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Jumada al-Thani (Arabic: جمادى الثاني‎, also transliterated Ǧumādā aṮ-Ṯānī, IPA: [d͡ʒʊˈmæːdæ θˈθæːniː]; also pronounced Ǧamādā aṮ-Ṯānī, IPA: [d͡ʒæˈmæːdæ θˈθæːniː]) is the sixth month in the Islamic Calendar.

It is also known as Jumaada al-Akhir and Jumada al-Akhira (جمادى الآخر, also transliterated Ǧumādā al-ʾĀḫir/jumādā al-āḵir, IPA: [d͡ʒʊˈmæːdæ lˈʔæːxɪr]; also pronounced Ǧamādā alʾĀḫir/jamādā al-āḵir, IPA: [d͡ʒæˈmæːdæ lˈʔæːxɪr]).

This is the sixth month of the Islamic calendar. The origin of the word is as follows: the word Jumda, from which the name of the month is derived, is used to denote dry parched land: land devoid of rain, and hence denote the dry months.

In Turkish, used in the Ottoman Empire times and context, it was Jèmāzìyyu-'l-ākhir,[1] or G̃emazi-yèl-Aher.[2] Its Turkish abbreviation was jìm,[1] and its Latin abbreviation was Djem. II.[3] This is also spelled Cümadelahir[4] or (cümâd-el-âhire).[citation needed] The modern Turkish spellings are Cemaziyelahir and Cemaziyelsani.

TimingEdit

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Jumada al-Thani migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Thani are as follows (based on the Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia[5]):

Jumada al-Thani dates between 2018 and 2023
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1439 17 February 2018 17 March 2018
1440 06 February 2019 07 March 2019
1441 26 January 2020 24 February 2020
1442 14 January 2021 12 February 2021
1443 04 January 2022 01 February 2022
1444 25 December 2022 22 January 2023

Islamic EventsEdit

HadithEdit

In Islamic eschatology:

  • Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet said:

    There will be an Ayah (sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal & Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[6][not specific enough to verify]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Redhouse, J.W. (1880). REDHOUSE'S TURKISH DICTIONARY. p. 513.
  2. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 177. - Alternate link at the National Library of France
  3. ^ Young, George (1905). Corps de droit ottoman; recueil des codes, lois, règlements, ordonnances et actes les plus importants du droit intérieur, et d'études sur le droit coutumier de l'Empire ottoman (in French). 1. Clarendon Press. p. 86.. Young states "Djem. II 1281" is equivalent to "November 1864", which means he is referring to Cümadelahir a.k.a. Jumada al-Thani.
  4. ^ Akiba, Jun. "From Kadı to Naib: Reorganization of the Ottoman Sharia Judiciary in the Tanzimat Period". In Imer, Colin; Keiko Kiyotaki (eds.). Frontiers of Ottoman Studies. 1. London/New York: I.B. Tauris. p. 43. ISBN 9781850436317. - CITED: p. 59 // Old ISBN: 1850436312 // Akiba states "Cümadelahir 1281" is equivalent to "November 1864", which means he is referring to Cümadelahir a.k.a. Jumada al-Thani.
  5. ^ Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia
  6. ^ Al-Haakim, Naim ibn Hammad, Kitab Al-Fitan

External linksEdit