Abul Mansur Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan (c. 1708 – 5 October 1754), better known as Safdar Jang, was a major figure at the Mughal court during the declining years of the Mughal empire. He became the second Nawab Vazier of Awadh when he succeeded Saadat Ali Khan I (his maternal uncle and father-in-law) in 1739. All future Nawabs of Oudh were male line descendants of Safdar Jung.
Nawab of Oudh
Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik
Subedar of Kashmir, Agra & Oudh
|Reign||19 March 1739 – 5 October 1754|
|Predecessor||Saadat Ali Khan I|
Abul Mansur Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan Safdar Jang
|Died||5 October 1754 (aged 45–46)|
|Buried||Safdar Jang's Tomb, Safdar Jung road, New Delhi|
|Noble family||Nishapuri Branch of the Kara Koyunlu|
|Spouse(s)||Amat Jahan Begum|
|Father||Siyadat Khan [Mirza Ja’afar Khan Beg]|
|Service/||Nawab of Awadh|
He was a descendant of Qara Yusuf from the Kara Koyunlu. In 1739, he succeeded his father-in-law and maternal uncle, Burhan-ul-Mulk Saadat Ali Khan I to the throne of Oudh and ruled from 19 March 1739 to 5 October 1754.. The Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah gave him the title of "Safdar Jang".
Safdar Jang was an able administrator. He was not only effective in keeping control of Oudh, but also managed to render valuable assistance to the weakened Emperor Muhammad Shah. He was soon given governorship of Kashmir as well, and became a central figure at the Delhi court. During the later years of Muhammad Shah, he gained complete control of administration over the whole Mughal Empire. When Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the throne at Delhi in 1748, Safdar Jung became his Wazir-ul-Mumalik-i-Hindustan or Prime Minister of Hindustan. He was also made the governor of Ajmer and became the "Faujdar" of Narnaul. However, court politics eventually overtook him and he was dismissed in 1753. He returned to Oudh in December 1753 and selected Faizabad as his military headquarter and administrative capital. He died in October 1754 at the age of 46 years in Sultanpur near Faizabad.
- Title after death.
- HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh) a princely State of India by Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui
- "Safdar Jang Tomb Garden". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
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