Sarah Guppy, née Beach (1770 – 24 August 1852) was an English inventor who contributed to the design of Britain's infrastructure including the Clifton Suspension Bridge in Bristol, and developed several domestic products.
|Born||Sarah Maria Beach
|Died||24 August 1852 (aged 81/82)
Clifton, Bristol, England
|Children||Samuel Guppy, Jr. (1795–1875), Thomas Richard (1797–1882), Sarah Maria Ann (1801– ), Mary Elizabeth (1806–1841), Robert (1808– ), Grace (1809–1838).|
|Projects||Bristol's Clifton Suspension Bridge|
|Significant design||A tea or coffee urn that also cooked eggs, the fire hood, a candlestick that made candles burn longer|
|Significant advance||Improvements in ship caulking and barnacle prevention|
Early history and inventionsEdit
Sarah Maria Beach was born in Birmingham, England, and baptised in November 1770. She married Samuel Guppy in 1795. In 1811 she patented the first of her inventions, a method of making safe piling for bridges. Thomas Telford asked her for permission to use her patented design for suspension bridge foundations, and she granted it to him free of charge. As a friend of Isambard Kingdom Brunel and his family she became involved in the Great Western Railway, writing to the directors with ideas and giving her support. In 1841 she wrote a letter recommending planting willows and poplars to stabilise embankments. She continued to offer technical advice despite the fact that, as she wrote, "it is unpleasant to speak of oneself—it may seem boastful particularly in a woman."
Patents and publicationsEdit
The family took out 10 patents in the first half of the nineteenth century, including a method of keeping ships free of barnacles that led to a government contract worth £40,000. Other inventions included a bed with built-in exercise equipment, a device for a tea or coffee urn which would cook eggs in the steam as well as having a small dish to keep toast warm and a device for "improvements in caulking ships, boats and other vessels." In later life she wrote The Cottagers and Labourers Friend and Dialogues for Children, invented the fire hood or Cook's Comforter, and patented a new type of candlestick that enabled candles to burn longer.
Marriage and familyEdit
After marrying Bristol merchant Samuel Guppy they lived in Queen Square and Prince Street, a leading light of the Bristol and Clifton social scene. The couple had six children, including Thomas Richard, who with older brother Samuel operated the Friars Sugar Refinery in Bristol (1826–42) before becoming an engineer and associate of Brunel, contributing significantly to the design of SS Great Western and SS Great Britain. Brunel painted a portrait of the younger Sarah Guppy c. 1836.
In 1837 the widowed Sarah, now 67, married Richard Eyre Coote, 28 years her junior. For a while they lived at Arnos Court, Brislington, but Richard ran through his rich wife's money at a rapid rate, spending on horses and neglecting her. Sarah moved into 7 Richmond Hill, Clifton, in 1842. She bought the land opposite the house for the benefit of Clifton residents and it still remains green space.
Notes and referencesEdit
- Dresser, Madge (April 2016). "Guppy , Sarah (bap. 1770, d. 1852". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/109112. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Cork, Tristan (27 May 2016). "Recognition at last for the mum-of-six who designed Bristol's Clifton Suspension Bridge - not Brunel". Bristol Post. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- Rendell, Mike. "Sarah Guppy, Eclectic English Inventor". Amazing women in History. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- PRO RAIL 1014/8/7
- One Hundred Key Facts on the Bristol City – region and Science
- Plaque #932 – Open Plaques
- Bristol Record Office BCC/F/E/3285, BCC/F/E/3140
- Brunel: 'In Love with the Impossible' ISBN 978-0955074202
- BBC – Bristol – Entertainment – Shows of strength