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Ayşe Sultan (daughter of Ahmed III)

Ayşe Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: عائشه سلطان‎; 24 November 1718 – 3 October 1776) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Ahmed III.

Ayşe Sultan
Istanbul 2009 Yeni Camii.JPG
The tomb of Ayşe Sultan is located inside the Turhan Hatice Sultan Türbe of The New Mosque at Eminönü in Istanbul.
Born24 November 1718
Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
(now Istanbul, Turkey)
Died3 October 1776(1776-10-03) (aged 57)
Ortaköy Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
(now Istanbul, Turkey)
Burial
Turhan Sultan Mausoleum, New Mosque, Istanbul
SpouseKunduracızade Mehmed Pasha
Hatip Ahmed Pasha
Silahdar Mehmed Pasha
IssueRukiye Hanımsultan
DynastyOttoman
FatherAhmed III
MotherEmine Musli Kadın
ReligionSunni Islam

LifeEdit

BirthEdit

Ayşe Sultan was born on 24 November 1718 in the Topkapı Palace.[1] Her mother was Emine Musli Kadın.[2] She had a full sister named Zübeyde Sultan, nine years younger than her.[3]

MarriagesEdit

In 1724, when Ayşe Sultan was six years old, Ahmed betrothed her to his swordbearer Kunduracızade Istanbullu Mehmed Pasha,[4][5] and appointed him the governor of Rumelia. The marriage contract was concluded on 28 September 1728, and the wedding took place on 4 October 1728 at the Topkapı Palace. The couple were given the Valide Kethüdası Mehmed Pasha Palace, located at Süleymaniye as their residence. In 1730, the grand vizier Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha was killed in the uprising of Patrona Halil and Ahmed III was deposed. Ayşe Sultan's husband, Mehmed Pasha, became the grand vizier in October 1730. He remained grand vizier until January 1731, after which he was appointed, the governor of Aleppo. He died in 1737.[6]

Following Mehmed Pasha's death, she married Hatip Ahmed Pasha, the son of grand vizier Topal Osman Pasha.[5] The wedding took place in 1740 at the Ortaköy Palace, while the marriage was consummated in December 1742 at the Demirkapı Palace. Ahmed Pasha was appointed the governor of Mora in 1744 and died in 1748.[7] Ten years after Ahmed Pasha's death, she married Silahdar Mehmed Pasha, the Sanjak Bey (provincial governor) of Tirhala.[8] This wedding took place on 16 January 1758 at the Hekimbaşı Palace. Her dowry was 5000 ducats.[9]

IssueEdit

Ayşe Sultan had a daughter named Rukiye Hanımsultan, who married Lalazade Nuri Bey.[10]

CharitiesEdit

Ayşe constructed fountain in Konya in 1742 and along with fountain she commissioned soup kitchens and libraries. [11] She contrived waqfs in Istanbul along with many other schools, hospitals and dry fruit shops in 1753. [12]. During the harsh winters she opened places which had fireplaces. Ayşe created an endowment in Istanbul in 1757. She arranged donations for poor people. In 1759, she created a fountain and the next year she opened a small shop of dry fruits. In 1763, she created two bakeries. [13][14]

DeathEdit

Ayşe Sultan died on 3 October 1776 at the Ortaköy Palace and was buried in her great-grandmother Turhan Hatice Sultan's mausoleum, located at New Mosque at Istanbul.[8][15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Silahdar Findiklili Mehmed Agha (2001). Nusretnâme: Tahlil ve Metin (1106-1133/1695-1721). p. 900.
  2. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 127.
  3. ^ Şemʼdânî-zâde Fındıklılı, Süleyman Efendi (1976). Aktepe, M.Münir (ed.). Şemʼdânî-zâde Fındıklılı Süleyman Efendi târihi Mürʼiʼt-tevârih-Volume II A. Edebiyat Fakültesi Matbaası. p. 9.
  4. ^ Duindam, Jeroen; Artan, Tülay; Kunt, Metin (August 11, 2011). Royal Courts in Dynastic States and Empires: A Global Perspective. BRILL. pp. 362, 363 n. 49. ISBN 978-9-004-20622-9.
  5. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 135.
  6. ^ Sakaoğlu 2009, p. 437.
  7. ^ Sakaoğlu 2009, p. 437-8.
  8. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 136.
  9. ^ Sakaoğlu 2009, p. 438.
  10. ^ Haskan, Mehmet Nermi (2008). Eyüp Sultan tarihi, Volume 1. Eyüp Belediyesi Kültür Yayınları. p. 355. ISBN 978-9-756-08704-6.
  11. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 131.
  12. ^ Sakaoğlu 2009, p. 283.
  13. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 134.
  14. ^ Sakaoğlu 2009, p. 284.
  15. ^ Sakaoğlu 2009, p. 439.

SourcesEdit

  • Mustafa Çağatay Uluçay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ankara, Ötüken.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.