Barlow Trecothick (c. 1719 – 28 May 1775) was a City of London merchant brought up in the colonial Province of Massachusetts Bay who became one of the Members of Parliament for the City of London and was Lord Mayor of London in 1770.
|Member of Parliament for the City of London|
|Preceded by||Hon. Thomas Harley|
|Succeeded by||Richard Oliver|
|Lord Mayor of London|
|Preceded by||Sir William Beckford|
|Succeeded by||Brass Crosby|
|Died||28 May 1775(aged 55–56)|
(m. 1747; her death 1769)
(m. 1770; his death 1775)
Trecothick was the son of a sea captain, Mark Trecothick, by his marriage to Hannah Greenleaf. His place of birth is uncertain, but it was probably either Stepney or else at sea. One biographer reports that he was born on 27 January 1720 in Stepney. His brother Edward Trecothick was baptized there in 1721.
From about 1724, the Trecothicks lived in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, where in 1734 the young Trecothick was apprenticed to Charles Apthorp, an enormously rich English-born merchant and slave trader of Boston, serving him until 1740, and then becoming a merchant.
In his evidence to a parliamentary committee in England in 1766, Trecothick said he had lived at Boston between the ages of seven and twenty-two, was then in Jamaica for seven years, returned to New England for three years, and finally settled in London. His sister Hannah was born at Boston on 2 December 1724.
After marrying in 1747, Trecothick and his wife moved to London, where they settled around 1750, and he continued trading as a merchant, through a company called Trecothick, Apthorp, and Thomlinson, becoming a member of the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers.
Having made a large fortune and become an alderman of the Corporation of London, in 1768 Trecothick bought the manor of Addington, in Surrey, for £38,500, equivalent to £5,380,000 in 2019, and began to build Addington Park, a new country house designed by Robert Mylne in the Palladian style, with single-storey wings.
On 2 March 1747, Trecothick married Grizzel Apthorp, the eldest daughter of Charles Apthorp. His first wife died childless on 31 July 1769, and on 9 June 1770, Trecothick married secondly Anne, a daughter of Amos Meredith and a sister of Sir William Meredith, 3rd Baronet. There were also no children of this marriage.
His property and estate was inherited by his heir, a Harvard-educated nephew, James Ivers, the son of Trecothick's younger sister Hannah, who changed his name to Trecothick in the terms of his benefactor's will, and he completed the house, but ran through his uncle's fortune and had to sell up in 1803. Addington Park was purchased by Charles Manners-Sutton and became one of the palaces of the Archbishops of Canterbury and was renamed Addington Palace.
- Lewis Namier, John Brooke, "Trecothick, Barlow" in The House of Commons 1754–1790 (Boydell & Brewer, 1985), p. 557
- Bryce E. Withrow, "A Biographical Study of Barlow Trecothick 1720–1775" in The Emporia State Research Studies, Vol. 38, Issue 3 (Emporia Graduate School, 1992), p. 7
- MacQuarrie, Brian (6 March 2019). "At Faneuil Hall, a Move to Recognize Ties to Slavery". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
- David Hancock, "Trecothick, Barlow (1718?–1775)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004), online edition (subscription required): "From c.1724 he lived in Boston, Massachusetts, where he served as an apprentice to Charles Apthorp between 1734 and 1740."
- Foote, Annals of King's Chapel (Boston: Little, Brown, 1896), pp. 143–144
- Conrad Edick Wright, Revolutionary Generation: Harvard Men and the Consequences of Independence (University of Massachusetts Press, 2005), pp. 70, 71
- H. E. Malden, ed., A History of the County of Surrey, Vol. 4 (Victoria County History, 1912) pp. 164–168 (Parishes: Addington)
- Lysons, Daniel (1792). The Environs of London: County of Surrey. T. Cadell. p. 9. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- Hughson, David (1808). London: Being an Accurate History and Description of the British Metropolis and Its Neighbourhood, to Thirty Miles Extent, from an Actual Perambulation. J. Stratford. p. 308. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- Bryce E. Withrow, "A Biographical Study of Barlow Trecothick 1720–1775" in The Emporia State Research Studies, Vol. 38, Issue 3 (Emporia Graduate School, 1992)