Adam Pynacker

Adam Christiaensz Pynacker or Pijnacker[1] (15 February 1622, Schiedam - buried 28 March 1673, Amsterdam[2] ) was a Dutch Golden Age painter, mostly of landscapes.

Pynacker featured with engraved portrait in part II of the 4 part series by Jean-Baptiste Descamps: "La Vie des Peintres Flamands, Allemands et Hollandois", 1754


Pynacker was the son of a wine merchant, who was a member of the vroedschap, or city regency. He travelled to Italy and was gone for three years. In 1658 he converted to Catholicism in order to marry Eva Maria de Geest, Wybrand de Geest's daughter. Two years later his portrait was painted by his father-in-law as a pendant to an earlier portrait of his wife. In Schiedam he baptized two children, but from 1661 until he died, he lived on the Rozengracht in Amsterdam.

Wedding portraitsEdit

De Geest was a highly successful portrait painter who painted his daughter in 1652 and two years after their marriage he painted his new son-in-law's portrait in a matching style as pendant:


Landscape with a herd of goats, St. Louis Art Museum.

Pynacker is considered an example of an Italianate landscape painter, along with Jan Both, Jan Baptist Weenix, Nicolaes Berchem and Jan Asselyn. He specialized in decorating whole rooms. According to Houbraken, he would turn in his grave if he knew how the fashions had changed, but the poet P. Verhoek wrote a poem about one of his decorated rooms.[3]

Pijnacker's "Deer Hunt," which had been looted from Belgium, turned up on the Russian art market in 2009.[4]


  1. ^ Usually "Pijnacker" in Dutch sources, but still "Pynacker" in English ones. For example "Adam Pynacker" is the "preferred" spelling of Getty Union, is used by the National Gallery in Washington [1] Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine, the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge [2] Archived 2011-06-12 at the Wayback Machine & the Courtauld in London etc.
  2. ^ Pijnacker, Adam at the RKD databases
  3. ^ Adam Pynaker biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
  4. ^ "Looted art from Belgium turns up in a Russian museum". Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  • Wassenbergh, A. (1969) Het huwelijk van Adam Pijnacker en Eva Maria de Geest. In: De Vrije Fries, diel 49, pp. 93–95.

External linksEdit