Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn

Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn (born February 14, 1690 in Hertwigswalde at Kamenz in Silesia, died June 12, 1747 in Salzburg) was Bishop of Seckau, Bishop of Olmütz and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg.


Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn
Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg
Jakub Arnošt z Lichtenštejna.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
ArchdioceseSalzburg
SeeCathedral of Saints Rupert and Vergilius
Installed13 September 1745
Term ended12 June 1747
PredecessorLeopold Anton von Firmian
SuccessorAndreas Jakob von Dietrichstein
Other postsBishop of Olmütz
Bishop of Seckau
Personal details
Born(1690-02-14)14 February 1690
Hertwigswalde, Kamenz, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
Died12 June 1747(1747-06-12) (aged 57)
Salzburg, Archbishopric of Salzburg, Holy Roman Empire
NationalitySaxon
EducationCollegium Germanicum (ThD)

BiographyEdit

Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn came from the South Tyrol noble family Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn. His parents were Franz von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn, Imperial Privy Councillor, and Katharina b. Freiin Pavlovska. He studied philosophy and law in Brno and Olmütz. After he had decided on a spiritual career, he received in 1709 a canon in Olmütz and studied from 1709 to 1712 at the Collegium Germanicum in Rome, where he acquired a theological doctorate. After being ordained a priest in Rome in 1713, he worked for several years in the episcopal chancery in Olomouc and was at the same time an archdeacon in Troppau. In 1717 he was, after the renunciation of his brother, canon in Salzburg, where he soon rose to consistory president.

Bishop of SeckauEdit

On 17 January 1728, Pope Benedict XIII appointed Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn as Bishop of the Salzburg Diocese of Graz-Seckau (Eigenbistum); he succeeded Leopold Anton von Firmian, who became archbishop of Salzburg. The episcopal ordination took place on 14 March 1728. At the same time he became Salzburg Vicar General for Styria and the Neustädter district.

Bishop of OlmützEdit

After the death of Wolfgang Hannibal von Schrattenbach, Bishop of Olmütz, the cathedral chapter chose Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn as his successor on 11 October 1738. The papal confirmation of the election took place on 26 January 1739.

During his tenure, he donated to the college in Weißwasser. In order to procure work for the craftsmen, he arranged extensive work after the Prussian occupation of Olmütz in 1742 at the cathedral and at the prince-bishop's residence. On 12 May 1743, he crowned Maria Theresa of Austria in Prague's St. Vitus Cathedral as Queen of Bohemia. The pontifical garment he wore at this ceremony is now in the treasury of Saint Wenceslas Cathedral in Olmütz.

Archbishop of SalzburgEdit

After the death of Salzburg's Prince-Bishop Leopold Anton von Firmian, the cathedral chapter there chose Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn as his successor on 13 January 1745. Due to the high debts of the archbishopric, his short reign was overshadowed by disputes with the cathedral chapter. After his death he was buried in the crypt of the Salzburg Cathedral.

BibliographyEdit

  • Erwin Gatz: Die Bischöfe des Heiligen Römischen Reiches. Bd. 3, S. 275–276, ISBN 3-428-06763-0
  • Joachim Bahlcke u. a.: Handbuch der historischen Stätten Böhmen und Mähren. Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-520-32901-8
  • Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte der böhmischen Länder. Bd. 2, S. 446–447, ISBN 3-486-52551-4

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