Anaukpetlun (Burmese: အနောက်ဖက်လွန် [ʔənaʊʔ pʰɛʔ lʊ̀ɰ̃]; 21 January 1578 – 9 July 1628) was the sixth king of Taungoo Burma and was largely responsible for restoring the kingdom after it collapsed at the end of 16th century. In his 22–year reign from 1606–1628, Anaukpetlun completed the reunification efforts begun by his father, King Nyaungyan. Having inherited a partial kingdom comprising mainly Upper Burma and the Shan States from his father, Anaukpetlun went on to reconquer Lan Na in the east, and in the south, Lower Burma from rival Burmese factions and the Portuguese, as well as the Upper Tenasserim from the Ayutthaya Kingdom. The kingdom was known as the Restored Taungoo Kingdom or Nyaungyan Dynasty.
|King of Burma|
|Reign||5 November 1605 – 9 July 1628|
|Born||21 January 1578 |
Tuesday, 14th waxing of Tabodwe 939 ME
|Died||9 July 1628 (aged 50) |
Thursday, 8th waxing of 1st Waso 990 ME
West of Bago, Burma
|Mother||Thiri Maha Dhamma Yaza Dipadi Dewi|
Officially styled as Maha Dhamma Yaza, Anaukpetlun was a grandson of Bayinnaung. Both of his parents were children of Bayinnaung, half-brother and half-sister. In November 1605, Nyaungyan died after a military campaign to Hsenwi. Anaukpetlun then inherited the Kingdom of Ava that included all north of Bagan along the Irrawaddy River and the cis-Salween Shan States.
In 1610 he took Taungoo from Natshinnaung and forced the king to swear loyalty. However, Filipe de Brito e Nicote, the Portuguese ruler of Syriam (modern Thanlyin) marched to Taungoo and captured Natshinnaung.:189–190
Anaukpetlun then marched the Ava armies and fleets to capture Syriam and rescued the King of Toungoo but faced Rakhine opportunistic invasions. He was able to counter the Rakhine fleets and took the port of Syriam in 1613, though Nat Shin Naung had already died. Anaukpetlun took the European-Portuguese captives to Ava and Bago, where they were known as Bayingyi and served as gunners for the Burmese armies later.
In 1617, Anaukpetlun decided to make Bago the capital of his dominions and crowned himself as King of Bago that year.
In 1613–1614, Anaukpetlun attacked Dawei, Tenasserim and Chiang Mai but was repelled. In 1618 Siam and Burma reached an agreement in which Burma would control Mottama and Thailand would control Chiang Mai.:197–199
In 1624, Anaukpetlun sent his brother Thalun to curb the rebellion of Chiang Saen and Nan.
Anaukpetlun was murdered in 1628 by his son Minyedeippa, who had a relationship with one of Anaukpetlun's concubines and feared the possible punishments. Minyedeippa held the throne for a short time before being purged by Thalun in 1629.:217
- Royal Historical Commission of Burma (1829–1832). Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar.
- Royal Historians of Burma (c. 1680). U Hla Tin (Hla Thamein) (ed.). Zatadawbon Yazawin (1960 ed.). Historical Research Directorate of the Union of Burma.
AnaukpetlunBorn: 21 January 1578 Died: 9 July 1628
| King of Burma
5 November 1605 – 9 July 1628
Minye Kyawswa II of Ava
| Heir-apparent of Burma
25 February 1600 – 5 November 1605