1697 (MDCXCVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1697th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 697th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 17th century, and the 8th year of the 1690s decade. As of the start of 1697, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
|Ab urbe condita||2450|
|Balinese saka calendar||1618–1619|
|English Regnal year||9 Will. 3 – 10 Will. 3|
|Chinese calendar||丙子年 (Fire Rat)|
4393 or 4333
— to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4394 or 4334
|- Vikram Samvat||1753–1754|
|- Shaka Samvat||1618–1619|
|- Kali Yuga||4797–4798|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 10|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||215 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2239–2240|
1823 or 1442 or 670
— to —
1824 or 1443 or 671
- January 8 – Scottish student Thomas Aikenhead is hanged outside Edinburgh, becoming the last person in Great Britain to be executed for blasphemy.
- January 11 – French writer Charles Perrault, through publisher Claude Barbin, releases the book Histoires ou contes du temps passé (literally "Tales of Past Times"), known in England as "Mother Goose tales") in Paris, a collection of popular fairy tales, including Cinderella, Puss in Boots, Red Riding Hood, The Sleeping Beauty and Bluebeard. 
- February 8 – The English infantry regiment of Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall is disbanded four years after it was first raised. Donegall will raise a second regiment in 1701.
- February 22 – Gerrit de Heere becomes the new Governor of Dutch Ceylon (primarily the coast, but not the interior of modern Sri Lanka), succeeding Thomas van Rhee and administering the colony for almost six years until his death.
- February 26 – Spanish conquistador Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi and 114 soldiers arrive at Lake Petén Itzá in what is now Guatemala and begin the conquest of the Mayas with an attack on the capital of the Itza people there before moving northward to the Yucatan peninsula.
- March 9 – Grand Embassy of Peter the Great: Tsar Peter the Great of Russia sets out to travel in Europe incognito, as Artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov.
- March 13 – The Spanish conquest of Petén, and of Yucatán, is completed with the fall of Nojpetén, capital of the Itza Maya Kingdom, the last independent Maya state.
- March 22 – Charles II of Spain issues a Royal Cedula extending to the indigenous nobles of the Spanish Crown colonies, as well as to their descendants, the preeminence and honors customarily attributed to the Hidalgos of Castile.
- March 26 – Safavid occupation of Basra: Safavid government troops take control of Basra.
- April 5 – Charles XII, the Swedish Meteor, becomes king of Sweden at age 14 on the death of his father, Charles XI.
- April 23 – As Chinese troops from the Manchu Dynasty (ruled by the Emperor Kangxi) complete their conquest of Mongolia, Galdan Boshugtu Khan, ruler of the last part of Mongolia to be conquered, the Dzungar Khanate, poisons himself, ending the resistance to conquest. 
- May 6 – General Bernard Desjean, Baron de Pointis of France carries out an attack and pillaging on the Spanish fort of Cartagena de Indias (now the city of Cartagena in Colombia) with 1,200 soldiers and 650 pirate mercenaries and overwhelms the city over the next 18 days. The Baron cheats the pirates and reneges on a contract to share the wealth, and the pirates come back to Cartagena a second time and makes a more violent attack.
- May 17 (May 7 Old Style) – The 13th century royal Tre Kronor ("Three Crowns") castle in Stockholm burns to the ground. A large portion of the royal library is destroyed.
- June 10 – The last mass execution for witchcraft in western Europe when five Paisley witches are hanged and then burned in Scotland.
- June 27 – Augustus II the Strong is elected King of Poland after converting to Roman Catholicism on June 2.
- June 30 – The earliest reported first-class cricket match takes place in Sussex in England. The Foreign Post of July 7, 1697, notes that "The middle of last week a great match at cricket was played in Sussex; there were eleven of a side, and they played for fifty guineas apiece".
- July 4 – A Byzantine icon, the "Weeping Madonna of Pócs, arrives in Vienna after a five-month journey following its forced removal from the Hungarian village of Pócs by order of the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I. It has been housed for more than 320 years in St. Stephen's Cathedral.
- July 6 – A major naval battle takes place between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire with each side having 25 battleships, supplemented by smaller vessels. The Venetian Navy, under the command of Admiral Bartolomeo Contarini, suffers 71 deaths and 163 injuries, and even worse casualties in a second engagement on September 20. The extent of Turkish casualties is not reported. 
- July 27 – Mahmud Shah II, the Sultan of Johor and Pahang (now part of Malaysia) takes on full power upon the death of the regent, the Bendahara Paduka Raja. Mahmud II was only 10 years old when he became the Sultan upon the assassination of his father, Ibrahim Shah in 1685.
