San Gabriel, California

San Gabriel /sæn ˈɡbriəl/ is a city in Los Angeles County, California. It is named after the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel (which in turn was named for Archangel Gabriel), founded by Junípero Serra. The city grew outward from the mission and in 1852 became the original township of Los Angeles County. San Gabriel was incorporated in 1913. The city's motto is "A city with a Mission" and it is often called the "Birthplace" of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. At the 2010 census, the population was 39,718.

San Gabriel
City of San Gabriel
San Gabriel Civic Auditorium (cropped2).jpg
Mission San Gabriel 4-15-05 6611 (cropped).JPG
Flag of San Gabriel
Official seal of San Gabriel
Official logo of San Gabriel
"Birthplace of the Los Angeles Region" [1]
"City With A Mission"
Location of San Gabriel in Los Angeles County, California
Location of San Gabriel in Los Angeles County, California
San Gabriel is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
San Gabriel
San Gabriel
Location of San Gabriel in Los Angeles County, California
San Gabriel is located in California
San Gabriel
San Gabriel
Location of San Gabriel in California
San Gabriel is located in the United States
San Gabriel
San Gabriel
Location of San Gabriel in the USA
Coordinates: 34°6′10.14″N 118°5′58.89″W / 34.1028167°N 118.0996917°W / 34.1028167; -118.0996917Coordinates: 34°6′10.14″N 118°5′58.89″W / 34.1028167°N 118.0996917°W / 34.1028167; -118.0996917
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
IncorporatedApril 24, 1913[2]
Named forArchangel Gabriel
 • City council[4]Tony Ding (D)
Chin Ho Liao (D)
John R. Harrington (L)
Denise Menchaca (D)
Jason Pu (D)
 • City managerMark Lazzaretto[3]
 • Total4.15 sq mi (10.74 km2)
 • Land4.14 sq mi (10.73 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.02%
Elevation420 ft (128 m)
 • Total39,718
 • Estimate 
 • Density9,625.81/sq mi (3,716.92/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
91775, 91776, 91778[9]
Area code626[10]
FIPS code06-67042
GNIS feature IDs1656614, 2411787


Prior to the arrival of the Spanish to Alta California, the area that is now San Gabriel was inhabited by the Tongva Native Americans, whom the Spanish called the Gabrieleño. The Tongva name for the San Gabriel region has been reconstructed as Shevaa.[11]

Today a center for culture and art, the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel (named for Archangel Gabriel), founded by Father Junípero Serra, is the fourth of twenty-one California Missions, and is known as the "Pride of the California Missions."[12]

The Mission San Gabriel Arcángel served a pivotal role in the colonial Spanish society, with many of the area's first Mexican settlers being baptized at the mission, including future governor Pio Pico, who was born in 1801 at the mission and baptized there the same year. He was appointed as California's governor twice, serving briefly in 1832 and again from 1845 through the Mexican–American War. Later in life, he was elected as a Los Angeles City councilman.[13] The city of Pico Rivera was named to honor him as the last governor of California to be born in Mexico.[14]

In 1853, a company of Army Engineers, which included the geologist William P. Blake, passed by the mission in search of the best route for an intercontinental railroad. Blake observed that the once great vineyards had fallen into wild disarray. Fences were in disrepair and animals roamed freely through the property. But the mission bells were ringing and the church was still in use. Blake predicted, "I believe that when the adaptation of that portion of California to the culture of the grape and the manufacture of wine becomes known and appreciated, the state will become celebrated not only for its gold and grain, but (also) for its fruits and wines."[15]

In the first United States census made in California in 1860, 586 people lived in the San Gabriel township, an area encompassing the mission lands and several adjacent ranchos stretching north to what is now Pasadena. By 1870, the population had shrunk to 436.[16][17] By the time of General Law Incorporation on April 24, 1913, the city's population had grown to 1,500.[15]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2), virtually all of it land.

The city is bordered on the north by San Marino, on the east by Temple City and Rosemead, to the south by Rosemead and to the west by Alhambra.


This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, San Gabriel has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.

