The Duke of Luynes (French: duc de Luynes French: [dyk lɥin]) is a territorial name belonging to the noble French house d'Albert.[1] Luynes is, today, a commune of the Indre-et-Loire département in France.[2][3] The family of Albert, which sprang from Thomas Alberti (died 1455), seigneur de Boussargues, bailli of Viviers and Valence, and viguier of Bagnols[4] and Pont-Saint-Esprit in Languedoc, acquired the estate of Luynes in the 16th century.[1]

History edit

Portrait of the 1st Duke of Luynes, by Frans Pourbus the Younger
Portrait of Louis Charles d'Albert, 2nd Duke of Luynes
Portrait of the 3rd Duke of Luynes, by Hyacinthe Rigaud, 1707
Photograph of Honoré Théodore d'Albert, 8th Duke of Luynes

The grandfather of the first Duke of Luynes was Léon d'Alberti, who changed the family name to Albert and married Jeanne de Ségur of Marseille in 1535. From the marriage he received a dowry of 10,000 livres and the fief of Luynes in today's département Bouches-du-Rhône in Provence. His son Honoré was born five years later. Léon d'Albert died in the Italian Wars.[5]Honoré d'Albert (1540–1592), seigneur de Luynes, was in the service of the three last Valois kings and of Henry IV of France, and became colonel of the French bands, commissary of artillery in Languedoc and governor of Beaucaire.[1] Honoré d'Albert had three sons:

After the death of the first Duke of Luynes in 1621, his widow, Marie de Rohan remarried to Claude of Lorraine, Duke of Chevreuse, from whom she acquired in 1655 the duchy of Chevreuse, which she gave to Louis Charles d'Albert, her son by her first husband, in 1663. From that point forward, the title of Duke of Chevreuse and Duke of Luynes was borne by the eldest sons of the family of Luynes, which also inherited the title of Duke of Chaulnes on the extinction of the descendants of Honoré d'Albert in 1698. The branch of the dukes of Luxemburg-Piney became extinct in 1697.[1][7]

Other notable family members edit

Some other notable family members are:

Several members of the family of Albert were distinguished in letters and science, including Louis Charles d'Albert, 2nd Duke of Luynes, who was an ascetic writer and friend of the Jansenists, and Honoré Theodore d'Albert, 8th Duke of Luynes, who was a writer on archaeology. Others include:[1]

List of Dukes of Luynes edit

List of the Dukes of Luynes since 1619:[12]

Number From To Duke of Luynes Relationship to predecessor
1 1619 1621 Charles d'Albert de Luynes (1578–1621) 1st Duke of Luynes[1]
2 1621 1690 Louis Charles d'Albert de Luynes (1620–1699) Son of the preceding[a]
3 1690 1712 Charles Honoré d'Albert de Luynes (1646–1712) Son of the preceding
4 1712 1758 Charles Philippe d'Albert de Luynes (1695–1758) Grandson of the preceding[b]
5 1758 1771 Marie Charles d'Albert de Luynes (1717–1771) Son of the preceding
6 1771 1807 Louis Joseph Charles Amable d'Albert de Luynes (1748–1807) Son of the preceding
7 1807 1839 Charles Marie d'Albert de Luynes (1783–1839) Son of the preceding
8 1839 1867 Honoré Théodore Paul Joseph d'Albert, duc de Luynes (1803–1867) Son of the preceding
9 1867 1870 Charles Honoré Emmanuel d'Albert de Luynes (1846–1870) Grandson of the preceding
10 1870 1924 Honoré Charles Marie Sosthène d'Albert de Luynes (1868–1924) Son of the preceding
11 1924 1993 Philippe Anne Louis Marie Dieudonné Jean d'Albert (1905–1993) Son of the preceding
12 1993 2008 Jean d'Albert de Luynes (1945–2008) Son of the preceding
13 2008 Incumbent Philippe d'Albert, 13th duc de Luynes (b. 1977) Son of the preceding

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Louis Charles d'Albert de Luynes was the father of Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes, comtesse de Verrue (1670–1736), who is best known today as the mistress of King Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia. Although married to Giuseppe Ignazio Scaglia, Conte di Verua, she had two children with Victor Amadeus II: Maria Vittoria Francesca of Savoy (1690–1766), the Marchioness of Susa who married Victor Amadeus, Prince of Carignan, and Vittorio Francesco Filippo of Savoy (1694-1762), the Marquis of Susa who married Maria Lucrezia Franchi di Pont.[13]
  2. ^ Charles Philippe d'Albert de Luynes, 4th Duke of Luynes (1695–1758) was the eldest son of Honoré Charles d'Albert de Luynes (1669–1704), styled the Duke of Montfort then the Duke of Chevreuse. The 4th Dukes younger brother was the astronomer Paul d'Albert de Luynes (1703–1788), Cardinal and Archbishop of Sens.[12]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Chisholm 1911, p. 147.
  2. ^ Kettering, Sharon (2008). Power and Reputation at the Court of Louis XIII: The Career of Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes (1578–1621). Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-8998-5.
  3. ^ Kettering 2008, p. 100; Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ (in French) Bagnols-sur-Cèze, Gard Provençal
  5. ^ Kettering 2008, p. 10.
  6. ^ Kettering 2008, pp. 100–101.
  7. ^   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Luynes". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 147.
  8. ^ "Paul Cardinal d'Albert de Luynes". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  10. ^ Chevallier, Pierre (1994). Les ducs sous l'acacia: Ou, Les premiers pas de la Franc-Maçonnerie française, 1725-1743 (in French). Geneva: Slatkine. ISBN 9782051013253.
  11. ^ "Chaulnes (Marie-Paule-Angélique d'Albert de Luynes, duchesse de)". Centre de recherche du château de Versailles. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  12. ^ a b Luynes, Charles-Philippe d'Albert duc de (1860). Mémoires du duc de Luynes sur la cour de Louis XV (1735-1758) publiés sous le patronage de M. le duc de Luynes (in French). Firmin Didot frères. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  13. ^ Christopher Storrs, War, Diplomacy and the Rise of Savoy, 1690–1720, (Cambridge University Press, 2004), 196.

Further reading edit

  • Recommended reading (in chronological order) at the end of the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed):
    • Recueil des pieces plus curieuses qui ent este faites pendant le regne du connestable M. de Luynes (2nd ed.). 1624.
    • Le Vassor (1757). Histoire de Louis XIII. Paris.
    • Griffet (1758). Histoire du regne de Louis XIII, roi de France et de Navarre. Paris.
    • V. Cousin (1861–1863). "Le Duc et connetable de Luynes". Journal des savants.
    • B. Zeller (1879). Etudes critiques sur le regne de Louis XIII: le connetable de Luynes, Montauban et la Valteline. Paris.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
    • E. Pavie (1899). La Guerre entre Louis XIII. et Marie de Medicis. Paris.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
    • Lavisse (1905). Histoire de France. Vol. vi.2. Paris. pp. 141–216.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)