- July 28 – The opera Vénus et Adonis, composed by Henri Desmarets with libretto by Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, receives its first performance, premiering at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal in Paris. After 250 years of obscurity, it will be revived in 2006.
- August 10 – The Siege of Barcelona, ends in Spain after 52 days as Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme of France obtains the surrender of Barcelona from the Austrian General, Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt.
- September 5 (August 25 old style) – During the Nine Years' War, the Battle of Hudson's Bay is fought between English and French ships in Hudson Bay near what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba; The French warship Pélican captures York Factory, a trading post of the English Hudson's Bay Company in modern-day Manitoba (Canada).
- September 11 – Battle of Zenta: Prince Eugene of Savoy crushes the Ottoman army of Mustafa II, and effectively ends Turkish hopes of recovering lost ground in Hungary.
- September 17 – Amcazade Köprülü Hüseyin Pasha becomes the new Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire in the wake of the disastrous Ottoman defeat at Zenta, replacing Grand Vizier Elmas Mehmed Pasha, who was killed in the battle by his own troops.
- September 20 – The Treaty of Ryswick is signed by France and the Grand Alliance, to end both the Nine Years' War and King William's War. The conflict having been inconclusive, the treaty is proposed because the combatants have exhausted their national treasuries. Louis XIV of France recognises William III as King of England & Scotland, and both sides return territories they have taken in battle. In North America, the treaty returns Port-Royal (Acadia) to France. In practice, the treaty is little more than a truce; it does not resolve any of the fundamental colonial problems, and the peace lasts only five years.
- October 7 – The opera Issé, composed by André Cardinal Destouches with libretto by Antoine Houdar de la Motte, premieres at the Palace of Fontainebleau in France.
- October 16 – The Norwegian Code, promulgated by King Christian V of Denmark for Norway in 1687, is amended to provide for torture of condemned criminals in certain capital offenses in Norway, with permission for burning with hot irons, or cutting off the prisoner's right hand while the prisoner is being transported for decapitation. 
- October 19 – Misión Loreto, the first Roman Catholic mission on Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, is founded by Spanish missionary Juan María de Salvatierra.
- October 24 – The first opéra-ballet, combining elements of both mediums of entertainment, is performed as L'Europe galante makes its debut at the Salle du Palais-Royal in Paris. Composed by André Campra, with libretto by Antoine Houdar de la Motte, the opera and ballet is conducted by Marin Marais.
- October 30 – The Nine Years' War, between France and the Grand Alliance (England, Spain, Austria, and the Dutch Republic) comes to an end with the signing of the signing of the last pacts of the Peace of Ryswick in the Dutch city of Rijswijk as Leopold I of Austria accedes two days before a deadline that had been set by the other members of the Grand Alliance. The areas of the Duchy of Lorraine (Lotharingen), Freiburg im Breisgau, and Vieux-Brisach (Breisach) are returned by France to Leopold's control.
- November 18 – Robert Bedingfield, a high-ranking member of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors, is knighted in England by King William III.
- November 24 – The elaborate burial of the late King Charles XI of Sweden takes place more than seven months after his April 5 death, with interment at the Riddarholmen Church on the island of Riddarholmen near Stockholm.
- November 30 – Prince Eugene of Savoy, a field marshal within the Holy Roman Empire, purchases a large tract of land in Vienna for construction of the Belvedere Palace.
- December 2 – First service (to celebrate the Treaty of Ryswick) held in St Paul's Cathedral since rebuilding work after the Great Fire of London began.
- December 7 – Louis, Duke of Burgundy, and Marie Adélaïde of Savoy marry in the royal chapel at the Palace of Versailles in France.
- December 8 – Tsangyang Gyatso is installed in Tibet as the 6th Dalai Lama in a ceremony at Lhasa, filling a vacancy that had existed since 1682. 
- December 11 – A ball in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles is held to celebrate the Duke of Burgundy and Marie Adélaïde's wedding.
- December 14 – The coronation ceremony takes place for King Charles XII of Sweden.
- The Manchus of the Qing dynasty conquer Outer Mongolia.
- The British government passes the Trade with Africa Act 1697 (An Act to settle the Trade to Africa), confirming the Royal African Company's loss of monopoly on the Atlantic slave trade.
- Christopher Polhem starts Sweden's first technical school.
- Heinrich Escher, Mayor of Zürich, introduces chocolate to Switzerland from Brussels.
