Thalun (Burmese: သာလွန်မင်း, pronounced [θàlʊ̀ɴ]; 17 June 1584 – 27 August 1648) was the eighth king of Toungoo dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). During his 19-year reign, Thalun successfully rebuilt the war-torn country which had been under constant warfare for nearly a century since the 1530s. Thalun instituted many administrative reforms and rebuilt the economy of the kingdom.
The statute of king Thalun in Mandalay Palace
|King of Burma|
|Reign||19 August 1629 – 27 August 1648|
|Born||17 June 1584 |
Sunday, 5th waxing of Nayon 946 ME
|Died||27 August 1648 (aged 64) |
Thursday, 10th waning of Tawthalin 1010 ME
|Burial||29 August 1648|
|Consort||Khin Myo Sit |
Khin Thet Hnin of Mone
Khin Myat Hset of Pinya
|Issue||11 sons and 20 daughters including: |
Ne Myo Ye Kyaw
Khin Ma Min Sit
|Mother||Khin Hpone Myat|
In 1608, Anaukpetlun captured Prome and made Thalun the governor of Prome. In 1628, Anaukpetlun was murdered by his own son Minyedeippa who made himself king. Thalun was then on his campaigns against the Shans at Kengtung with his brother Minye Kyawswa II, the governor of Ava. However, the death of Anaukpetlun forced the two to return to Pegu to claim the throne from the unlawful king and to counter the opportunistic Arakanese invasions. Thalun became the center of rallying against Minyedaikpa and was proclaimed the crown prince.
In 1629, Thalun and Minye Kyawswa were able to take Pegu and executed Minyedeippa.:218 At Pegu, there was an assassination attempt by a Mon on King Thalun, which resulted in the massacre of the Mons.
Thalun fought a three-year campaign against Lanna, finally subjugating them in 1632. In 1634, Thalun moved the capital to Ava and crowned himself king of Ava and made his brother Minye Kyawswa crown prince, Maha Uparaja. Thalun then concentrated on building pagodas and other works of merit.:219
However, Minye Kyawswa died on 18 August 1647. Thalun then made his own son Pindale as the crown prince. The son of Minye Kyawswa who wanted the crown prince title for himself staged a rebellion. The palace was sacked and Thalun fled to Sagaing. However, the rebellion was soon put down and the conspirators were burnt alive. Thalun died on 19 October 1648, succeeded by his son Pindale.
- Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.
- Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar. 1829.
- Lieberman, Victor B. (1984). Burmese Administrative Cycles: Anarchy and Conquest, c. 1580–1760. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05407-X.
- Than Tun (1968). "Administration under King Thalun (1629-48)" (PDF). Journal of Burma Research Society. 51 (2).
- Than Tun (1985). The Royal Orders of Burma, A.D. 1598–1885. 2. Kyoto University.
- Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing.
- "Thalun Mint Let-Htet Ote-Chote-Yay" (PDF). (1444 KB).
ThalunBorn: 17 June 1584 Died: 27 August 1648
| King of Burma
19 August 1629 – 27 August 1648
| Heir to the Burmese Throne
3 March 1606 – 9 July 1628
Minye Kyawswa II
as King of Prome
| Viceroy of Prome
2 November 1620 – 9 July 1628
as Governor of Prome
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