Lionel Tollemache, 4th Earl of Dysart

Lionel Tollemache, 4th Earl of Dysart KT (1 May 1708 – 10 March 1770), styled Lord Huntingtower from 1712 to 1727, was a Scottish nobleman.[1]

Lionel Tollemache
4th Earl of Dysart
Vanderbank - Lionel Tollemache, 4th Earl of Dysart.jpg
Lionel Tollemache, 4th Earl of Dysart, 1730, by John Vanderbank the Younger (1694–1739)
Tenure1727–1770
PredecessorLionel Tollemache, 3rd Earl of Dysart (Grandfather)
SuccessorLionel Tollemache, 5th Earl of Dysart
Other titlesLord Huntingtower (1712–1727) (courtesy title)
5th Baronet of Helmingham
Known forHigh Steward of Ipswich
Knight of the Thistle
Born(1708-05-01)1 May 1708
Died10 March 1770(1770-03-10) (aged 61)
London
NationalityEnglish
Spouse(s)Grace Carteret
Issue
ParentsLionel Tollemache, Lord Huntingtower
Henrietta Cavendish

Lionel's father, a namesake in 1712 predeceased his father Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Earl of Dysart – on the latter's death in 1727, Lionel inherited the earldom and five main estates: Ham House in Surrey, Helmingham Hall in Suffolk, Harrington and Bentley in Northamptonshire, and 20,000 acres (8,100 ha; 31 sq mi) in Cheshire. The following year he went on a Grand Tour.[2]

Lady Grace Carteret, Countess of Dysart, 1737, by John Vanderbank the Younger (1694–1739)

In 1729, he was elected High Steward of Ipswich, a post he held for 41 years.[2] Also in 1729 he married Lady Grace Carteret (1713–1755 St James's), daughter of John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, by whom he had sixteen children, nine of whom did not reach age 17:

  • A son, Lord Huntingtower (born and died 21 May 1730);
  • Lionel Tollemache, Lord Huntingtower (15 March 1731 – 16 March 1731);
  • Lady Grace Tollemache (9 April 1732 – 10 May 1736);
  • Lady Harriet Tollemache (died 2 August 1733);
  • Lionel Tollemache, 5th Earl of Dysart (1734–1799);
  • Lady Mary Tollemache (12 March 1736 – 14 March 1736);
  • A son (born 24 June 1737, died young);
  • Lady Frances Tollemache (c.1738 – 18 December 1807);
  • Wilbraham Tollemache, 6th Earl of Dysart (1739–1821);
  • Lady Catherine Tollemache (6 October 1740 – 24 May 1751);[3]
  • A son (died young);
  • Hon. George Tollemache (14 March 1744 – 13 November 1760),[4] joined the Royal Navy and was drowned on a voyage to Lisbon after falling from the mizzen topmast head of HMS Modeste.
  • Louisa Tollemache, 7th Countess of Dysart (2 July 1745–1840),[5] married John Manners in 1766;
  • Capt. Hon. John Tollemache (30 March 1750 – 25 September 1777), married Lady Bridget Henley, daughter of Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington, on 3 December 1773, and had one son. The captain of HMS Zebra, Tollemache was killed in a duel in New York City with Lt-Col. Pennington over a sonnet written by the latter, reflecting on Lady Bridget's wit. Tollemache was run through the heart, and Pennington received seven wounds and nearly died.
    • John's son, Lionel Robert Tollemache (10 November 1774 – 14 July 1793), was informally adopted by his childless uncle, Lionel, following John's death. Commissioned an ensign in the Coldstream Guards on 28 January 1791, he was killed at the siege of Valenciennes, without issue.[2]
  • Lady Jane Tollemache (1750 – 28 August 1802), married John Delap Halliday (died 24 June 1794) on 23 October 1771 and had issue;[6]

Lady Halliday was painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1779.[7] She married secondly David George Ferry on 24 March 1802.

  • Lt. Hon. William Tollemache (22 February 1751 – 16 December 1776), lieutenant of HMS Repulse, lost with the ship in a hurricane off Bermuda;

In 1743 he was made Knight of the Thistle.[1] He was apparently very parsimonious towards his eldest son, who married Charlotte Walpole in 1760 without his father's knowledge.[8][9]

Memorials and successionEdit

Grace, Lady Dysart, died at the Earl's new house in New Burlington Street, St James's. Dysart died in 1770, aged 72 and was buried in Helmingham. He was succeeded as earl by his eldest son, Lionel who erected no memorial to either parent and left no legitimate children. The title came for eight years to the next surviving son, Wilbraham who outlived his older, childless sister and then passed to the second of three surviving daughters who inherited the title after her brothers and died aged 95.[2]

The funerary hatchments of the Earl and Countess are now in St Andrew's Church, Ham.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Harwood, H. W. Forsyth; Murray, Keith W. (1906). Paul, James Balfour (ed.). Murray, Earl of Dysart. The Scots Peerage. III. Edinburgh: David Douglas. pp. 407–411.
  2. ^ a b c d Pritchard, Evelyn (2007). Ham House and its owners through five centuries 1610–2006. Richmond Local History Society. ISBN 9781955071727.
  3. ^ The Third Register Book of the Parish of St James in the Liberty of Westminster For Births & Baptisms. 1723-1741. 4 January 1740.
  4. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 20 April 1744.
  5. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 30 July 1745.
  6. ^ Parkes, D. (21 February 1803). Urban, Sylvanus (ed.). "Hales Owen Church, Shropshire". The Gentleman's Magazine. 73: 614.
  7. ^ "Joshua Reyolds – Lady Jane Halliday 1779". Art Blog.
  8. ^ Walpole, Horace (1903), Toynbee, Paget (ed.), "Letter to George Montagu, 2 October 1760", The Letters of Horace Walpole, Fourth Earl of Orford, IV, pp. 430–431
  9. ^ Walpole, Horace (1903), Toynbee, Paget (ed.), "Letter to Sir Horace Mann, 5 October 1760", The Letters of Horace Walpole, Fourth Earl of Orford, IV, pp. 432–434
Attribution

External linksEdit

Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Lionel Tollemache
Earl of Dysart
1727–1770
Succeeded by
Lionel Tollemache