- The use of "litters" (wheel-less transports that carried by four servants) increases in Europe.
- January 1 – Johann Pfeiffer, German violinist (d. 1761)
- January 7
- January 9 – Gabriel Hanger, 1st Baron Coleraine, English politician (d. 1773)
- January 11 – William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex, English courtier and diplomat (d. 1743)
- January 13 – Paul-François de Galluccio, marquis de L'Hôpital, French nobleman and ambassador to Russia (d. 1767)
- January 16 – Jules, Prince of Soubise, French nobleman and Prince of Soubise (d. 1724)
- January 17 – Franz Neumayr, German Jesuit preacher (d. 1765)
- January 19 – Thérèse de Couagne, capitalist and slave owner who played an active role in the economy of New France (d. 1764)
- January 22 – Antoine-Martin Chaumont de La Galaizière, French nobleman (d. 1783)
- January 23 – Joseph François Dupleix, Governor-General of French India and rival of Robert Clive (d. 1763)
- January 26 – Sir Hugh Acland, 6th Baronet, British landowner, politician and MP (d. 1728)
- January 30 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flautist and composer (d. 1773)
- February 1 – Josse Boutmy, composer, organist and harpsichordist of the Austrian Netherlands (d. 1779)
- February 4 – James Franklin, American colonial author (d. 1735)
- February 5 – William Smellie, Scottish obstetrician and medical instructor (d. 1763)
- February 9 – Sir James Johnstone, 3rd Baronet, Scottish baronet and politician (d. 1772)
- February 13 – Knud Leem, Norwegian priest and linguist (d. 1774)
- February 15 – Vito Maria Amico, Italian monk (d. 1752)
- February 24 – Bernhard Siegfried Albinus, German anatomist (d. 1770)
- February 26
- February 28
- March 6 – Jacques Deschamps, French theologian and priest (d. 1759)
- March 9 – Friederike Caroline Neuber, German actress and theatre director (d. 1760)
- March 12 – Joseph Leblanc dit Le Maigre, Acadian farmer and trader (d. 1772)
- March 20 – József Dravecz, Slovene Roman Catholic priest (d. 1779)
- March 21 – Christian Gottlieb Priber, German immigrant with legal training who emigrated to the British Colonies of North America (d. 1744)
- March 24
- March 30
- April 2
- April 12 – Anton Pichler, Tyrolean goldsmith and artist of engraved gems (d. 1779)
- April 16 – Johann Gottlieb Görner, German composer and organist (d. 1778)
- April 23 – George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, British admiral (d. 1762)
- April 26 – Adam Falckenhagen, German lutenist and composer (d. 1754)
- May 2 – Michael Fabritius, Danish merchant (d. 1746)
- May 5 – Henricus Boelen, American silversmith in New York City (d. 1755)
- May 10 – Jean-Marie Leclair, French violinist (d. 1764)
- May 15 – Countess Palatine Ernestine of Sulzbach, wife of Landgrave William II (d. 1775)
- May 16 – John Berkeley, 5th Baron Berkeley of Stratton, British politician (d. 1773)
- May 20 – Francesco Scipione Maria Borghese, Italian cardinal from the Borghese family (d. 1759)
- May 28 – Frederick Bernard, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen (d. 1739)
- June 2 – Thomas Whincop, English compiler of theatrical history (d. 1730)
- June 4 – Jacob Emden, German rabbi and talmudist who championed Orthodox Judaism (d. 1776)
- June 9 – Augustus Louis, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, German prince of the House of Ascania (d. 1755)
- June 10 – Johann Caspar Barthel, German canon lawyer (d. 1771)
- June 11 – Francesco Antonio Vallotti, Italian composer (d. 1780)
- June 24 – Heinrich Joseph Johann of Auersperg, fourth Prince of Auersperg (d. 1783)
- July 27 – Isaac Maddox, Anglican clergyman (d. 1759)
- July 31 – Pietro Paolo Vasta, Italian painter (d. 1760)
- August 4 – Susanna Wright, colonial English American poet (d. 1784)
- August 6
- August 10 – Alexander Kurakin, statesman and diplomat (d. 1749)
- August 17 – Alexander Brodie, Scottish politician (d. 1754)
- August 18 – Princess Benedetta d'Este, noblewoman and princess of the Duchy of Modena and Reggio (d. 1777)
- August 19 – Richard Wingfield, 1st Viscount Powerscourt, Irish politician and peer (d. 1751)
- August 26 – Giovanni Battista Tagliasacchi, Italian painter of the late-Baroque period (d. 1737)
