Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Earl of Dysart

Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Earl of Dysart (30 January 1649 – 23 February 1727 n.s.), styled Lord Huntingtower from 1651 to 1698, was a British Tory Member of Parliament and nobleman.

Lionel Tollemache
Lionel tollemache.jpg
Lionel Tollemache, 1649–1727, 3rd Earl of Dysart, c. 1660, Peter Lely (1618–1680)
Born(1649-01-30)30 January 1649
Died23 February 1727(1727-02-23) (aged 78)
Title3rd Earl of Dysart (from mother)
Tenure1698–1727
Other titlesLord Huntingtower (courtesy title)
4th Baronet of Helmingham
Known forMP for Suffolk & Orford
NationalityEnglish
LocalitySuffolk
Spouse(s)Grace Wilbraham
ParentsSir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet
Elizabeth, 2nd Countess of Dysart
Arms of Tollemache: Argent, a fret sable

Dysart was the son of Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet (d.1669), and Elizabeth, 2nd Countess of Dysart (d.1698). Educated at Queens' College, Cambridge, Lionel succeeded to his father's baronetcy on his death,[1] but also a raft of debts which bred in him a habit of frugality which was not shed in later years.[2] In 1673, he contested Suffolk as a Tory; defeated by Sir Samuel Barnardiston, 1st Baronet, he had the return falsified by the sheriff, Sir William Soame, and took his seat in Parliament. An election committee declared Barnardiston elected who initially obtained £1,000 damages from him in a suit before the King's Bench, but the decision was overturned by the Court of Exchequer Chamber. Huntingtower was made a freeman of Eye in 1675. He briefly served as Member of Parliament for Orford in 1679 as a member of the Habeas Corpus Parliament. In 1685, he was again returned for that borough and made portman of Orford, an office he held until about 1709.[2]

On 30 September 1680, he married Grace Wilbraham, the daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Wilbraham, 3rd Baronet.[3] They had five children:

Huntingtower went out of Parliament again upon the fall of James II. However, he was returned for Suffolk in 1698, and generally supported Tory principles. In that year, he succeeded his mother to become Earl of Dysart. In 1702, he was appointed Vice-Admiral of Suffolk and became (until 1716) a freeman of Dunwich, and in 1703, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk. He was also named High Steward of Ipswich that year, an office he held until his death. As Lord Lieutenant, he purged moderate Churchmen from lieutenancy offices. He was Mayor of Orford during the summer of 1704. His support for the "Tack" of the Occasional Conformity Bill led to his removal from his county offices in 1705. Campaigning on the basis of his support for the Tack, he was returned for Suffolk again in 1705. As a Scottish peer, he was forced to leave the House of Commons by the Acts of Union 1707.[2] He was offered a barony in the Peerage of Great Britain by Queen Anne upon her accession, but declined.[3]

Predeceased by his only son in 1712, Dysart remained a Tory, and was considered a possible Jacobite, until his death in 1727. His male-line grandson Lionel inherited his titles.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tollemache, Lionel (Lord Huntingtower) (TLMC665L)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c Wedgwood, Josiah Clement (2002). The House of Commons 1690-1715. Cambridge University Press. pp. 648–649. ISBN 0-521-77221-4. Retrieved 12 January 2008.
  3. ^ a b Forster, Matthew. Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Men of Fife. p. 159. Retrieved 12 January 2008.

External linksEdit

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Walter Devereux
Allen Brodrick
Member of Parliament for Orford
1679
With: Sir John Duke, Bt 1679
Succeeded by
Sir John Duke, Bt
Henry Parker
Preceded by
Sir John Duke, Bt
Thomas Glemham
Member of Parliament for Orford
1685–1689
With: Thomas Glemham
Succeeded by
Thomas Glemham
Sir John Duke, Bt
Preceded by
Sir Gervase Elwes, Bt
Sir Samuel Barnardiston, Bt
Member of Parliament for Suffolk
1698–1707
With: Sir Samuel Barnardiston, Bt 1698–1702
Sir Dudley Cullum, Bt 1702–1705
Sir Robert Davers, Bt 1705–1707
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Davers, Bt
Leicester Martin
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Charles Rich, Bt
Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
1702–1705
Succeeded by
The Duke of Grafton
Preceded by
The Lord Cornwallis
Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
1703–1705
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Elizabeth Maitland
Earl of Dysart
1698–1727
Succeeded by
Lionel Tollemache
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Lionel Tollemache
Baronet
(of Helmingham Hall)
1669–1727
Succeeded by
Lionel Tollemache