Climate data for San Gabriel, California (normals 1981-2010)(extremes 1939-2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 94
Average high °F (°C) 67.3
Daily mean °F (°C) 56.2
Average low °F (°C) 45.1
Record low °F (°C) 22
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.68
Source: NOAA[18]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)39,899[8]0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]


The 2010 United States Census[20] reported that San Gabriel had a population of 39,718. The population density was 9,581.5 people per square mile (3,699.4/km2). The racial makeup of San Gabriel was 24,091 (60.7%) Asian, 10,076 (25.4%) White (11.4% Non-Hispanic White), 388 (1.0%) African American, 220 (0.6%) Native American, 43 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 3,762 (9.5%) from other races, and 1,138 (2.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10,189 persons (25.7%).

The Census reported that 39,266 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 34 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 418 (1.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 12,542 households, out of which 4,542 (36.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,668 (53.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,961 (15.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 965 (7.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 481 (3.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 76 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,121 households (16.9%) were made up of individuals, and 800 (6.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.13. There were 9,594 families (76.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.47.

The population was spread out, with 7,866 people (19.8%) under the age of 18, 3,555 people (9.0%) aged 18 to 24, 11,335 people (28.5%) aged 25 to 44, 11,388 people (28.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,574 people (14.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

There were 13,237 housing units at an average density of 3,193.3 per square mile (1,232.9/km2), of which 6,168 (49.2%) were owner-occupied, and 6,374 (50.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.7%. 19,974 people (50.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,292 people (48.6%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, San Gabriel had a median household income of $56,388, with 13.3% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[citation needed]


As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 39,804 people, 12,587 households, and 9,566 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,639.3 inhabitants per square mile (3,721.2/km2). There were 12,909 housing units at an average density of 3,126.2 per square mile (1,206.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 33.40% White, 1.06% African American, 0.83% Native American, 48.91% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 12.36% from other races, and 3.34% from two or more races. Those identifying as Hispanic or Latino (of any race) were 30.71% of the population.

There were 12,587 households, out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.52.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $56,720, and the median income The per capita income for the city was $24,816. About 9.5% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Ethnic cultureEdit

The city boasts a mixture of Asian, European, and North American cultures.[22] Second- and third-generation Chinese Americans patronize its diverse array of stores and eateries.[23] There is the 12-acre "San Gabriel Square" mall, sometimes referred to as the "Chinese Disneyland".[22] It was also nicknamed by the Los Angeles Times as "the great mall of China."[24][25] This stretch of Chinese shops and bold architecture, with roofs of Spanish-style tile, is the model for the new ethnoburbs recently recognized in places like Las Vegas and Houston.[22] The conglomeration of restaurants and cafes, shops, markets, hair and nail salons, Asian video stores, health services, department stores, plus an extensive jewelry mart, provides 'something for everyone', from purchasing an expensive diamond and shopping for designer suits, to buying soy milk or a travel package to Las Vegas or China.[22]

These were the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Asian residents, according to the 2000 census:[26]

  1. Chinatown, 70.6%
  2. Monterey Park, 61.1%
  3. Cerritos, 58.3%
  4. Walnut, 56.2%
  5. Rowland Heights, 51.7%
  6. San Gabriel, 48.9%
  7. Rosemead, 48.6%
  8. Alhambra, 47.2%
  9. San Marino, 46.8%
  10. Arcadia, 45.4%


Top employersEdit

According to the city's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:[27]

# Employer # of Employees
1 AHMC San Gabriel Valley Medical 1062
2 Landwin Hospitality LLC 150
3 Ivy Creek Healthcare & Wellness Centre 147
4 SGV Healthcare Inc. 147
5 99 Ranch Market #208 143
6 Royal Vista Care Center, LLC 123
7 San Gabriel Country Club 120
8 Pine Grove Healthcare & Wellness Centre 116
9 Five Star Seafood Restaurant 105
10 San Gabriel Superstore 105


In the state legislature San Gabriel is located in the 21st Senate District, represented by Democrat Anthony Portantino, and in the 49th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Ed Chau.

In the United States House of Representatives, San Gabriel is in California's 27th congressional district, represented by Democrat Judy Chu.[28]

City governmentEdit

Five Councilmembers are elected by the voters to serve a four-year term. The Mayor is appointed annually by the Council in a rotation among its members. The City Council is also the Redevelopment Agency Board of Directors.

