Roman Catholic Diocese of Graz-Seckau
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The Roman Catholic Diocese of Graz-Seckau (Latin: Dioecesis Seccoviensis, German: Diözese Graz-Seckau) is a diocese comprising the Austrian state of Styria. It is part of the ecclesiastical province of Salzburg.
Diocese of Graz-Seckau
Dioecesis Seccoviensis (Latin)
Diözese Graz-Seckau (German)
|Metropolitan||Archdiocese of Salzburg|
|Area||16,392 km2 (6,329 sq mi)|
|(as of 2016)|
|Established||June 22, 1218|
|Patron saint||Saint Rupert|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Franz Lackner|
|Bishops emeritus||Egon Kapellari Bishop Emeritus (2001-2015)|
|Website of the Diocese|
The See of Seckau was founded on 22 June 1218, then the third suffragan of Salzburg after Gurk (1072) and Chiemsee (1215), by Archbishop Eberhard von Regensberg with permission by Pope Honorius III. Emperor Frederick II gave his consent on 26 October 1218; he conferred on the incumbent of the see the dignity of a Prince of the Roman Empire, though with no secular power. A fourth suffragan diocese, Lavant, followed in 1228.
The first bishop was Provost Karl von Friesach (1218–30) who had his see at Seckau Abbey in Upper Styria; his diocese only comprised 13 parishes. Most of the time, the Seckau bishops resided at Seggau Castle near Leibnitz and at Graz, they also served as vicars in the Duchy of Styria. Under the Habsburg emperor Joseph II, the diocese was reorganised and its territory enlarged. However, the original intention of the emperor to establish an archbishopric at Graz, the capital of Styria, was frustrated by the opposition of the Archbishop of Salzburg.
In 1786, the episcopal see was finally transferred from Seckau to Graz Cathedral, though the name of the diocese remained unchanged until 1963. A new cathedral chapter was installed, composed at first of three dignitaries and four canons. The see included thenceforth the Salzburg territory in Styria; at the same time, the short-lived Diocese of Leoben was created in Upper Styria. After the death of the first and only Bishop of Leoben, the administration of this see was again entrusted in 1808 to the Bishops of Seckau at Graz. The limits of Seckau are due to a regulation of 1859, incorporating the Diocese of Leoben into that of Seckau, while Seckau ceded Lower Styria with its (chiefly) Slovene-speaking population to the Diocese of Lavant with its see at Maribor (Marburg).
- Church of Göss Abbey, briefly the cathedral of the Diocese of Leoben (Dom Sankt Maria und Andreas): parish church; former abbey church and former cathedral
- Mariazell Basilica (Basilika Mariä Geburt) in Mariazell: minor basilica and national shrine
- Mariatrost Basilica (Basilika Maria Trost) in Mariatrost: minor basilica
- Church of Rein Abbey: abbey church and minor basilica
The Diocese also operates a religious museum (Diözesanmuseum), housed in the former Jesuit University building in the Graz Old Town across from the cathedral and the Church of St. Catherine of Alexandria with the mausoleum of Emperor Ferdinand II.
The current bishop, Wilhelm Krautwaschl, was appointed by Pope Francis on Thursday, April 16, 2015. He was Rector of the Episcopal Seminary in Graz and Vocations Director and Tribunal Judge (since 2006).
- Bishops of Graz-Seckau (Roman rite):
- Bishops of Seckau (Roman rite):
- Archbishop Josef Schoiswohl (1954.01.18 – 1963.04.22)
- Archbishop Ferdinand Stanislaus Pawlikowski (1927.04.26 – 1953.12.07)
- Bishop Leopold Schuster (1893.10.20 – 1927.03.18)
- Bishop Johann Baptist Zwerger (1867.08.14 – 1893.08.14)
- Bishop Ottokar Maria Graf von Attems (1853.09.10 – 1867.04.12)
- Cardinal Joseph Othmar von Rauscher (1849.01.29 – 1853.06.27)
- Bishop Roman Sebastian (Franz Xaver) Zängerle, O.S.B. (1824.05.18 – 1848.04.27)
- Fr. Simon Melchior de Petris (1812.04.19 – 1823.08.01)
- Bishop Johann Friedrich Graf von Waldenstein-Wartenberg (1802.07.21 – 1812.04.15)
- Archbishop Joseph Adam Graf Arco (1780.01.01 – 1802.06.03)
- Bishop Joseph Philipp Franz Reichsgraf von Spaur (1763.10.01 – 1780.03.20)
- Cardinal Leopold Ernest von Firmian (1739.02.13 – 1763.09.01)
- Archbishop Jakob Ernst Graf von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn (1728.01.17 – 1739.01.26)
- Archbishop Leopold Anton Eleutherius Reichsfreiherr von Firmian (1724 – 1727.12.22)
- Bishop Karl Joseph Reichsgraf von Kuenburg (1723.04.21 – 1723.10.04)
- Cardinal Joseph Dominicus von Lamberg (1712.03.13 – 1723.03.15)
- Bishop Franz Anton Adolph Graf von Wagensperg (1702 – 1712.02.18)
- Bishop Rudolf Joseph Reichsgraf von Thun (1690.02.16 – 1702.05.20)
- Archbishop Johann Ernst Reichsgraf von Thun (1679.12.29 – 1687.11.24)
- Bishop Wenzel Wilhelm Reichsgraf von Hofkirchen (1670.02.20 – 1679.11.06)
- Cardinal Maximilian Gandolph von Künburg (Apostolic Administrator 1668.11.12 – 1687.05.03)
- Cardinal Maximilian Gandolph von Künburg (1665.02.07 – 1668.07.30)
- Bishop Johannes Markus Freiherr von Aldringen (1633.08.22 – 1664.02.02)
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