Odoardo Farnese (cardinal)
Odoardo Farnese (6 December 1573 – 21 February 1626) was an Italian nobleman, the second son of Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Maria of Portugal, known for his patronage of the arts. He became a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in 1591, and briefly acted as regent of the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza for his nephew Odoardo from 1622 to 1626.
Cardinal Odoardo is probably best known today for commissioning the Bolognese artist Annibale Carracci to fresco the Camerino in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome. Carracci undertook this from 1595 to 1597, just prior to starting his decoration of the more famous and elaborate Farnese Gallery in the same palace.
The Camerino was Farnese's private study. The subject of the central scene in the ceiling is The Choice of Hercules. The scene is surrounded by a painted frame, an example of quadro riportato, which gives the illusion of a framed oil painting hung on the ceiling when in reality both the scene and its frame were frescoed. This quadro riportato device was brought to fruition by Carracci in the Farnese Gallery a few years later.
In addition, Farnese commissioned various oil paintings from Carracci, including his Rinaldo and Armida now in the Capodimonte Museum in Naples. It was on the recommendation of Carracci that he commissioned Domenichino to fresco the Chapel of St Nilo in the abbey at Grottaferrata. Farnese also commissioned Carracci's Sleeping Venus.
|16. Pope Paul III|
|8. Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma|
|17. Silvia Ruffini|
|4. Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma|
|18. Luigi Orsini|
|9. Girolama Orsini|
|19. Giulia Conti|
|2. Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma|
|20. Philip I of Castile|
|10. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|
|21. Joanna I of Castile|
|5. Margaret of Parma|
|22. Gilles Johann van der Gheynst|
|11. Johanna Maria van der Gheynst|
|23. Johanna van der Caye van Cocambi|
|1. Cardinal Odoardo Farnese|
|24. Fernando, Duke of Viseu|
|12. Manuel I of Portugal|
|25. Beatriz of Portugal|
|6. Duarte, Duke of Guimarães|
|26. Ferdinand II of Aragon|
|13. Maria of Aragon|
|27. Isabella I of Castile|
|3. Maria of Portugal|
|28. Fernando II, Duke of Braganza|
|14. Jaime I, Duke of Braganza|
|29. Isabel of Viseu|
|7. Isabel of Braganza|
|30. Juan Alonso, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia|
|15. Leonor de Guzmán y Velasco|
|31. Isabel de Velasco y Mendoza|
- Robertson, Clare. 'Odoardo Farnese', Oxford Art Online
- van Gastel (2013), p. 156.
- Robertson, ibid
- Media related to Odoardo Farnese at Wikimedia Commons