The 1620s decade ran from January 1, 1620, to December 31, 1629.

March 22, 1622: Jamestown massacre.

Events

1620

 
November 21: The Mayflower arrives at Cape Cod.

January–MarchEdit

  • January 3 – A fleet of Spanish ships, commanded by Lorenzo de Zuazola to travel to the Philippines, runs into a violent storm after its departure from Cadiz, with the loss of many lives, including Zuazola. [1]
  • January 7Ben Jonson's play News from the New World Discovered in the Moon is given its first performance, a presentation to King James I of England. In addition to dialogue about actual observations made by telescope of the Moon, the play includes a fanciful discussion of a lunar civilization a dance by the "Volatees", the lunar race. [2]
  • January 22 – In France, Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes and his wife, the Duchess Marie de Rohan, sign a marriage contract on behalf of their one-year-old daughter to be engaged to the year-old son of Charles, Duke of Guise. [3]
  • January 26Karan Singh II becomes the new ruler of the Kingdom of Mewar (in what is now the state of Rajasthan in India) upon the death of his father, the Maharana Amar Singh I.
  • February 4 – Prince Bethlen Gabor signs a peace treaty with Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • March 22 – King Karma Phuntsok Namgyal of Tibet dies of smallpox after a reign of less than two years, after Ngawang Namgyal of Bhutan casts a tantric spell over him. [4]
  • March 24 – English sailor Owen Fitzpen is captured by Turkish pirates while on a trading voyage in the Mediterranean Sea and sold into slavery. He remains a slave in North Africa for seven years until he and 10 other slaves are able to take over a Turkish ship and sail back to Europe.

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

OngoingEdit

1621

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1622

January–MayEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1623

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1624

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1625

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1626

 
July 30: Naples earthquake.

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1627

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1628

January–MarchEdit

  • January 19 – (26 Jumada al-Awwal 1037 A.H.) The reign of Salef-ud-din Muhammad Shahryar as the Mughal Emperor, Shahryar Mirza, comes to an end a little more than two months after the November 7 death of his father, Jahangir, as Sharyar's older brother, Shihab defeats him in battle. Prince Shihab-ud-Din Muhammad Khurram takes the name Shah Jahan and sentences Shahryar and other members of the court to death.
  • January 23 – After being incarcerated and blinded on orders of his brother, former Mughal Emperor Shahryar Mirza is put to death, along with his nephews, co-ruler Dawar Bakhsh, and Princes Garshasp, Tahmuras and Hoshang.
  • February 3 – In what is now the South American nation of Chile, the indigenous Mapuche lay siege to the Spanish colonial settlement of Nacimiento. The Spnaish captain and a force of 40 men are able to hold out until reinforcements arrive two days later, but the attackers take muskets and two cannons.
  • February 5 – The Chongzhen Era begins in Ming dynasty China after the October 2 ascension of Zhu Youjian, the Chongzhen Emperor, on the first day of the Chinese New Year, and the Tianqi era formally ends.
  • February 10 – King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden issues an order bringing an end to the "foolishness and insanity" ("dårskap och galenskap") of religious visionary Margareta i Kumla, prohibiting Swedes from making pilgrimages to see her on pain of imprisonment, and threatening her with incarceration if she continues to preach about her visions from the angels.
  • February 14 – The coronation of Shah Jahan as ruler of the Mughal Empire takes place in Agra.
  • March 1 – Writs issued in February, by King Charles I, require every county in England (not just seaport towns) to pay ship tax by this date.
  • March 17Oliver Cromwell makes his first appearance in the English Parliament, as Member for Huntingdon.

