Abbatini was born in Città di Castello. He served as maestro di cappella at the Basilica of St. John Lateran from 1626 to 1628; at the cathedral in Orvieto in 1633; and at Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome between 1640 and 1646, 1649 to 1657, and 1672 to 1677. He composed church music, and published three books of Masses, four of Psalms, various 24-part Antiphons (1630, 1638, 1677), five books of Motets (1635), and a dramatic cantata, Il Pianto di Rodomonte (1633). He also worked with Athanasius Kircher on the Musurgia Universalis.
In addition, he produced three operas: Dal male il bene (Rome, 1654; in collaboration with Marco Marazzoli), which was one of the earliest comic operas, and historically important as it introduced the final ensemble; Ione (Vienna, 1666); and La comica del cielo, also called La Baltasara (Rome, 1668).
- Nicolas Slonimsky (ed.). Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. Vol. 1. Schirmer Books. p. 3. ISBN 0-02-865526-5.
- Randel, Don Michael, ed. (1996). "Antonio Maria Abbatini". The Harvard biographical dictionary of music. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-674-37299-9.
- Michael Walsh, ed. (2001). Dictionary of Christian Biography. Continuum. p. 1. ISBN 0826452639.
- Garvard Concise Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Abatini, Antonio Maria, 1999
- This article or an earlier version incorporates text from the 3rd edition (1919) of Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, a publication now in the public domain.