The city's first Chinese American mayor was Chi Mui in 2006. He symbolized San Gabriel's rise as the new center of the region's Chinese community. He died of cancer three months later.[23] Mui was replaced by Albert Y. M. Huang, who served as mayor during his term. Huang submitted his resignation October 19, 2010 following a late-night domestic dispute with his girlfriend and subsequent arrest. Huang has since been cleared of all charges.[29]


The city of San Gabriel is served by the San Gabriel Unified School District. They state: "It is the mission of the San Gabriel School District, in partnership with the Community, to prepare its students for their future as productive citizens and lifelong learners..."[30] The 2009 API school reports has recognized the San Gabriel Unified school district as one of the top school districts in California. Gabrielino High School consistently ranks as one of the highest achieving schools, as it ranks with some of the highest scores possible among public high schools in California.[31]

Elementary schoolsEdit

There are five public elementary schools in San Gabriel, all of which are named after former Presidents:

Calvin Coolidge Elementary School.
McKinley Elementary School
Roosevelt Elementary School
Washington Elementary School
Wilson Elementary School

Each of its public schools have been honoured as a California Distinguished School.[32] Two other elementary schools exist within the city limits, Dewey Elementary, and Marshall Elementary, are operated by the Garvey School District, in the southern portion of San Gabriel.

Middle schoolEdit

Jefferson Middle School is located in the San Gabriel Unified School District. In 1968 the school was converted to the only intermediate school in the elementary school district with sixth, seventh and eighth grade students. Jefferson became part of the San Gabriel Unified School District in 1993–94. The five K-5 elementary schools feed into the middle school. Jefferson is recognized as a California Distinguished School.[33]

High schoolsEdit

Entrance to Gabrielino High School

Gabrielino High School has been named by U.S. News & World Report as one of "America's Best Public High Schools". This puts it in the top 2.8% of the schools in the nation.[34]

Del Mar High School, which opened in September 2010, is a newly built alternative school, "Where Second Chances Happen".[35]

San Gabriel High School is located in the Alhambra Unified School District, which serves residents from eastern Alhambra, southern Rosemead, and a portion of San Gabriel.

San Gabriel Mission High School, a Catholic, private, all girls high school, grades 9-12. It was named after and is located in the same block as the historical Mission San Gabriel Arcángel.

Private schoolsEdit

There are several private schools in the City of San Gabriel including:

Saint Anthony School, Grades Pre-K through 8th. A Tradition of Excellence in Catholic education since 1948.[36]
San Gabriel Mission Elementary School[37]
San Gabriel Academy is a coeducational Seventh-day Adventist college preparatory school, grades K-12.[38]
Clairbourn School is a coeducational preparatory day school, pre-K through 8th grade in an environment harmonious with the teachings of Christian Science.[39]
Little Flower Montessori School, Grades Pre-K through 5th.
San Gabriel Christian School-- Is an accredited member of the Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI) and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). The school provides a strong Christian education program for over 600 students in grades kindergarten through eighth grade.[40]


San Gabriel community news are covered by the San Gabriel Valley Tribune, a paid daily newspaper, as well as by Mid-Valley News and San Gabriel Sun, which are community weeklies.



A streetcar of the Pacific Electric Railway makes a stop at Mission San Gabriel Arcángel c. 1905.

San Gabriel is currently served by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

In 2008, voters approved the measure, proposition 1A for the California High Speed Rail Project from San Diego to San Francisco.[41] The project will be constructed in two segments. The San Francisco to Los Angeles/Anaheim project is scheduled to be built first, at a cost of $43 billion, with a completion date in 2029.[41] The second phase of the proposed railway, from Los Angeles to stations in San Diego will not begin construction until after phase one is completed. The California High-Speed Rail Authority is responsible for planning, designing, and building the system.

Conceptually, the voters were very enthusiastic about a high speed railway. The reality of the possibility that it could impact their neighborhood and their homes is being met with steadfast disapproval. When the California High-Speed Rail Authority recently met with the city councils and residents of San Gabriel, El Monte, Rosemead[42] and Alhambra, to discuss the four proposed routes for phase two, the members of the three city councils expressed that residents were very concerned that the railway could possibly end up in their backyards.[41] Mayor David Gutierrez said "We made a promise to the community that the city of San Gabriel will never allow anything like this to happen if there is any consideration that people might lose their home."[41] No decisions will be made until environmental impact and evaluation of the various proposed routes are completed in 2014.[41] Alhambra city councilwoman, Jessica Keating, maintained that city representatives, who had initially appeared to agree with the proposal, admitted they were "caught asleep at the wheel."[42]

