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Hsipaw (Burmese: သီပေါ; Shan: သီႇပေႃႉ; also known as Thibaw), is the principal town of Hsipaw Township in Shan State, Myanmar on the banks of the Duthawadi River. It is 200 km (124 mi) north-east of Mandalay.

Hsipaw

သီပေါမြို့

Thibaw
Town
Hsipaw
Hsipaw
Hsipaw is located in Myanmar
Hsipaw
Hsipaw
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 22°37′N 97°17′E / 22.617°N 97.283°E / 22.617; 97.283Coordinates: 22°37′N 97°17′E / 22.617°N 97.283°E / 22.617; 97.283
Country Myanmar
Division Shan State
Population
(2005)
 • Religions
Buddhism
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)

Contents

Shan SaophaEdit

Hsipaw State was perhaps one of the most well known and powerful saopha Shan States. According to the biography of Sao Nang Hearn Hkam (the chief wife, Madhidevi of Sao Shwe Thaik, the first president of Myanmar and another saopha of Hsenwi), Hsipaw, along with Kengtung and Yawnghwe were the wealthiest and most powerful saopha states in Shan State.

The Saophas played fluctuating roles in regional Shan and national Burmese politics from the 11th century all the way until the 1962 military coup by General Ne Win.

Hsipaw is famous for the Bowgoy Pagoda, situated in Bowgoy Village about 6 miles far from Hsipaw.

Princes of HsipawEdit

  • Sao Hswe Kya (1788–1809)
  • Sao Hkun Hkwi (1809–1843)
  • Sao Hkun Paw (1843–1853)
  • Sao Kya Htun (1853–1866)
  • Sao Kya Hkeng (1866–1881)
  • interregnum (1881–1886)
  • Sao Hkun Saing (1886–1902)
  • (Sir) Sao Khe (1902–1928)
  • Sao On Kya (1928–1938)
  • Sao Kya Hseng (1947–1959)

PretenderEdit

  • Sao kon kyar (1962-)

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Hsipaw (1981–2010 extremes 2001–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
35.0
(95)
42.3
(108.1)
41.0
(105.8)
42.0
(107.6)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
36.2
(97.2)
38.0
(100.4)
36.0
(96.8)
33.0
(91.4)
32.0
(89.6)
42.3
(108.1)
Average high °C (°F) 27.2
(81)
29.9
(85.8)
33.4
(92.1)
35.1
(95.2)
33.4
(92.1)
32.2
(90)
31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
31.8
(89.2)
31.0
(87.8)
28.7
(83.7)
26.6
(79.9)
31.0
(87.8)
Average low °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.8
(55)
18.1
(64.6)
21.5
(70.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
22.5
(72.5)
20.5
(68.9)
16.2
(61.2)
12.0
(53.6)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41)
7.0
(44.6)
13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
18.0
(64.4)
13.3
(55.9)
10.7
(51.3)
5.0
(41)
4.0
(39.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.3
(0.29)
21.5
(0.85)
30.1
(1.19)
65.8
(2.59)
159.9
(6.3)
183.3
(7.22)
329.3
(12.96)
336.3
(13.24)
194.3
(7.65)
78.6
(3.09)
48.6
(1.91)
12.6
(0.5)
1,467.6
(57.78)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[1]

External linksEdit

  •   Hsipaw travel guide from Wikivoyage
  •   Scott, James George (1911). "Thibaw". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 846–847.
  • Viaja por libre. Hiking in Hsipaw (Spanish)

GalleryEdit


  1. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 23–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2018.