Charles Cadogan, 2nd Baron Cadogan

General Charles Cadogan, 2nd Baron Cadogan (1684/5 – 24 September 1776[1]) was an Anglo-Irish peer, soldier and Whig politician.

Charles Cadogan, 2nd Baron Cadogan
Born1685
Died24 September 1776
Allegiance Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
RankGeneral
Other workMember of Parliament

FamilyEdit

Cadogan was the younger son of Henry Cadogan and his wife, Bridget, the second daughter of the regicide Sir Hardress Waller. He inherited his title in 1726 on the death without male issue of his elder brother William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan, whose titles, other than 1st Baron Cadogan, became extinct.[2]

He married the heiress Elizabeth Sloane, daughter of Sir Hans Sloane, Bt. and Elizabeth Langley Rose, on 25 July 1717 at the Church of St George the Martyr, Queen Square, London. They had one son, Charles Sloane Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan. The marriage transferred the 250-acre (1.0 km2) Sloane estate in suburban Chelsea to the Cadogan family, which has been the basis of the family wealth ever since. Cadogan became Lord of the Manor of Chelsea.

Military careerEdit

He joined the Army, serving during the War of the Spanish Succession where he saw action at the Battles of Oudenarde and Malplaquet.[3] His career benefited from his brother's close connection to the Army's Captain General the Duke of Marlborough. He rose, by 1715, to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Coldstream Guards. He was promoted Brigadier-General in 1735, Major-General in 1739, Lieutenant-General in 1745 and full General in 1761. [2]

He was given the Colonelcy of the 4th Foot in 1719, transferring in 1734 to be Colonel of the 6th Dragoons until 1742, when he transferred a second time to be Colonel of the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards, a position he then held until his death.[4]

He was Governor of Sheerness between 1749 and 1752 and Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury Fort between 1752 and 1776.

He was returned as Member of Parliament (Whig) for Reading in 1716 and Member of Parliament (Whig) for Newport, Isle of Wight in 1722.

He died in 1776, the senior general in the Army.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Falkner, James. "Cadogan, William, Earl Cadogan", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 24 May 2008. Accessed 21 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b "CADOGAN, Charles (1685-1776), of Caversham, nr. Reading, Berks". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  3. ^ Watson p.228
  4. ^ "[Troops of] Horse Guards". Archived from the original on 3 January 2006. Retrieved 27 June 2019.

BibliographyEdit

  • Watson, J.N.P. Marlborough's Shadow: The Life of the First Earl Cadogan. Leo Cooper, 2003.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Felix Calvert
Robert Clarges
Member of Parliament for Reading
1716–1722
With: Owen Buckingham
Succeeded by
Anthony Blagrave
Clement Kent
Preceded by
The Earl of March
The Lord Whitworth
Member of Parliament for Newport, Isle of Wight
1722–1726
With: The Lord Whitworth
Succeeded by
Sir William Willys
George Huxley
Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough
Colonel of the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards
1742–1776
Succeeded by
Lord Robert Bertie
Preceded by
The Earl of Stair
Colonel of the Black Dragoons
1734–1742
Succeeded by
The Earl of Stair
Preceded by
Henry Berkeley
Colonel of the King's Own Regiment of Foot
1719–1734
Succeeded by
William Barrell
Preceded by
John Huske
Governor of Sheerness
1749–1752
Succeeded by
Sir John Mordaunt
Preceded by
The Lord De La Warr
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
1752–1776
Succeeded by
William Fawcett
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Cadogan
Baron Cadogan
1726–1776
Succeeded by
Charles Sloane Cadogan