Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart

Lieutenant-General Charles Schaw Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart, KT (21 March 1721 – 14 August 1776) was a British soldier and diplomat. He was also chief of the Clan Cathcart.

Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart
Joshua Reynolds. Lord Cathcart (1753-5), Manchester Art Gallery.jpg
Lord Cathcart by Joshua Reynolds (1753–55) Manchester Art Gallery
Ambassador from Great Britain to Russia
In office
February 1768 – 1772
Preceded byGeorge Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney
Succeeded bySir Robert Gunning, 1st Baronet
Personal details
Born21 March 1721
Died14 August 1776 (aged 55)
CitizenshipBritish
NationalityScottish
SpouseJane Hamilton
OccupationDiplomat, soldier
NicknamePatch Cathcart
Military service
AllegianceKingdom of Great Britain
Branch/serviceBritish Army
Battles/warsWar of the Austrian Succession

Jacobite Rising of 1745

BiographyEdit

The son of Charles Cathcart, 8th Lord Cathcart, and Marion Shaw, he was born on 21 March 1721. Opposed to the restoration of the Stuart monarchy, he became an aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cumberland and during the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745, was shot in the face. Joshua Reynolds' portrait (1753–55) shows the black silk patch he used to cover the scar on his cheek. This seemingly earned him the soubriquet 'Patch Cathcart'. The following year at the Battle of Culloden, again acting as ADC to Cumberland, Cathcart was once more wounded in battle.

Charles was the last Lord Cathcart to inherit the family estate of Sundrum. Upon inheriting his mother's estates in Greenock he sold Sundrum to James Murray of Broughton in 1758.[1]

In 1763 he was created a Knight of the Order of the Thistle.

In February 1768 he was appointed ambassador at St Petersburg and was well received by Catherine the Great. He served at the Russian court until 1772. On his return to Britain he was elected Rector of Glasgow University in 1773.

He died on 14 August 1776.

Personal life and childrenEdit

On 24 July 1753 he married Jane Hamilton (1722–1771), daughter of Captain Lord Archibald Hamilton and Lady Jane Hamilton.

They had nine children:

RanksEdit

He held the following ranks:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Clan Cathcart Places & People".
  2. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741–1760. 16 June 1754.
  3. ^ "The Honourable Mrs Graham (1757–1792)". National Galleries Scotland.
  4. ^ "Cathcart, Lord (S, c. 1452)". Cracroftspeerage.co.uk. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 16 November 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2017.

External linksEdit

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by Ambassador from Great Britain to Russia
1768–1772
Succeeded by
Academic offices
Preceded by Rector of the University of Glasgow
1773–1775
Succeeded by
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Lord Cathcart
1740–1776
Succeeded by