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Raj Singh I (24 September 1629 – 22 October 1680), was the Maharana of Mewar Kingdom (r. 1652–1680).

Raj Singh I
Maharana of Mewar
Raja Ravi Varma, Maharana Raj Singh - I.jpg
Raj Singh I
Maharana of Mewar
PredecessorJagat Singh I
SuccessorJai Singh
Born(1629-09-24)24 September 1629
Died22 October 1680(1680-10-22) (aged 51)
IssueJai Singh
FatherJagat Singh I


Raj Singh opposed Aurangzeb multiple times, once to save the Kishangarh princess Charumati from the Mughals and once by denouncing the Jizya tax levied by Aurangzeb. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj had once taunted Aurangzeb by telling him to ask the Rana of Mewar for Jizya if he had the guts, instead of terrorising unarmed citizens.[1] Rana Raj Singh is also known for giving protection to the Shrinathji idol of Mathura, he placed it in Nathdwara. No other Hindu ruler was ready to take the image in his kingdom as it would mean to oppose the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, who was the most powerful man in Asia at that time.[2]

The Rana gave aid to Durgadas Rathore during the Rathore rebellion and fought many battles against Aurangzeb as he was the maternal uncle of Ajit Singh of Marwar.[3] Rana was eventually poisoned by his own men who were bribed by the Mughal Emperor.[4] He was succeeded by his son Jai Singh who continued his father's war against Aurangzeb.


  1. ^ Maharana Raj Singh and His Times By Sri Ram Sharma
  2. ^ Maharana Raj Singh and His Times pg 29
  3. ^ John F. Richards. The New Cambridge History of India: The Mughal Empire (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993) p. 181-184
  4. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 190. ISBN 978-93-80607-34-4.