1690 English general election

The 1690 English general election occurred after the dissolution of the Convention Parliament summoned in the aftermath of the Glorious Revolution, and saw the partisan feuds in that parliament continue in the constituencies. The Tories made significant gains against their opponents, particularly in the contested counties and boroughs, as the electorate saw the Whigs increasingly as a source of instability and a threat to the Church of England.

1690 English general election

← 1689 February – March 1690 1695 →

All 512 seats in the House of Commons
257 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Party Tory Whig Independent
Seats won 243 241 28

Following the election, William continued his policy of forming a coalition government around non-partisan figures. The nominal leader of the new government was the Marquess of Carnarvon, though the Tories were able to use their greater numbers in the House of Commons to increase their share of government positions. Contests occurred in 103 constituencies, 38% of the total.

Party strengths are as estimated by the History of Parliament,[1] though division lists for this parliament are not available and so a precise count may not be possible.[2]

English Parliament of General Election 1690

Summary of the constituencies


See 1796 British general election for details. The constituencies used in England and Wales were the same throughout the period. In 1707 alone the 45 Scottish members were not elected from the constituencies, but were returned by co-option of a part of the membership of the last Parliament of Scotland elected before the Union.

See also



  1. ^ Cruickshanks et al, Parliaments: 1690
  2. ^ Cook & Stevenson, p. 24


  • Cruickshanks, Eveline; Handley, Stuart; Hayton, David, eds. (2002), The House of Commons, 1690–1715, The History of Parliament, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John, eds. (2014). A history of British elections since 1689. ISBN 9780415521789.
  • Horwitz, Henry. "The General Election of 1690". Journal of British Studies, vol. 11, no. 1, 1971, pp. 77–91. online