Jumada al-Awwal (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ ٱلْأَوَّل, romanized: Jumādā al-ʾAwwal, lit. 'The initial Jumada'), also known as Jumada al-Ula (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ ٱلْأُولَىٰ, romanized: Jumādā al-ʾŪlā, lit. 'The first Jumada'), or Jumada I, is the fifth month of the Islamic calendar. Jumada al-Awwal spans 29 or 30 days. The origin of the month's name is theorized by some as coming from the word jamād (Arabic: جماد), meaning "arid, dry, or cold", denoting the dry and parched land and hence the dry months of the pre-Islamic Arabian calendar. Jumādā (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ) may also be related to a verb meaning "to freeze", and another account relates that water would freeze during this time of year. The secondary name Jumādā al-Ūlā may possibly mean "to take charge with, commend, entrust, commit or care during the arid or cold month". However, this explanation is rejected by some as Jumada al-Awwal is a lunar month that does not coincide with seasons as solar months do.
|Native name||جُمَادَىٰ ٱلْأَوَّل (Arabic)|
|Number of days||29-30 (depends on actual observation of the moon's crescent)|
In the Ottoman Turkish language used in the Ottoman Empire, the name of the month was Jèmāzìyyu-'l-èvvel, or G̃émazi lèlèvvèl. In Turkish, it was abbreviated Jā, or G̃a. In Turkish today the spelling is Cemaziyelevvel.
The Islamic calendar is a purely lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Jumada al-Awwal migrates backwards throughout the seasons in a cycle of about 33 solar years. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Awwal are as follows (based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia):
|AH||First day (CE/AD)||Last day (CE/AD)|
|1442||16 December 2020||13 January 2021|
|1443||5 December 2021||3 January 2022|
|1444||25 November 2022||24 December 2022|
|1445||15 November 2023||13 December 2023|
|1446||3 November 2024||2 December 2024|
- On 5 Jumada al-Awwal, Zainab bint Ali was born.
- On 8th Jumada al-Awwal, URS Sayyid Amir al-Kulal Amir Kulal.
- On 10 Jumada al-Awwal 11 AH, Fatima bint Muhammad (Fatima al-Zahra) beloved daughter of Prophet Muhammad died in Medina at the young age of 23 years according to Sunni Muslim sources.
- On 13 Jumada al-Awwal 11 AH, Fatima bint Muhammad was buried by her husband Ali.
- On 15 Jumada al-Awwal, Ali ibn Husayn (Zayn al-Abideen) was born.
- On 20 Jumada al-Awwal 857, Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople.
- ^ a b Günel, Fuat (1993). "CEMÂZİYELEVVEL - An article published in Turkish Encyclopedia of Islam". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam (in Turkish). Vol. 7 (Cafer es-Sadik - Çiftçilik). p. 319. ISBN 978-97-53-89434-0.
- ^ a b Redhouse, J.W. (1880). REDHOUSE'S TURKISH DICTIONARY. p. 513.
- ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 177.
- ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 170.
- ^ Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia