Giuseppe Spinelli

Giuseppe Spinelli (1 February 1694 – 12 April 1763) was an Italian cardinal. He was prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

BiographyEdit

A native of Naples, he was ordained a priest in 1724. He was consecrated by Cardinal d'Alsace as titular archbishop of Corinthus in 1725, when he was appointed papal nuncio to Flanders. He was archbishop of Naples from 1734 until 1754. In this capacity, he conducted a search for the relics of Agrippinus, an early bishop of the city. He found a marble vase with the following words written: "Indeterminate relics that are believed to be the body of Saint Agrippinus."[1] He also summoned Stefano Pozzi to decorate the cathedral at Naples.

His clandestine attempt to introduce the Inquisition to Naples in 1746, resulted in a violent popular uprising, whereupon Charles III forced him to renounce his see and leave the capital. He did so with the greatest of reluctance, attempting first to remedy the situation from Rome, but finally resigned the Archbishopric in early 1754.[1]

In 1756, he became prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. He later became Bishop of Palestrina in 1753, Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina in 1759, and Bishop of Ostia in 1761. He belonged to the conservative zelanti faction in the College of Cardinals. He became Dean of the Sacred College in June 1761.

Spinelli died at Ostia in 1763.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Acton, Harold (1957). The Bourbons of Naples (1731-1825). London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571249015.[page needed]
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Carlos de Borja y Centellas
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Pudenziana
14 March 1735 – 25 September 1752
Succeeded by
Carlos de Borja y Centellas
Preceded by
Francesco Borghese
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere
25 September 1752 – 09 April 1753
Succeeded by
Joaquín Fernández Portocarrero
Preceded by
Antonio Xaverio Gentilis
Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
09 April 1753 – 13 July 1759
Succeeded by
Federico Marcello Lante
Preceded by
Francesco Borghese
Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina
13 July 1759 – 13 July 1761
Succeeded by
Camillo Paolucci
Preceded by
Rainiero d'Elci
Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia
17 July 1761 – 12 April 1763
Succeeded by
Carlo Alberto Guidoboni Cavalchini
Dean of the College of Cardinals
17 July 1761 – 12 April 1763

External linksEdit