- August 28 – Armande de La Tour d'Auvergne, French noblewoman and Princess of Epinoy by marriage (d. 1717)
- August 30 – Henry Flitcroft, major English architect in the second generation of Palladianism (d. 1769)
- September 2 – Thomas Deacon, English non-juror bishop (d. 1753)
- September 6 – James Foster, English Baptist minister (d. 1753)
- September 16 – St George Caulfeild, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland (d. 1778)
- September 17 – John Gardner, American judge (d. 1764)
- September 18 – Cornelius Heinrich Dretzel, German organist and composer (bapt. 1697–1775) (d. 1775)
- September 19 – Alexander Monro, Scottish surgeon and anatomist (d. 1767)
- September 25 – Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1764)
- September 27 – Franz Ernst Brückmann, German mineralogist born at Mariental (d. 1753)
- October 6 – Sir Robert Austen, 4th Baronet, British politician (d. 1743)
- October 8
- October 9 – Pierre Philibert de Blancheton, French politician and music patron and collector (d. 1756)
- October 15 – Leopold Innocenty Nepomucen Polzer, Polish lawyer (d. 1753)
- October 16
- October 18
- October 19 – Claude-Pierre Goujet, French abbé and littérateur (d. 1767)
- October 22 – Mary Seymour, Duchess of Somerset (d. 1768)
- October 25 – Bartolomeo Ruspoli, Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1741)
- October 26 – John Peter Zenger, German printer and journalist in New York City (d. 1746)
- October 28 – Johann Gottfried Auerbach, Austrian painter and etcher (d. 1753)
- October 29 – Georg Desmarées, Swedish-born German portrait painter (d. 1776)
- October 31 – Johann Christian Fiedler, German portrait painter (d. 1765)
- November 2 – James Douglas, 3rd Marquess of Queensberry, Scottish noble (d. 1715)
- November 6 – Euseby Isham, English academic administrator at the University of Oxford (d. 1755)
- November 8 – Giovanni Lami, Italian jurist (d. 1770)
- November 9 – August Aleksander Czartoryski, member of the Polish nobility (Lang-pl (d. 1782)
- November 10
- November 13 – Lord William Manners, English nobleman, Whig politician and MP (d. 1772)
- November 15 – Johann Baring, German merchant (d. 1748)
- November 17 – René-Prosper Tassin, French historian (d. 1777)
- November 21 – Mateša Antun Kuhačević, Croatian poet and politician from Senj (d. 1772)
- November 23 – John Gill, English Baptist pastor (d. 1771)
- November 25
- November 30 – Johann Albrecht Korff, Russian diplomat (d. 1766)
- December 4 – Nicolas-Charles-Joseph Trublet, French churchman (canon of Saint-Malo) and moralist (d. 1770)
- December 6 – Carlo Arrigoni, Italian composer and musician active in several countries (d. 1744)
- December 7 – Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (d. 1775)
- December 11
- December 14 – Soloman Sprecher von Bernegg, Austrian military commander (d. 1758)
- December 18 – Marcantonio Dal Re, Italian engraver and publisher (d. 1766)
- December 21
- December 27 – Sollom Emlyn, Irish legal writer (d. 1754)
- February 16 – Jan Six van Chandelier, Dutch Golden Age poet from Amsterdam (b. 1620)
- March 15 – William Wentworth, follower of John Wheelwright (b. 1616)
- January 8 – Thomas Aikenhead, Scottish student (hanged) (b. c. 1678)
- January 11
- January 12 – Andrzej Stech, Polish painter (b. 1635)
- January 16 – Fortunato Ilario Carafa della Spina, Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1630)
- January 26 – Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
- January 28 – John Fenwick, English conspirator (b. c. 1645)
- January 31 – Anthony Horneck, German clergyman and scholar (b. 1641)
- February 4 – Adrien de Wignacourt, 63rd Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta from 1690 to 1697 (b. 1618)
- February 5 – Esaias Fleischer, Danish priest (b. 1633)
- February 11 – Georg Händel, German musician (b. 1622)
- February 16 – Bernardino Plastina, Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of Oppido Mamertina (b. 1645)
- February 17 – Francis Dane, American colonial priest (b. 1615)
- March 1 – Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
- March 12 – Gaspar de la Cerda, 8th Count of Galve, viceroy of New Spain (b. 1653)
- March 17 – Þórður Þorláksson, Icelandic bishop (b. 1637)
- March 19 – Nicolaus Bruhns, German organist and composer (b. 1665)
