Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (22 June 1583, in Cölln an der Spree – 7 March 1625, in Ansbach) was a German nobleman. He ruled as margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from 1603 to 1625, succeeding his cousin George Frederick and succeeded by his son Frederick III.
|Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach|
|Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach|
|Born||22 June 1583|
Cölln an der Spree
|Died||7 March 1625 (aged 41)|
|Spouse||Sophie of Solms-Laubach|
|Father||John George, Elector of Brandenburg|
|Mother||Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst|
He took over in 1603, the government of the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach, after the old line of Franconian Hohenzollerns died out with the death of George Fredrick the Elder of the Ansbach-Jägerndorf branch. Joachim Ernst founded the younger branch of Ansbach line of the Franconian Hohenzollerns.
His predecessor, George Frederick had settled the succession of his two Franconian possessions (Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Kulmbach) in the House Treaty of Gera of 1598. In accordance with the provisions of this treaty, Margrave Joachim Ernst ruled Brandenburg-Ansbach and his brother Christian ruled neighboring Brandenburg-Kulmbach (Christian later moved his capital to Bayreuth, thereby changing its name to Brandenburg-Bayreuth).
In the religious conflicts of the early 17th Century, Joachim Ernst tended to be in the Protestant-Calvinist camp and he also supported the Dutch struggle for independence. He took an active part in bringing about the Protestant Alliance of the Protestant Union, which was founded in 1608 on his territory, in the secularized monastery at Auhausen, near Nördlingen. The Union was, however, dissolved again in 1621, after the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War, in view of the military superiority of the imperial camp. After the dissolution of the Union, Joachim Ernst was held responsible for the outbreak of war by his Catholic opponents and he then completely distanced himself from his former allies.
Marriage and issueEdit
In 1612, he married Sophie of Solms-Laubach (1594–1651). They had five children:
- Sophie (1614–1646)
- married in 1641 Margrave Erdmann August of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1615–1651)
- Frederick III (1616–1634), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
- Albert (1617)
- Albert II (1620–1667), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
- married firstly in 1642 Princess Henriette Louise of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (1623–1650)
- married secondly in 1651 Countess Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen (1634–1664)
- married thirdly in 1665 Princess Christine of Baden-Durlach (1645–1705)
- Christian (1623–1633)
- HMC Salisbury Hatfield, vol. 15 (London, 1930), p. 236.
- Gerhard Taddey: Lexikon der deutschen Geschichte, Stuttgart, 1998, ISBN 3-520-81303-3
- M. Spindler, A. Kraus: Geschichte Frankens bis zum Ausgang des 18. Jahrhunderts, München, 1997, ISBN 3-406-39451-5
- Hans-Jörg Herold: Markgraf Joachim Ernst von Brandenburg-Ansbach als Reichsfürst, Göttingen, 1973, ISBN 3-525-35872-5 (Issue 10 of the Schriftenreihe der Historischen Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften)
- Theodor Hirsch (1881), "Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), vol. 14, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 91
- Publications by or about Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach at VD 17
- Literature by and about Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach in the German National Library catalogue
- Media related to Joachim Ernst of Brandenburg-Ansbach at Wikimedia Commons