City servicesEdit

San Gabriel won a record $4.6 million park grant that will fund San Gabriel's first new park in this century, for the proposed Marshall Community Park project. This the first time a joint venture between the City and Garvey School District has been planned.[citation needed]

  • Adult Recreation Center and Senior Center, 324 South Mission Drive
  • Bovard-Wilson-Hayes House and Jail
  • Grapevine Park and Arbor, 324 South Mission Drive
  • Parks Office, The Parks and Recreation Department offers an after school sports program and a summer playground program for San Gabriel youth. Along with these programs, the Department provides a variety of trips and special events throughout the year for youth of all ages.
  • San Gabriel Historical Association
  • San Gabriel Mission Playhouse
  • Smith Park and Pool, 232 West Broadway,
  • Vincent Lugo Park, Corner of Wells and Ramona Streets

County servicesEdit

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, serving San Gabriel.[43]

Notable peopleEdit

Sister citiesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "History of San Gabriel". Retrieved May 6, 2021.
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ "Office of the City Manager". City of San Gabriel. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  4. ^ "City Council". City of San Gabriel. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  5. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. ^ "San Gabriel". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "San Gabriel (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved January 18, 2007.
  10. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved January 18, 2007.
  11. ^ Munro, Pamela (2008). Yaara' Shiraaw'ax 'Eyooshiraaw'a. Now You're Speaking Our Language: Gabrielino/Tongva/Fernandeño. et al.[self-published source]
  12. ^ "City of San Gabriel, California, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Year ended June 30, 2009" (PDF). City of San Gabriel. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 21, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  13. ^ "Pio Pico - Last Governor of Mexican California".
  14. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: Pico Rivera". County of Los Angeles Public Library. Archived from the original on November 21, 2010. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
  15. ^ a b Gally, Sid (March 9, 2010). "Past on Parade: What was the San Gabriel Valley like in 1853?". Pasadena Star-News. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  16. ^ Paul R. Spitzzeri (Fall 2007). "What a Difference a Decade Makes: Ethnic and Racial Demographic Change in Los Angeles County during the 1860s" (PDF). Branding Iron.
  17. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. "Population of the United States in 1860: California" (PDF).
  18. ^ "San Gabriel - NWS Los Angeles/Oxnard NOAA Online Weather Data". Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  20. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - San Gabriel city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  21. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  22. ^ a b c d "Points of Interest". City of San Gabriel. Archived from the original on May 3, 2011.
  23. ^ a b Pierson, David (March 31, 2006). "Dragon Roars in San Gabriel". Los Angeles Times.
  24. ^ Jonathan Gold and Laurie Ochoa, "Cook's Walks: The Great Mall of China", Los Angeles Times, November 12, 1992.
  25. ^ "Welcome To The San Gabriel Square".
  26. ^ "Asian", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  27. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". City of San Gabriel. June 30, 2019. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  28. ^ "California's 27th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  29. ^ "City Council". City of San Gabriel. Archived from the original on December 22, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2007.
  30. ^ "San Gabriel Unified School District".
  31. ^ "Gabrielino High School: Best High Schools -".
  32. ^ "San Gabriel Unified School District Listing". Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  33. ^ "Jefferson Middle School". Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  34. ^ "Gabrielino High School - Homepage". Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  35. ^ "Del Mar High School, Daly Announcements". Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  36. ^ "Saint Anthony Catholic School. A Tradition of Excellence Since 1948". Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  37. ^ "San Gabriel Mission High School homepage". Archived from the original on November 30, 2010. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  38. ^ "Mission". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  39. ^ "School Overview". Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  40. ^ "Welcome to San Gabriel Christian School". Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  41. ^ a b c d e "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ a b "Residents Oppose HighSpeed Railway in Alhambra Monday Night". San Marino Tribune.
  43. ^ "Monrovia Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  44. ^ a b c "McConnell picks baseball's best ever". February 17, 2009.
  45. ^ "Bill Mumy Biography (1954-)".
  46. ^ Eskenazi, Gerald (July 16, 2003). "Tex Schramm Is Dead at 83; Builder of 'America's Team". The New York Times.
  47. ^ "Joanna Wang Lyrics".

External linksEdit