queenship, she acted as regent during times of her husband's illness.

Once she was head of her household, Maria Anna reformed her court and its customs to follow the traditions and customs of the traditional Queens of Portugal.[1] Her greatest influence on the court, and Portuguese nobility as a whole, was the increase of segregation between men and women, as well as between servants and masters. Like John, Maria Anna had an exuberant taste, and this was best shown in her famous parties. Often lasting several days, she would invite the nobility from all over the country and hold a magnificent festival, often in concurrence with a saintly holiday, though religion played a small part in her parties.[2]


In 1742 Maria Anna took over power as regent after her husband suffered a stroke, which left him partially paralyzed. When John V died on 31 July 1750, she gave up power to their eldest son Joseph I of Portugal.

She died while in residence in the Palace of Belém in 1754.[3] After her death, she was buried in Lisbon, but her heart was brought to Vienna and buried there in the imperial crypt.


She was the mother of six children:



  1. ^ Nizza da Silva, p. 33.
  2. ^ Nizza da Silva, p. 34.
  3. ^ Vale, Teresa; Gomes, Carlos (1994). SIPA (ed.). "Palácio Nacional de Belém" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 100.
  5. ^ a b Eder, Karl (1961), "Ferdinand III.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 5, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 85–86; (full text online)
  6. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria Anna von Spanien" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 23 – via Wikisource.
  7. ^ a b Fuchs, Peter (2001), "Philipp Wilhelm", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 20, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 384; (full text online)
  8. ^ a b Louda, Jirí; MacLagan, Michael (1999). Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (2nd ed.). London: Little, Brown and Company. table 84.


  • Nizza da Silva, Maria Beatriz (2009). Reis de Portugal: D. João V (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Temas & Debates.
  • Raggi, Giuseppina (2017). "The Queen of Portugal Maria Anna of Austria and the Royal Opera Theaters by Giovanni Carlo Sicinio Galli Bibiena". Music in Art: International Journal for Music Iconography. 42 (1–2): 121–140. ISSN 1522-7464.
Maria Anna of Austria
Born: 7 September 1683 Died: 14 August 1754
Portuguese royalty
Preceded by
Maria Sofia of the Palatinate
Queen consort of Portugal
27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750
Succeeded by
Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain