1695 (MDCXCV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1695th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 695th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1690s decade. As of the start of 1695, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1695 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1695
MDCXCV
Ab urbe condita2448
Armenian calendar1144
ԹՎ ՌՃԽԴ
Assyrian calendar6445
Balinese saka calendar1616–1617
Bengali calendar1102
Berber calendar2645
English Regnal yearWill. & Mar. – 8 Will. 3
Buddhist calendar2239
Burmese calendar1057
Byzantine calendar7203–7204
Chinese calendar甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4391 or 4331
    — to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4392 or 4332
Coptic calendar1411–1412
Discordian calendar2861
Ethiopian calendar1687–1688
Hebrew calendar5455–5456
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1751–1752
 - Shaka Samvat1616–1617
 - Kali Yuga4795–4796
Holocene calendar11695
Igbo calendar695–696
Iranian calendar1073–1074
Islamic calendar1106–1107
Japanese calendarGenroku 8
(元禄8年)
Javanese calendar1618–1619
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4028
Minguo calendar217 before ROC
民前217年
Nanakshahi calendar227
Thai solar calendar2237–2238
Tibetan calendar阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1821 or 1440 or 668
    — to —
阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
1822 or 1441 or 669

It was also a particularly cold and wet year. Contemporary records claim that wine froze in the glasses in the Palace of Versailles.

EventsEdit

January–MarchEdit

  • January 7 (December 28, 1694 old style) – The United Kingdom's last joint monarchy, the reign of husband-and-wife King William III and Queen Mary II comes to an end with the death, from smallpox, of Queen Mary, at the age of 32. Princess Mary, the daughter of King James II, had been installed as the monarch along with her husband and cousin, Willem Hendrik von Oranje, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, in 1689 after James was deposed by Willem during the "Glorious Revolution".
  • January 14 (January 4 old style) – The Royal Navy warship HMS Nonsuch, with 36 cannons and a special fast-sailing design, is captured near England's Isles of Scilly by the 48-gun French privateer Le Francois. Nonsuch is then sold to the French Navy and renamed Le Sans Pareil.[1][2]
  • January 24Milan's Court Theater is destroyed in a fire.
  • January 27 – A flotilla of six Royal Navy warships under the command of Commodore James Killegrew aboard HMS Plymouth captures two French warships, the Content and the Trident, the day after the French ships had mistaken the English fleet to be a group of merchant ships to attack.
  • February 6Mustafa II (1664 – 1703) succeeds his uncle, Ahmed II as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
  • March 10 – Almost all French Army soldiers in a column of 1,300 troops, commanded by Brigadier General Urbain Le Clerc de Juigné, are killed or captured in the Battle of Sant Esteve d'en Bas against a smaller Spanish Empire force led by Ramon de Sala i Saçala. The battle, taking place during the War of the Grand Alliance in what is now Catalonia sees 260 of de Juigne's troops killed and 826 becoming prisoners of war. The Spanish side suffers only seven deaths.
  • March 7John Trevor, Speaker of the English House of Commons, is expelled from the House by vote of the members, after being found guilty of accepting a bribe of 1000 pounds sterling from the City of London Corporation.
  • March 14Paul Foley is elected as the new Speaker of the House after the expulsion of John Trevor.
  • March 26John Hungerford is expelled from the English House of Commons when members vote to find him guilty of accepting a bribe in return for using his committee chairmanship to promote the pending Orphans Bill.

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

  • October 11King William III of England dissolves Parliament in the wake of a scandal involving former Speaker of the House of Commons John Trevor and other Tory MPs.
  • October 25 – The 48-gun English Navy ship HMS Berkeley Castle is captured by the French Navy.
  • November 22 – The new Parliament, with 513 members of the House of Commons is opened by King William III. Commons is composed of 257 Whigs (who hold a majority of one), 203 Tories and 53 members of other parties or independents.
  • December 31 – A window tax is imposed in England.[10] Some windows are bricked up to avoid it.

Date unknownEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rif Winfield and Stephen S. Roberts, French Warships in the Age of Sail, 1626–1786 Design, Construction, Careers and Fates (Pen & Sword, 2017) p. 1694
  2. ^ William G. Gates, Ships of the British Navy: A Record of Heroism, Victory and Disaster (W. H. Long, 1905) p. 120
  3. ^ "Appendix G: Refusal of the House of Commons to Renew the Licensing Act (1695)", Dictionary of Literary and Dramatic Ccensorship in Tudor and Stuart England, by Dorothy Auchter (Greenwood Press, 2001) p. 389
  4. ^ Alvin B. Kernan, "Samuel Johnson and the Impact of Print" (Princeton University Press, 2021) p. 59
  5. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 198–200. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  6. ^ Russian History/ Histoire Russe (University of Pittsburgh, 2003) p. 88
  7. ^ M.S. Anderson, Peter the Great (Taylor & Francis, 2014) p. 36
  8. ^ a b "Azov campaigns of 1695–1696", The Black Sea Encyclopedia (Springer Berlin, 2014) p. 71
  9. ^ Yueren Xu; Honglin He; Qidong Deng; Mark B. Allen; Haoyue Sun; Lisi Bi (2018). "The CE 1303 Hongdong earthquake and the Huoshan Piedmont Fault, Shanxi Graben: Implications for magnitude limits of normal fault earthquakes" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 123 (4): 3098–3121. Bibcode:2018JGRB..123.3098X. doi:10.1002/2017JB014928.
  10. ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 287. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  11. ^ "Peter I", by Robert Nisbet Bain, in The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, Volumbe XXI (Cambridge University Press, 1911) p. 289
  12. ^ Love Dean, Lighthouses of the Florida Keys (Pineapple Press, 1998) p. 131
  13. ^ Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650–1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  14. ^ J. J. Colledge and Ben Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy from the 15th Century to the Present (Seaforth, 2021) p. 482
  15. ^ Eeghen, I. H. van (1961). "Buitenlandse manopolies van de Amstersamse kooplieden in de tweedee helft van de zeventiende eeuw". Jaarboek Amstelodamum. 53: 176–184.