Şehzade Mehmed (son of Ahmed I)
|Born||11 March 1605|
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
(modern day Istanbul, Turkey)
|Died||12 January 1621 (aged 15)|
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
|Mother||Kösem Sultan or Mahfiruz Hatun|
Şehzade Mehmed was born on 11 March 1605 in Istanbul. He was the second son of Sultan Ahmed I. In January 1609, Mehmed began his education under the guardianship of Hace Ömer Efendi, together with his elder brother, Şehzade Osman (future Sultan Osman II).
According to contemporary European observers, Mehmed's mother Kösem entertained ideas about his succession to the sultanate after the death of Ahmed. Nasuh Pasha, during his grand vizierate (1611–14), especially after his marriage to Ayşe Sultan, daughter of Ahmed and Kösem in 1612, became a close ally of his mother-in-law, who apparently thought that Nasuh Pasha could be of help in securing the succession of Mehmed.
Osman had asked the Şeyhülislam Hocazade Esad Efendi for an affirmative legal opinion to execute his brother. However, Esad Efendi refused to issue legal opinion. The Chief Judge of Rumeli Kemaleddin Efendi instead affirmed the execution of the prince. And so on 12 January 1621, Mehmed was executed. When the executors were stretching rope in his neck he spoke:
"Osman, I wish your are not blessed on this throne "
Twelve days following his death, a harsh snow fall in Istanbul which was considered as Allah’s message to Osman that he killed his brother. Osman ordered Mehmed's execution before leaving the capital for the Polish campaign.
In popular cultureEdit
- Börekçi, Günhan (2010). Factions And Favorites At The Courts Of Sultan Ahmed I (r. 1603-17) And His Immediate Predecessors (Thesis). Ohio State University. pp. 117, 142.
- Çiçek 2012, p. 21 n. 51. sfn error: no target: CITEREFÇiçek2012 (help)
- Tezcan, Baki (2007). "The Debut of Kösem Sultan's Political Career". Turcica. Éditions Klincksieck. 39–40: 350–51, 356. doi:10.2143/TURC.40.0.2037143.
- A ́goston, Ga ́bor; Masters, Bruce Alan (21 May 2010). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 409. ISBN 978-1-438-11025-7.
- Çiçek 2012, p. 32-33. sfn error: no target: CITEREFÇiçek2012 (help)
- Yılmaz, Coşkun (2008). Uluslararası Üsküdar Sempozyumu V, 1-5 Kasım 2007: bildiriler, Volume 2. Üsküdar Belediyesi. p. 493. ISBN 978-9-944-58075-5.
- Çiçek 2012, p. 32. sfn error: no target: CITEREFÇiçek2012 (help)
- Sakaoğlu 2015, p. 213. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSakaoğlu2015 (help)
- Gabriel Piterberg (2003). An Ottoman Tragedy: History and Historiography at Play. University of California Press. pp. 20, 21, 85, 89. ISBN 978-0-520-93005-6.
- Çiçek 2012, p. 33. sfn error: no target: CITEREFÇiçek2012 (help)
- Bey, Mehmet Süreyya; Aktan, Ali; Yuvalı, Abdülkadir; Keskin, Mustafa (1995). Tezkire-i meşâhir-i Osmaniyye. Sebil Yayınevi. p. 68. ISBN 978-9-757-48083-9.
- Çiçek 2012, p. 31. sfn error: no target: CITEREFÇiçek2012 (help)
- Çiçek, Fikri (2014). An examination of daily politics and factionalism at the Ottoman Imperial court in relation to the regicide of Osman II (r. 1618-22). Istanbul Şehir University.