Johann Ernst Eberlin
Johann Ernst Eberlin (27 March 1702 – 19 June 1762) was a German composer and organist whose works bridge the baroque and classical eras. He was a prolific composer, chiefly of church organ and choral music. Marpurg claims he wrote as much and as rapidly as Alessandro Scarlatti and Georg Philipp Telemann, a claim also repeated by Leopold Mozart - though ultimately Eberlin did not live nearly as long as either of those two composers.
Eberlin's first musical training began in 1712 at the Jesuit Gymnasium of St. Salvator in Augsburg. His teachers there were Georg Egger and Balthasar Siberer, who taught him how to play the organ. He began his university education in 1721 at the Benedictine University in Salzburg where he studied law, but from 1723 turned to music.
His first breakthrough was in 1727 when he became the organist for Count Leopold von Firmian (then Archbishop of Salzburg). He reached the peak of his career when he was the organist for Archbishop Andreas Jakob von Dietrichstein. By 1749 he held the posts of Hof- und Domkapellmeister (Court and Cathedral chapel master) simultaneously, an achievement which his successors Michael Haydn, Leopold Mozart, and Mozart himself were not to match. Despite Leopold Mozart's great opinion of Eberlin, and having sent his son some of Eberlin's best-known works, his keyboard pieces, the young Mozart later tired of them, writing in a letter of April 20, 1782 that Eberlin's works were "far too trivial to deserve a place beside Handel and Bach."
Nevertheless, in general, Eberlin was greatly respected while he lived, composing industriously and playing at church concerts. After his death, though, his strict choral pieces in the stile antico faded from popularity and only his keyboard works were (to a limited extent) remembered.
His contemporaries included Anton Cajetan Adlgasser.
Works, editions, recordingsEdit
- Giuseppe riconosciuto (1750s)
- La passione di Gesù Cristo (The Passion of Jesus Christ, Salzburg 1755)
- Sant’Elena al Calvario (St. Helena on the Calvary, Salzburg, probably between 1753 and 1763).
- Johann Ernst Eberlin: Te Deum, Dixit Dominus, and Magnificat Reinhard G Pauly. 1971
- Arrey von Dommer (1877), "Eberlin, Johann Ernst", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 5, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 576–577
- Gmeiner, Siegfried (2018). "Toccata et Fuga quarta". Siegfried Gmeiner an der Wiedenmann-Orgel, St. Josef, Ulm-Jungingen (in German). Retrieved 3 February 2018.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Harrandt, Andrea (2018). "Eberlin, Familie". Musiklexikon (in German). Retrieved 3 February 2018.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Pauly, Reinhard G. (1971). Johann Ernst Eberlin: Te Deum, Dixit Dominus, and Magnificat (in German).
By 1749 Eberlin had risen to the highest musical post at the court, with the rank of Hof- und Domkapellmeister, a distinction that his more famous successors in the archbishop's service — Michael Haydn, Leopold Mozart, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart [did not match].CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
|Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Johann Ernst Eberlin.|
- Free scores by Johann Ernst Eberlin in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Free scores by Johann Ernst Eberlin at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Johann Ernst Eberlin at AllMusic
- Johann Ernst Eberlin (Composer) bach-cantatas.com
- Johann Ernst Eberlin Diocese of Cologne