Safdar Jang

Abul Mansur Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan (c. 1708 – 5 October 1754), better known as Safdar Jang, was a major figure at the Mughal court during the declining years of the Mughal empire. He became the second Nawab Vazier of Awadh when he succeeded Saadat Ali Khan I (his maternal uncle and father-in-law) in 1739. All future Nawabs of Oudh were male line descendants of Safdar Jung.

Safdar Jung
Mirza
Nawab of Oudh
Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik
Wazir ul-Hindustan
Subedar of Kashmir, Agra & Oudh
Khan Bahadur
Mir Atish
Firdaus Aaramgah[a]
Safdarjung (1).jpg
Reign19 March 1739 – 5 October 1754
PredecessorSaadat Ali Khan I
SuccessorShuja-ud-Daula
Full name
Abul Mansur Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan Safdar Jang
Born1708
[citation needed]
Died5 October 1754(1754-10-05) (aged 45–46)
Sultanpur, India
BuriedSafdar Jang's Tomb, Safdar Jung road, New Delhi
Noble familyNishapuri Branch of the Kara Koyunlu
Spouse(s)Amat Jahan Begum
FatherSiyadat Khan [Mirza Ja’afar Khan Beg]
Military career
AllegianceAlam of the Mughal Empire.svgMughal Empire
Service/branchNawab of Awadh
RankSubadar
Battles/warsMughal-Maratha Wars

BiographyEdit

He was a descendant of Qara Yusuf from the Kara Koyunlu. In 1739, he succeeded his father-in-law and maternal uncle, Burhan-ul-Mulk Saadat Ali Khan I to the throne of Oudh and ruled from 19 March 1739 to 5 October 1754.[citation needed]. The Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah gave him the title of "Safdar Jang".[1]

Safdar Jang was an able administrator. He was not only effective in keeping control of Oudh, but also managed to render valuable assistance to the weakened Emperor Muhammad Shah. He was soon given governorship of Kashmir as well, and became a central figure at the Delhi court. During the later years of Muhammad Shah, he gained complete control of administration over the whole Mughal Empire. When Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the throne at Delhi in 1748, Safdar Jung became his Wazir-ul-Mumalik-i-Hindustan or Prime Minister of Hindustan. He was also made the governor of Ajmer and became the "Faujdar" of Narnaul. However, court politics eventually overtook him and he was dismissed in 1753.[1] He returned to Oudh in December 1753 and selected Faizabad as his military headquarter and administrative capital. He died in October 1754 at the age of 46 years in Sultanpur near Faizabad.[1]

TombEdit

Safdar Jang's Tomb was built in 1754 and is situated on a road now known as Safdar Jang Road, in New Delhi.[2]

Several other modern structures near the tomb also carry his name today like Safdar Jang Airport and Safdar Jang Hospital.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Title after death.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh) a princely State of India by Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui
  2. ^ "Safdar Jang Tomb Garden". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007.

External linksEdit

  • Indiacoins has an article on Safdarjung here
  • Tomb of Safdarjung [1]
Preceded by
Subadar Nawab of Oudh
1739–1748
(1st time)
Succeeded by
post abolished
Preceded by
new creation
Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik of Oudh
1748–1753
(acting to 29 Jun 1748)
Succeeded by
post abolished
Preceded by
new creation
Subadar Nawab of Oudh
1753–1754
(2nd time)
Succeeded by