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Jumada al-Thani (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ ٱلثَّانِي, romanized: Jumādā ath-Thānī, lit. 'The second Jumada') also known as Jumada al-Akhirah (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ ٱلْآخِرَة, romanized: Jumādā al-ʾĀkhirah, lit. 'The final Jumada'), Jumada al-Akhir (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ ٱلْآخِر, romanized: Jumādā al-ʾĀkhir), or Jumada II is the sixth month in the Islamic Calendar. The word Jumda (Arabic: جمد), from which the name of the month is derived, is used to denote dry parched land, a land devoid of rain, and hence denote the dry months. Jumādā (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ) may also be related to a verb meaning "to freeze" and another account relates that water would freeze during this time of year.
In Turkish, used in the Ottoman Empire times and context, it was Jèmāzìyyu-'l-ākhir, or G̃emazi-yèl-Aher. Its Turkish abbreviation was jìm', and its Latin abbreviation was Djem. II. This is also spelled Cümadelahir or (cümâd-el-âhire). The modern Turkish spellings are Cemaziyelahir and Cemaziyelsani.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Jumada al-Thani migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Thani are as follows (based on the Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia):
|AH||First day (CE/AD)||Last day (CE/AD)|
|1439||17 February 2018||17 March 2018|
|1440||6 February 2019||7 March 2019|
|1441||26 January 2020||24 February 2020|
|1442||14 January 2021||12 February 2021|
|1443||4 January 2022||1 February 2022|
|1444||25 December 2022||22 January 2023|
- 03 Jumada al-Thaniyah, death of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah in 11 AH
- 03 Jumada al-Thaniyah, death of Harun al Rashid, fifth Abbasid Caliph
- 10 Jhelloda al-Thaniyah, victory to Ali in the Battle of Bassorah (Jamal)
- 13 Jumada al-Thaniyah, death of Umm al-Banin (mother of Abbas ibn Ali)
- 20 Jumada al-Thaniyah, birth of Muhammad's daughter - Fatima Zahra
- 22 Jumada al-Thaniyah, death of Caliph Abu Bakr
- In 8 AH, Dhat as-Salasil
- 25 Jumada al-Thaniyah, 564, Salah al-Din became amir of Egypt
- Redhouse, J.W. (1880). REDHOUSE'S TURKISH DICTIONARY. p. 513.
- Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 177. - Alternate link at the National Library of France
- Young, George (1905). Corps de droit ottoman; recueil des codes, lois, règlements, ordonnances et actes les plus importants du droit intérieur, et d'études sur le droit coutumier de l'Empire ottoman (in French). 1. Clarendon Press. p. 86.. Young states "Djem. II 1281" is equivalent to "November 1864", which means he is referring to Cümadelahir a.k.a. Jumada al-Thani.
- Akiba, Jun. "From Kadı to Naib: Reorganization of the Ottoman Sharia Judiciary in the Tanzimat Period". In Imer, Colin; Keiko Kiyotaki (eds.). Frontiers of Ottoman Studies. 1. London/New York: I.B. Tauris. p. 43. ISBN 9781850436317. - CITED: p. 59 // Akiba states "Cümadelahir 1281" is equivalent to "November 1864", which means he is referring to Cümadelahir a.k.a. Jumada al-Thani.
- Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia