|Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700)|
|Part of Great Turkish War|
Capture of Azov by Russian emperor Peter the Great (on horseback)
Tsardom of Russia|
|Commanders and leaders|
Peter the Great |
Vasily Vasilyevich Golitsyn
Elmas Mehmed Pasha |
Amcazade Köprülü Hüseyin Pasha
Selim I Giray
The Russo-Turkish War began after the Tsardom of Russia joined the European anti-Turkish coalition (Habsburg Monarchy, Poland–Lithuania, Venice) in 1686, after Poland-Lithuania agreed to recognize Russian incorporation of Kiev and the left bank of Ukraine.
During the war, the Russian army organized the Crimean campaigns of 1687 and 1689 both which ended in Russian defeats. Despite these setbacks, Russia launched the Azov campaigns in 1695 and 1696, and after raising the siege in 1695 successfully occupied Azov in 1696.
In light of preparations for the war against the Swedish Empire, Russian Tsar Peter the Great signed the Treaty of Karlowitz with the Ottoman Empire in 1699. The subsequent Treaty of Constantinople in 1700, ceded Azov, the Taganrog fortress, Pavlovsk and Mius to Russia and established a Russian ambassador in Constantinople, and secured the return of all prisoners of war. The Tsar also affirmed that his subordinates, the Cossacks, would not attack the Ottomans, while the Sultan affirmed his subordinates, the Crimean Tatars, would not attack the Russians.
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