- March 23 – William Child, English composer and organist (b. 1606)
- March 26 – Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
- March 27 – Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (b. 1604)
- April 1 – Giyesu, Chinese prince (b. 1646)
- April 4 – Andrea Carlone, Italian painter (b. 1626)
- April 5 – King Charles XI of Sweden, King of Sweden from 1660 to 1697 (b. 1655)
- April 8 – Niels Juel, Danish admiral (b. 1629)
- April 14 – Custodio do Pinho, Roman Catholic prelate, Titular Bishop of Hierapolis in Isauria (b. 1638)
- May 2 – Simon Henry, Count of Lippe, ruling Count of Lippe-Detmold (b. 1639)
- May 8 – Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet, English Member of Parliament (b. 1634)
- May 9 – Ildefonso Vargas y Abarca, Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of Comayagua (b. 1633)
- May 12 – Francesco Maria Moles, Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of Nola (b. 1638)
- May 22 – Louise Boyer, French courtier (b. 1632)
- May 24 – Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, German duke (b. 1649)
- June 3 – Silvius II Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Oels (b. 1651)
- June 7 – John Aubrey, English writer and antiquarian (b. 1626)
- June 10 – Francis Pemberton, English judge, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench (b. 1624)
- June 12 – Ann Baynard, English natural philosopher (b. 1672)
- June 18 – Gregorio Barbarigo, Italian Catholic saint (b. 1625)
- June 19 – Henry Mordaunt, 2nd Earl of Peterborough, English diplomat (b. 1621)
- June 21 – Joseph Anthelmi, French ecclesiastical historian (b. 1648)
- July 5 – Sebastijan Glavinić, Catholic bishop (b. 1630)
- July 7 – John Eachard, English divine and satirist (b. 1636)
- July 10 – Katherine Ross, née Collace (c.1635–1697), memoirist and schoolmistress (b. 1635)
- July 11 – Frances Ward, 6th Baroness Dudley, English baroness (b. 1611)
- July 13 – James Draper, early settler of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1618)
- July 16 – Sir John Brownlow, 3rd Baronet, English politician (b. 1659)
- July 18
- July 20 – Jan Kazimierz Denhoff, Polish cardinal from 1686 (b. 1649)
- July 24 – William Digges, politician in the Colony of Virginia, councillor in the Province of Maryland (b. 1651)
- July 25 – John Grout, military officer (b. 1643)
- July 27
- July 30 – Lorentz Mortensen Angell, Norwegian merchant and landowner (b. 1626)
- August 2
- August 5 – Jean-Baptiste de Santeul, French poet who wrote in Latin (b. 1630)
- August 11 – John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale, Scottish judge (b. 1625)
- August 30 – Daigo Fuyumoto, Japanese noble (b. 1648)
- September 11
- October 27 – Takehara An'i, bureaucrat of Ryukyu Kingdom (b. 1651)
- October 30 – Thomas Lascelles, English politician (b. 1624)
- November 8 – Samuel Enys, English politician (b. 1611)
- November 22 – Libéral Bruant, French architect (b. c. 1635)
- November 30 – Thomas Crew, 2nd Baron Crew, English politician (b. 1624)
- December 17 – Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Poland (b. 1653)
- December 20
- December 31 – Lucas Faydherbe, Belgian sculptor and architect (b. 1617)
- date unknown – Karin Thomasdotter, Finnish official (b. 1610)
- The Fairy Tales in Verse and Prose/ Les Contes en Vers Et en Prose: A Dual-Language Book, by Charles Perrault, introduction and translation by Stanley Appelbaum (Dover Books, 2012)
- Gaston Cahen, History of the Relations of Russia and China Under Peter the Great, 1689-1730, translated by W. Sheldon Ridge (The National Review, 1914) pp. 61-62; another source, The Tea Road: China and Russia Meet Across the Steppe by Martha Avery (China Intercontinental Press, 2003) p. 107, gives the date as May 3.
- R. C. Anderson, Naval wars in the Levant, 1559-1853 (Princeton University Press, 1952) pp.229-230
- "Kjærvikmordet" (in Norwegian). University of Tromsø. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 780. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
- Warren Smith, Tibetan Nation: A History Of Tibetan Nationalism And Sino-Tibetan Relations (Taylor & Francis, 2019)
- "The History Of Chocolate: A Chocolate Timeline". The Nibble. Retrieved December 29, 2020.