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

1629

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

UndatedEdit

Significant peopleEdit

In fictionEdit

Births

1620

1621

1622

1623

1624

1625

1626

1627

1628

1629

Deaths

1620

1621

 
Servant of God Ana de Jesús

1622

1623

1624

1625

1626

1627

1628

1629


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Newsome Crossley, Hernando de Los Ríos Coronel and the Spanish Philippines in the Golden Age (Ashgate Publishing, 2011) p. 162
  2. ^ Julie Sanders, Ben Jonson's Theatrical Republics (Palgrave Macmillan, 1998)
  3. ^ Sharon Kettering, Power and Reputation at the Court of Louis XIII: The Career of Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes (1578–1621) (Manchester University Press, 2008) pp.91-92
  4. ^ Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, One Hundred Thousand Moons (Leiden 2010) p.333
  5. ^ Worden, Nigel; Van Heyningen, Elizabeth; Bickford-Smith, Vivian (1998). Cape Town – the Making of a City: an Illustrated Social History. ISBN 9065501614. Retrieved 2007-11-22.
  6. ^ a b c d e Ames, Azel (1901). The May-Flower and Her Log. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  7. ^ National History of France. AMS Press. 1967. p. 22.
  8. ^ YLE: Kokkolan perustajasta puuveistos Suntin varteen (in Finnish)
  9. ^ Historia - Kokkola (in Finnish)
  10. ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  11. ^ Pierre Crabitès (1936). Beneš, Statesman of Central Europe. Coward-McCann, Incorporated. p. 7.
  12. ^ "Chronology of Early New England, 1602–1620". Virtual Jamestown. Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  13. ^ Stith, William (1747). The History of Virginia. Virginia: Reprint Company. p. Book 4, Page 182. ISBN 9780871520265. Retrieved 2022-09-10.
  14. ^ Stratton, J. M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.
  15. ^ "Mirror of the Cruel and Horrible Spanish Tyranny Perpetrated in the Netherlands, by the Tyrant, the Duke of Alba, and Other Commanders of King Philip II". World Digital Library. 1620. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  16. ^ Philbrick, Nathaniel (2006). Mayflower: A Story of Community, Courage and War. New York: Penguin Books. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-14-311197-9.
  17. ^ Claudio Monteverdi (31 October 1980). The Letters of Claudio Monteverdi. Cambridge University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-521-23591-4.
  18. ^ "Kojamo-veistos yhdistää asiat, joista 400-vuotias Tornio elää: teräksen ja lohen – tutkija listaa 5 tapahtumaa, jotka ovat muuttaneet kaupunkia". YLE (in Finnish). May 12, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  19. ^ Nelson Greene (1931). History of the Valley of the Hudson: River of Destiny, 1609-1930. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 215.
  20. ^ a b Stanisław Żółkiewski (1959). Expedition to Moscow: A Memoir. Polonica Publications. p. 34.
  21. ^ George Sarton (1936). A Volume of Studies on the History of Mathematics and the History of Science: Presented to Professor David Eugene Smith on His 76th Birthday (Jan. 21, 1936). Saint Catherine Press Limited. pp. 724–725.
  22. ^ Maurice Willmore Barley; Council for British Archaeology (1977). European towns: their archaeology and early history. Published for the Council for British Archaeology by Academic Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-12-078850-7.
  23. ^ Zaide, Gregorio (1949). Philippine Political and Cultural History: The Philippines Since Pre-Spanish Times. Vol. 1. Manila: R.P. Garcia Publishing Company. p. 348.
  24. ^ de Pablo, José (28 February 2017). "Canonization of St Ignatius of Loyola and St Francis Xavier". Jesuit Conference of European Provincials. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Powhatan Uprising of 1622". HistoryNet. 2006-06-12. p. 190. Retrieved 2021-05-15.
  26. ^ George Gajecky; Oleksander Baran (1969). The Cossacks in the Thirty Years War. PP. Basiliani. p. 65.
  27. ^ R J Knecht (9 January 2014). Richelieu. Routledge. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-1-317-87455-3.
  28. ^ Jack A. Clarke (29 June 2013). Huguenot Warrior: The Life and Times of Henri de Rohan, 1579–1638. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 107–. ISBN 978-94-017-1798-4.
  29. ^ Sédir, Paul (1972). Les Rose-Croix. Paris. pp. 65–66.
  30. ^ Geoffrey Parker, The Thirty Years' War (Taylor & Francis, 2006) p. 59
  31. ^ "Timeline". Historic Jamestowne.
  32. ^ "Powhatan Uprising of 1622", historynet.com
  33. ^ "Historical Events for Year 1623". OnThisDay.com. 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  34. ^ Charles Edward Banks, The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Genealogical Publishing Co., 2006) p. 169
