Maria Anna of Austria
Maria Anna of Austria (Maria Anna Josepha Antonia Regina; 7 September 1683 – 14 August 1754) was Queen consort of Portugal by marriage to King John V of Portugal. She was Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of John V.
|Maria Anna of Austria|
|Queen consort of Portugal|
|Tenure||27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750|
|Born||7 September 1683|
Linz, Austria, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||14 August 1754 (aged 70)|
Palace of Belém, Lisbon, Portugal
|Spouse||John V of Portugal|
|Issue||Barbara, Queen of Spain |
Pedro, Prince of Brazil
Joseph, King of Portugal
Peter III, King of Portugal
|Father||Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg|
Born Maria Anna Josepha, she was a daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Maria Anna was a sister of Holy Roman Emperors Joseph I and Charles VI. Through her brother Charles, she was an aunt of Maria Theresa, Austria's only queen regnant.
On 27 October 1708 Maria Anna of Austria married John V, King of Portugal to seal the alliance between the two countries against Bourbon France and Spain during the War of Spanish Succession. She was subsequently Queen of Portugal until his death on 31 July 1750. During her queenship, she acted as regent during times of her husband's illness.
Once she was head of her household, Maria Anna reformed her court and its customs to follow the traditions and customs of the traditional Queens of Portugal. Her greatest influence on the court, and Portuguese nobility as a whole, was the increase of segregation between men and women, as well as between servants and masters. Like John, Maria Anna had an exuberant taste, and this was best shown in her famous parties. Often lasting several days, she would invite the nobility from all over the country and hold a magnificent festival, often in concurrence with a saintly holiday, though religion played a small part in her parties.
In 1742 Maria Anna took over power as regent after her husband suffered a stroke, which left him partially paralyzed. When John V died on 31 July 1750, she gave up power to their eldest son Joseph I of Portugal.
She was the mother of six children:
- Barbara of Portugal (4 December 1711 – 27 August 1758), married Ferdinand VI of Spain, no issue.
- Pedro of Portugal (19 October 1712 – 24 October 1714), Prince of Brazil, died in infancy.
- Joseph I of Portugal (6 June 1714 – 24 February 1777), married Mariana Victoria of Spain.
- Infante Carlos of Portugal (2 May 1716 – 1 April 1736), died before his parents.
- Peter III of Portugal (5 July 1717 – 25 May 1786), married his niece Maria I, Queen regnant of Portugal.
- Infante Alexandre of Portugal (24 September 1723 – 2 August 1728), died in infancy.
|Ancestors of Maria Anna of Austria|
- Nizza da Silva, p. 33.
- Nizza da Silva, p. 34.
- Vale, Teresa; Gomes, Carlos (1994). SIPA (ed.). "Palácio Nacional de Belém" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
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- Fuchs, Peter (2001), "Philipp Wilhelm", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 20, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 384; (full text online)
- Louda, Jirí; MacLagan, Michael (1999). Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (2nd ed.). London: Little, Brown and Company. table 84.
- Nizza da Silva, Maria Beatriz (2009). Reis de Portugal: D. João V (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Temas & Debates.
- Raggi, Giuseppina (2017). "The Queen of Portugal Maria Anna of Austria and the Royal Opera Theaters by Giovanni Carlo Sicinio Galli Bibiena". Music in Art: International Journal for Music Iconography. 42 (1–2): 121–140. ISSN 1522-7464.