Orford, Suffolk

Orford is a village with historic town status in Suffolk, England, within the Suffolk Coast and Heaths AONB.

Orford
2008-05-17 GreatBritain OrfordCastle.jpg
Orford Castle
Orford is located in Suffolk
Orford
Orford
Location within Suffolk
Population713 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTM422499
Civil parish
  • Orford
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWOODBRIDGE
Postcode districtIP12
Dialling code01394
PoliceSuffolk
FireSuffolk
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°05′42″N 1°32′02″E / 52.095°N 1.534°E / 52.095; 1.534Coordinates: 52°05′42″N 1°32′02″E / 52.095°N 1.534°E / 52.095; 1.534

Like many Suffolk coastal towns it was of some importance as a port and fishing village in the Middle Ages. It still has a fine mediaeval castle, built to dominate the River Ore and a Grade I listed parish church, St Bartholomew's.

The main geographical feature of the area is Orford Ness, a long, wide shingle spit at the mouth of the Ore. From 1913 to 1983, Orford Ness was used by the Ministry of Defence and other government bodies for various military developments and tests, and in the early 1970s it was the site of a powerful radar station as part of the Cold War defences against low-flying attacking aircraft. Today it is a nature reserve, owned and run by the National Trust. A prominent feature of Orford Ness is its lighthouse, which, as at 2020, is under severe threat from coastal erosion.

Orford provides the only point of access to the nature reserves of Orford Ness and Havergate Island. Both sites can only be accessed via ferry boat from Orford quay. The Orford Ness ferry runs on selected days between April and October[2] and the Havergate Island ferry on selected Saturdays.[3]

The population of Orford greatly increases during the summer months, partly due to its flourishing sailing club. In common with other Suffolk coastal towns and villages, a substantial number of properties in Orford are holiday or second homes.[4]

As well as the Castle, Orford's attractions include river cruises, three pubs, a renowned traditional bakery, a smokehouse and a restaurant; the Butley-Orford Oysterage.

GovernanceEdit

Orford forms part of the electoral ward called Orford and Tunstall. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 1,830.[5]

GalleryEdit

Orford Ness, Suffolk, showing locations of main sites.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Orford Ness National Nature Reserve". National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. Archived from the original on 30 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  3. ^ "Havergate Island – How to get here". The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  4. ^ [1] East Anglian Daily Times 12 March 2016 "Revealed: The Suffolk communities dominated by second homes"
  5. ^ "Orford and Tunstall Ward population 2011". Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Orfordness Visitor Map" (PDF). National Trust. 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.

External linksEdit