  35. ^ Love, William DeLoss (1895). The fast and thanksgiving days of New England. Cambridge, Mass.: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Retrieved 2023-01-13.
  36. ^ "Troubles with Little James: Edward Winslow’s depositions at High Court of Admiralty", by Caleb Johnson, in The Mayflower Quarterly (March 2011) p. 51
  37. ^ Irene A. Bierman; Rifaʻat Ali Abou-El-Haj; Donald Preziosi (1991). The Ottoman City and Its Parts: Urban Structure and Social Order. A.D. Caratzas. p. 241. ISBN 978-0-89241-473-4.
  38. ^ Walsham, Alexandra (1994). "Fatal Vespers". Past & Present (144): 36–87. doi:10.1093/past/144.1.36.
  39. ^ The earlier date is that on which "Copies as are not formerly entred [sic.] to other men" are entered in the Stationers' Register; the later is the first recorded purchase – of two copies at £1 each by antiquarian Sir Edward Dering. Sotheby's. The Shakespeare First Folio, 1623: The Dr. Williams's Library Copy, 13 July 2006; "Three Issues" p. 26; auction catalogue research by Peter Selley and Dr. Peter Beal.
  40. ^ Savona-Ventura, Charles (2015). Knight Hospitaller Medicine in Malta [1530–1798]. Self-published. p. 224. ISBN 9781326482220.
  41. ^ Ferrand, Jacques. Maladie d'amour ou Mélancolie érotique.
  42. ^ Gary João de Pina-Cabral, Between China and Europe: person, culture and emotion in Macao (Berg Publishers, 2002) p. 114
  43. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p29
  44. ^ Richard Bonney (1981). The King's Debts: Finance and Politics in France 1589-1661. Clarendon Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-19-822563-8.
  45. ^ Trevor Howard Howard-Hill (1995). Middleton's "Vulgar Pasquin": Essays on A Game at Chess. University of Delaware Press. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-87413-534-3.
  46. ^ Tim McCann, Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century (Sussex Record Society, 2004) pp.xxxiii–xxxiv
  47. ^ Cornelius Wessels, Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia, 1603-1721 (Martinus Nijhoff, 1924) p. 63
  48. ^ Stephen Gaukroger, Descartes: An Intellectual Biography (Clarendon Press, 1995) p. 136
  49. ^ "Rene Descartes". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
  50. ^ Professor of History Mordechai Feingold; Mordechai Feingold (9 February 1984). The Mathematician's Apprenticeship: Science, Universities and Society in England 1560-1640. CUP Archive. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-521-25133-4.
  51. ^ Wallace Collection, London.
  52. ^ David Williamson (1986). Debrett's Kings and Queens of Britain. Salem House. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-88162-213-3.
  53. ^ "Marabda, Battle of (1625)", in Historical Dictionary of Georgia, by Alexander Mikaberidze (Rowman & Littlefield, 2015) p. 454
  54. ^ "Iranian Conflict 1609-25", in Early Modern Wars 1500–1775, ed. by Dennis Showalter (Amber Books Ltd, 2013)
  55. ^ Milton, Giles (2005). White Gold. Hodder & Stoughton.
  56. ^ Matar, Nabil (1998). Islam in Britain, 1558-1685. Cambridge University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-521-62233-2.
  57. ^ Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1625". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
  58. ^ "The Battery Highlights : New York City Gov Parks". nycgovparks.org. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
  59. ^ Wheeler, M.Inst.C.E, William Henry (1896). A History of the Fens of South Lincolnshire, being a description of the rivers Witham and Welland and their estuary, and an account of the Reclamation, Drainage, and Enclosure of the fens adjacent thereto. (2nd ed.). J.M. Newcombe (Boston), Simpkin, Marshall & Co. (London). p. 31. doi:10.1680/ahotfosl2e.50358.
  60. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 248–253. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  61. ^ Eugene M. Waith (1988). Patterns and Perspectives in English Renaissance Drama. University of Delaware Press. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-87413-325-7.
  62. ^ "Solving a Mystery of 400 Years - An Explanation to the "explosion" in Downtown Beijing in the Year of 1626 - Research Paper". www.allbestessays.com. Archived from the original on 2018-09-19. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  63. ^ "The Parliament of 1626". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 2019-03-31.
  64. ^ Theodore Ayrault Dodge (1890). Gustavus Adolphus: A History of the Art of War from Its Revival After the Middle Ages to the End of the Spanish Succession War... Houghton, Mifflin. p. 1.
  65. ^ From P. Schagen letter dated November 7.
  66. ^ a b Sen, Rajendra Kumar (1923). A Treatise on Influenza: With Special Reference to the Pandemic of 1918. p. 7.
  67. ^ Annals of Medical History. P.B. Hoeber. 1933. p. 537.
