Mongnai, also known as Möngnai, Mone, Mōng Nai or Monē,[1] was a Shan state in what is today Burma. It belonged to the Eastern Division of the Southern Shan States.[1] Its capital was Mongnai town.[2]

Mongnai (Mone)
State of the Shan States
bf. 1800–1959
Shan-S-IGI.jpg
Möng Nai State in an Imperial Gazetteer of India map
CapitalMong Nai
Area 
• 1901
5,129 km2 (1,980 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
44252
History 
• State founded
bf. 1800
• Abdication of the last Saopha
1959
Succeeded by
Shan State
The Gate at Mongnai in a picture by Sir James George Scott.

HistoryEdit

Möngnai state was founded before 1800. According to tradition a predecessor state named Saturambha had existed previously in the area.[3]

Mongnai included the substates of Kengtawng[1] and Kenghkam. The latter was annexed in 1882.[citation needed]

Rulers (title Myoza)Edit

  • c.1802 – 1848: Maung Shwe Paw
  • 1848 – 1850: Maung Yit
  • 1850 – 1851: U Po Ka
  • 1852: U Shwe Kyu

Rulers (title Saopha)Edit

Ritual style Kambawsa Rahta Mahawunthiri Pawara Thudamaraza.[4]

  • 1852 – 1875: Hkun Nu Nom
  • 1875 – 1882: Hkun Kyi (1st time) (1847–1914)
  • 1882 – 1888: Twet Nga Lu (usurper) (d. 1888)
  • 1888 – 1914: Hkun Kyi (2nd time) (s.a.)
  • 1914 – 1928: Hkun Kyaw Sam
  • 1928 – 1949: Hkun Kyaw Ho (d. 1949)
  • 1949 – 1958: Sao Pye

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mōng Nai" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 710.
  2. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 405.
  3. ^ Ben Cahoon (2000). "World Statesmen.org: Shan and Karenni States of Burma". Retrieved 21 December 2010.
  4. ^ "WHKMLA : History of the Shan States". 18 May 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2010.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 20°31′N 97°52′E / 20.517°N 97.867°E / 20.517; 97.867