Fernando de Silva, 12th Duke of Alba

Fernando de Silva y Álvarez de Toledo, 12th Duke of Alba (27 October 1714 – 15 November 1776), was a Spanish politician and general who was Prime Minister of Spain in 1754.[1]


The Duke of Alba
Fernando de Silva y Alvarez of Toledo, 12th Duke of Alba (1714-1776), by Jean-Marc Nattier.jpg
Portrait by Jean-Marc Nattier, 1749
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
9 April 1754 – 15 May 1754
MonarchFerdinand VI
Preceded byJosé de Carvajal y Lancáster
Succeeded byRicardo Wall
Personal details
Born27 October 1714
Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire
Died15 November 1776(1776-11-15) (aged 62)
Madrid, Spain

BiographyEdit

Better known as the Duke of Huéscar, Fernando de Silva was a man of the Enlightenment and friend of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. He was Spanish ambassador to France between 1746 and 1749. On November 8, 1753 he was appointed Mayordomo mayor and chief of the Royal Household and, on April 9, 1754 he was made director of the Real Academia Española, a function he held until his death in 1776.

He was also Prime Minister of Spain between April 9 and May 15, 1754. As Duke of Alba, he was succeeded by his granddaughter María del Pilar de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba, who was a friend of Francisco de Goya, who visited their villa on several occasions and painted there in 1786 El verano and La vendimia.

DescendantsEdit

He had married Ana María Alvarez de Toledo y de Portugal, (1710–1738), daughter of the 9th Count of Oropesa. They had one son, who pre-deceased his father:

AncestryEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ in full, Spanish: Don Fernando de Silva Mendoza y Álvarez de Toledo, décimo segundo duque de Alba de Tormes, noveno duque de Huéscar, quinto duque de Montoro, séptimo conde-duque de Olivares, décimo marqués del Carpio, décimo segundo marqués de Coria, octavo marqués de Eliche, décimo primer marqués de Villanueva del Río, quinto marqués de Tarazona, décimo conde de Monterrey, décimo tercer conde de Lerín, décimo tercer Condestable de Navarra, décimo primer conde de Galve, décimo tercer conde de Osorno, de jure duque de Galisteo, décimo conde de Ayala, octavo conde de Fuentes de Valdepero, señor del estado de Valdecorneja, señor de las baronías de Dicastillo, San Martín, Curton y Guissens

SourcesEdit

  • Hobbs, Nicolas (2007). "Grandes de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 October 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Instituto de Salazar y Castro. Elenco de Grandezas y Titulos Nobiliarios Españoles (in Spanish). periodic publication.
  • "DUQUES DE ALBA: Genealogía" (in Spanish). 2007. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • "Geneall.net" (in Spanish). 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
Political offices
Preceded by
José de Carvajal
First Secretary of State
1754
Succeeded by
Ricardo Wall
Academic offices
Preceded by
José de Carvajal
O seat of
The Royal Spanish Academy

1774–1776
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Santa Cruz
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
María Teresa
Álvarez de Toledo
Duke of Alba
1755–1776
Succeeded by
María del Pilar de Silva
Duke of Huéscar
1755–1776
Succeeded by
Francisco de Silva
Italian nobility
Preceded by
María Teresa
Álvarez de Toledo
Count of Modica
1755–1776
Succeeded by
María del Pilar de Silva