Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes
Charles d'Albert, Duke of Luynes (5 August 1578 – Longueville, 15 December 1621) was French courtier and a favourite of Louis XIII, by whom he was made a Peer and Constable of France before dying at the height of his influence.
Charles was brought up at court and attended the dauphin, later Louis XIII. The king shared his fondness for hunting and rapidly advanced him in favour. In 1615 he was appointed commander of the Louvre Palace and counsellor, and the following year Grand Falconer of France. He used his influence over the king in the court intrigues against the queen-mother Marie de' Medici and her favourite Concini. It was Luynes who, with Vitry, captain of the guard, arranged the plot that ended in Concini's assassination (1617) and secured all the latter's possessions in Italy and France.
In the same year he was appointed captain of the Bastille and lieutenant-general of Normandy, and married Marie de Rohan, daughter of the duke of Montbazon. He employed extreme measures against the pamphleteers of the time, but sought peace in Italy and with the Protestants. In 1619 he negotiated the Treaty of Angoulême by which Marie de' Medici was accorded complete liberty. He was made governor of Picardy in 1619; suppressed an uprising of nobles in 1620; and in 1621, with slight military ability or achievement, was appointed constable of France.
His rapid rise to power made him a host of enemies, who looked upon him as but a second Concini. In order to justify his newly-won laurels, Luynes undertook an expedition against the Protestants, but died of a fever, aged 43, in the midst of the campaign, at Longueville in Guienne, on 15 December 1621.
- Recommended reading (in chronological order) at the end of the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed):
- Recueil des pieces plus curieuses qui ent este faites pendant le regne du connestable M. de Luynes (2nd ed.). 1624.
- Le Vassor (1757). Histoire de Louis XIII. Paris.
- Griffet (1758). Histoire du regne de Louis XIII, roi de France et de Navarre. Paris.
- V. Cousin (1861–1863). "Le Duc et connetable de Luynes". Journal des savants.
- B. Zeller (1879). Etudes critiques sur le regne de Louis XIII: le connetable de Luynes, Montauban et la Valteline. Paris.
- E. Pavie (1899). La Guerre entre Louis XIII. et Marie de Medicis. Paris.
- Lavisse (1905). Histoire de France. vi.2. Paris. pp. 141–216.
- Sharon Kettering (2008). Power and Reputation at the Court of Louis XIII: The Career of Charles D'Albert, duc de Luynes. Manchester.