Thomas Tollemache

Lieutenant General Tollemache, circa 1750

Thomas Tollemache (Talmash or Tolmach) (c. 1651 – 1694) was an English soldier.

Early LifeEdit

He was the second son of Sir Lionel Tollemache of Helmingham, Suffolk and his wife, Elizabeth, 2nd Countess of Dysart. [1] After the death of his father, his mother remarried in 1672 to the John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale who became his stepfather.

Military careerEdit

In 1678, he became captain in the Guards, with which he served in English Tangier with the Tangier Garrison; in 1685 he was made lieutenant-colonel of a regiment of fusiliers, but gave up his commission shortly after the accession of James II.[1]

Glorious RevolutionEdit

Tollemache abandoned King James in favour of the Protestant William of Orange who, in 1688 successfully usurped the English throne during the Glorious Revolution. For his services to William, now King William III, he was made governor of Portsmouth and colonel of the Coldstream Guards; in 1689 he was chosen an English member of parliament.[1]

Ireland and FlandersEdit

He served with his regiment during the War of the Grand Alliance, seeing action at the Battle of Walcourt in August 1689. In 1691 he served in Ireland with the rank of major general fighting on the Williamite side against the Jacobite Irish Army. He gained fame at the Battle of Aughrim and at the sieges of Athlone, Galway and Limerick. Following the Treaty of Limerick and the Flight of the Wild Geese he returned to serve on the Continent. In the Netherlands he added to his high reputation with his conduct at the battles of Steenkirk and Neerwinden. [1]

 
Tollemache painted by Godfrey Kneller

Raid on BrestEdit

In 1694 Tollemache proposed, and led, an expedition against the French port of Brest. The French however, had gained intelligence of the proposed attack and had reinforced the garrison and strengthened the port's defences. Although he led the English troops with great gallantry, they were beaten off with heavy losses. Tollemache, himself wounded, succumbed to his injuries, later dying in Plymouth in June 1694. He was buried in the church of St Mary's, Helmingham, Suffolk.[1]

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Tollemache, Thomas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • Wauchope, Piers. "Tollemache , Thomas (c.1651–1694)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27500. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Lloyd, Ernest Marsh (1898). "Tollemache, Thomas" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 56. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Estcourt
John Fitzherbert
Member of Parliament for Malmesbury
1689–1690
With: Charles Godfrey
Succeeded by
Goodwith Wharton
Preceded by
Alexander Popham
Sir Basil Firebrace
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
1692–1694
With: Alexander Popham
Succeeded by
Alexander Popham
Richard Long
Military offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Berwick
Governor of Portsmouth
1690–1694
Succeeded by
Thomas Erle
Preceded by
The Earl of Craven
Colonel of the Coldstream Guards
1690–1694
Succeeded by
The Lord Cutts
Preceded by
Sir Robert Holmes
Governor of the Isle of Wight
1693