This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Jumada al-Thani (Arabic: جمادى الثاني, also transliterated Ǧumādā aṮ-Ṯānī, IPA: [d͡ʒʊˈmæːdæ θˈθæːniː]; also pronounced Ǧamādā aṮ-Ṯānī, IPA: [d͡ʒæˈmæːdæ θˈθæːniː]) is the sixth month in the Islamic Calendar.
It is also known as Jumaada al-Akhir and Jumada al-Akhira (جمادى الآخر, also transliterated Ǧumādā al-ʾĀḫir/jumādā al-āḵir, IPA: [d͡ʒʊˈmæːdæ lˈʔæːxɪr]; also pronounced Ǧamādā alʾĀḫir/jamādā al-āḵir, IPA: [d͡ʒæˈmæːdæ lˈʔæːxɪr]).
This is the sixth month of the Islamic calendar. The origin of the word is as follows: the word Jumda, from which the name of the month is derived, is used to denote dry parched land: land devoid of rain, and hence denote the dry months.
In Turkish, used in the Ottoman Empire times and context, it was Jèmāzìyyu-'l-ākhir, or G̃emazi-yèl-Aher. Its Turkish abbreviation was jìm, and its Latin abbreviation was Djem. II. This is also spelled Cümadelahir or (cümâd-el-âhire). The modern Turkish spellings are Cemaziyelahir and Cemaziyelsani.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Jumada al-Thani migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Thani are as follows (based on the Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia):
|AH||First day (CE/AD)||Last day (CE/AD)|
|1439||17 February 2018||17 March 2018|
|1440||6 February 2019||7 March 2019|
|1441||26 January 2020||24 February 2020|
|1442||14 January 2021||12 February 2021|
|1443||4 January 2022||1 February 2022|
|1444||25 December 2022||22 January 2023|
- 03 Jumada al-thani, death of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah in 11 AH
- 03 Jumada al-thani, death of Harun al Rashid, fifth Abbasid Caliph
- 10 Jumada al-thani, victory to Ali in the Battle of Bassorah (Jamal)
- 13 Jumada al-thani, death of Umm ul-Banin (mother of Abbas ibn Ali)
- 20 Jumada al-thani, birth of Muhammad's daughter - Fatima Zahra
- 22 Jumada al-thani, death of Caliph Abu Bakr
- In 8 AH, Dhat as-Salasil
- 25 Jumada al-thani, 564, Salah al-Din became amir of Egypt
- Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet said:
There will be an Ayah (sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal & Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[not specific enough to verify]
- Redhouse, J.W. (1880). REDHOUSE'S TURKISH DICTIONARY. p. 513.
- Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 177. - Alternate link at the National Library of France
- Young, George (1905). Corps de droit ottoman; recueil des codes, lois, règlements, ordonnances et actes les plus importants du droit intérieur, et d'études sur le droit coutumier de l'Empire ottoman (in French). 1. Clarendon Press. p. 86.. Young states "Djem. II 1281" is equivalent to "November 1864", which means he is referring to Cümadelahir a.k.a. Jumada al-Thani.
- Akiba, Jun. "From Kadı to Naib: Reorganization of the Ottoman Sharia Judiciary in the Tanzimat Period". In Imer, Colin; Keiko Kiyotaki (eds.). Frontiers of Ottoman Studies. 1. London/New York: I.B. Tauris. p. 43. ISBN 9781850436317. - CITED: p. 59 // Old ISBN: 1850436312 // Akiba states "Cümadelahir 1281" is equivalent to "November 1864", which means he is referring to Cümadelahir a.k.a. Jumada al-Thani.
- Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia
- Al-Haakim, Naim ibn Hammad, Kitab Al-Fitan