  68. ^ Champlain describes the construction in one of his journals.
  69. ^ Rantoul, Robert S.; Chapman, William O. (1922). Old-time ships of Salem. Essex Institute.
  70. ^ Iisalmi: Historia (in Finnish)
  71. ^ A. Lloyd Moote (8 August 1991). Louis XIII, the Just. University of California Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-520-07546-7.
  72. ^ The Cambridge Modern History, Volume IV: The Thirty Years's War (The University Press, Cambridge, 1906) pp. 107-108
  73. ^ Mortimer Jerome Adler (1971). Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. Merriam-Webster. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-87779-081-5.
  74. ^ Mack P. Holt (19 October 1995). The French Wars of Religion, 1562-1629. Cambridge University Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-521-35873-6.
  75. ^ a b Higginson, Thomas (1891). Life of Francis Higginson, First Minister in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Makers of America. New York: Dodd, Mead, & Co. p. 69. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  76. ^ Blainey, Geoffrey (1966). The Tyranny of Distance. Melbourne: Sun Books. p. 5. ISBN 0-7251-0019-2.
  77. ^ "Leigh Rayment's list of baronets". Archived from the original on 21 October 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  78. ^ a b "Popes & Patriarchs, Rome, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Alexandria, Antioch, etc". Archived from the original on 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  79. ^ "Freedoms, as Given by the Council of the Nineteen of the Chartered West India Company to All those who Want to Establish a Colony in New Netherland". World Digital Library. 1630. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  80. ^ Wolfson, Susan J., ed. (2000). Felicia Hemans. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 416–417. ISBN 978-0-691-05029-4.
  81. ^ Hugh Chisholm; James Louis Garvin (1926). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature & General Information. Encyclopædia Britannica Company, Limited. p. 216.
  82. ^ Beatrice Saunders (1959). Portraits of Genius. J. Murray. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7195-1215-5.
  83. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Incorporated. 2002. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-7172-0135-8.
  84. ^ Pavel, Lilia Zabolotnaia (2012). "The Story of the Courtship of Catherine 'the Circassian', the Second Wife of the Prince Vasile Lupu" (PDF). Codrul Cosminului. 18 (1): 43–50. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-10-09. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  85. ^ Andrew Marvell, Poet & Politician, 1621-78: An Exhibition to Commemorate the Tercentenary of His Death, British Library Reference Division, 14 July-1 October 1978. British Museum Publications for the British Library. 1978. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7141-0395-2.
  86. ^ a b Adolphus William Ward (1949). The Cambridge history of English literature: From the beginnings to the cycles of romance. CUP Archive. p. 37.
  87. ^ Marie Odile Sweetser (1987). La Fontaine. Twayne Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8057-6639-4.
  88. ^ Lund, Emil Ferdinand Svitzer (1897). "Leonora Christina, Grevinde Ulfeld". Danske malede portraetter: en beskrivende katalog (in Danish). Vol. 2. Copenhagen: Gyldendal. pp. 193–203.
  89. ^ "First baby beaver born on Exmoor in 400 years". BBC News. July 13, 2021.
  90. ^ "Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé | French general and prince". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  91. ^ Tracey Hill, Pageantry and Power: A Cultural History of the Early Modern Lord Mayor's Show, 1585–1639 (Manchester, 2017), p. 312.
  92. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc (1 October 1990). Gateway to the Great Books. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-59339-221-5.
  93. ^ Academic American Encyclopedia. Grolier. 1993. p. 297. ISBN 978-0-7172-2047-2.
  94. ^ "Petty, Sir William | Dictionary of Irish Biography". www.dib.ie. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  95. ^ The Assurance Magazine and Journal of the Institute of Actuaries. Charles & Edwin Layton. 1860. p. 209.
  96. ^ SPUMS Journal. South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society. 1999. p. 40.
  97. ^ Michael Levey (1964). The Later Italian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen. Phaidon Publishers. p. 86.
  98. ^ Le comte d'Argenson, 1696-1764: Ministre de Louis XV, Yves Combeau, École nationale des chartes, 1 janv. 1999 - page 26. (in French)
  99. ^ Margaret Atherton (1994). Women Philosophers of the Early Modern Period. Hackett Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 0-87220-259-3.
  100. ^ Friends' Literature Committee (1971). New Appreciations of George Fox; a Tercentenary Collection of Studies. Kennikat Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-8046-1163-3.
  101. ^ Nielsen, J.; Hedeholm, R. B.; Heinemeier, J.; Bushnell, P. G.; Christiansen, J. S.; Olsen, J.; Ramsey, C. B.; Brill, R. W.; Simon, M.; Steffensen, K. F.; Steffensen, J. F. (2016-08-12). "Eye lens radiocarbon reveals centuries of longevity in the Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus)". Science. 353 (6300): 702–704. Bibcode:2016Sci...353..702N. doi:10.1126/science.aaf1703. hdl:2022/26597. PMID 27516602. S2CID 206647043.
  102. ^ Pennisi, Elizabeth (2016-08-11). "Greenland shark may live 400 years, smashing longevity record". Science. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  103. ^ Morelle, Rebecca (2016-08-12). "400-year-old Greenland shark 'longest-living vertebrate'". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  104. ^ David A. Collins (1966). Thomas Corneille: Protean Dramatist. Mouton. p. 14. ISBN 978-3-11-205657-8.
  105. ^ Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen; Rudolf E. O. Ekkart; Quentin Buvelot (1995). Dutch portraits from the seventeenth century. Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen. p. 22. ISBN 978-90-6918-140-0.
  106. ^ Chevalier, Tracy (1997). Encyclopedia of the essay. London Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 764. ISBN 9781884964305.
  107. ^ John Britton (28 August 2014). A Memoir of John Aubrey. Cambridge University Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-108-07344-8.
  108. ^ Brilliana Harley (1854). Letters of the Lady Brilliana Harley, Wife of Sir Robert Harley, of Brampton Bryan, Knight of the Bath. Camden Society. p. xx.
  109. ^ David Mason Greene; Constance Green (1985). Greene's Biographical Encyclopedia of Composers. Reproducing Piano Roll Fnd. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-385-14278-6.
  110. ^ Robert William Ramsey (1935). Richard Cromwell: Protector of England. Longmans, Green. p. 3.
  111. ^ "Robert Boyle | Biography, Contributions, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  112. ^ Debrett's Genealogical Peerage of Great Britain and Ireland. London. 1847. p. 422 (Earl of Ilchester).
  113. ^ James David Draper; Augustin Pajou; Guilhem Scherf; Musée du Louvre (1997). Augustin Pajou: Royal Sculptor, 1730-1809. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-87099-840-9.
  114. ^ "Fagg, John". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  115. ^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHamilton, Thomas (1889). "Flavel, John (1630?-1691)". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 19. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  116. ^ Jane Bingham (1988). Writers for Children: Critical Studies of Major Authors Since the Seventeenth Century. Scribner's. p. 431. ISBN 978-0-684-18165-3.
  117. ^ Edwin Clarke; Charles Donald O'Malley (1996). The Human Brain and Spinal Cord: A Historical Study Illustrated by Writings from Antiquity to the Twentieth Century. Norman Publishing. p. 416. ISBN 978-0-930405-25-0.
  118. ^ Samuel J. Rogal (1991). Calendar of Literary Facts: A Daily and Yearly Guide to Noteworthy Events in World Literature from 1450 to the Present. Gale Research. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-8103-2943-0.
  119. ^ Klaas Van Berkel; Albert Van Helden; L. C. Palm (1999). The History of Science in the Netherlands: Survey, Themes and Reference. BRILL. p. 479. ISBN 90-04-10006-7.
  120. ^ Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research. Longmans, Green. 1931. p. 189.
  121. ^ "Thomas Campion | English poet and musician". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  122. ^ William Corr (1995). Adams the Pilot: The Life and Times of Captain William Adams, 1564-1620. Routledge. p. 166. ISBN 978-1-873410-44-8.
  123. ^ Inachim, Kyra (2008). "Herrschaft der letzten Greifengeneration". Die Geschichte Pommerns (in German). Rostock: Hinstorff. ISBN 978-3-356-01044-2.
  124. ^ "PICKERING, Christopher (c.1556-1621), of Threlkeld, Cumb.; later of Ormside alias Prinshead, Westmld". History of Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  125. ^ Kenneth Meyer Setton (1991). Venice, Austria, and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century. American Philosophical Society. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-87169-192-7.
  126. ^ Selma Jeanne Cohen; George E. Dorris (1998). International Encyclopedia of Dance: A Project of Dance Perspectives Foundation, Inc. Oxford University Press. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-19-512309-8.
  127. ^ "Cosimo II | grand duke of Tuscany | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  128. ^ Frederick Charles Danvers (1988). The Portuguese in India: Being a History of the Rise and Decline of Their Eastern Empire. Asian Educational Services. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-206-0391-2.
  129. ^ "John Barclay | Scottish writer | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  130. ^ Pearl Hogrefe (1977). Women of Action in Tudor England: Nine Biographical Sketches. Iowa State University Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-8138-0910-6.
  131. ^ Jennifer Speake (2003). Literature of Travel and Exploration: A to F. Taylor & Francis. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-57958-425-2.
  132. ^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hawkins, Sir Richard". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 99.
  133. ^ Spinola, Fabio Ambrosio (1628). Vita del P. Carlo Spinola della Compagnia di Giesù morto per la santa fede nel Giappone. Rome: Francesco Corbelletti.
  134. ^ Philip Molhuysen, ed. (1911). Nieuw Nederlandsch biografisch woordenboek (in Dutch). A. W. Sijthoff's uitgevers-maatschappij.
  135. ^ "SAVILE, George I (1551-1622), of Lupset, Yorks. and Barrowby, Lincs". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  136. ^ "The Life Story of St. Francis de Sales". Salesians of Don Bosco in the United States (USA West Province). Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  137. ^ Thomas Birch (1970). Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth: From the Year 1581 Till Her Death ... Ams Press. p. 64.
  138. ^ Edmund H. Fellowes (1948). William Byrd. Oxford University Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-19-315204-5.
  139. ^ James Howell (1892). Epistolae Ho-Elianae: The Familiar Letters of James Howell, Historiographer Royal to Charles II. D. Nutt. p. 731.
  140. ^ Samuel Schoenbaum (1991). Shakespeare's Lives. Clarendon Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-19-818618-2.
  141. ^ Louis Shores (1963). Collier's Encyclopedia: With Bibliography and Index. Crowell-Collier Publishing Company. p. 628.
  142. ^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mornay, Philippe de". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 848–849.
  143. ^ Daniel Martin Ernst Kirchner: The Electors and queens on the throne of the Hohenzollerns, Wiegandt & Greaves, 1867, p. 30
  144. ^ Anne MacNeil (2003). Music and Women of the Commedia dell' Arte. Oxford University Press. p. 48. ISBN 9780198166894.
  145. ^ Henry Wyles Cushman (1855). A Historical and Biographical Genealogy of the Cushmans: The Descendants of Robert Cushman, the Puritan, from the Year 1617 to 1855. Little, Brown. p. 77. ISBN 9780608319926.
  146. ^ "James I and VI". BBC History. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  147. ^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Fowns, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  148. ^ Diana Poulton (1 January 1982). John Dowland. University of California Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-520-04649-8.
  149. ^ "Francis Bacon | Biography, Philosophy, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  150. ^ "Howard, Thomas (1561-1626)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  151. ^ Hay, Millicent (1984). The life of Robert Sidney, Earl of Leicester (1563-1626. Washington D.C: Folger Shakespeare Library. p. 229. ISBN 9780918016706.
  152. ^ Leonie James (2017). 'This Great Firebrand': William Laud and Scotland, 1617-1645. Boydell & Brewer. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-78327-219-8.
  153. ^ Riemer, Otto. Schadaeus, Abraham. Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press.
  154. ^ "Davies, John (1569-1626), of the Middle Temple, London and Englefield, Berks". History of Parliament online. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  155. ^ Dictionary of National Biography
  156. ^ Hugh Chisholm; James Louis Garvin (1926). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature & General Information. Encyclcopædia Britannica. p. 234.
  157. ^ Joseph Detheridge (1972). Chronology of Music Composers: 820 to 1810. Scholarly Pres. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-403-01390-6.
  158. ^ Paul Chappell (1970). A Portrait of John Bull, C. 1563-1628. Hereford Cathedral. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-9501011-2-5.
  159. ^ Ronald H. Fritze; William B. Robison (1996). Historical Dictionary of Stuart England, 1603-1689. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 538. ISBN 978-0-313-28391-8.
  160. ^ "Hieronymus Praetorius" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie. 20 vol. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 1980. ISBN 1-56159-174-2
  161. ^ Claudio Monteverdi (31 October 1980). The Letters of Claudio Monteverdi. Cambridge University Press. p. 362. ISBN 978-0-521-23591-4.