Christian David

Christian David (1692–1751) was a German Lutheran missionary, writer and hymnwriter. He travelled as a missionary of the Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine, the Moravian Church, to Greenland and to Native Americans. He is known as the author of hymn stanzas that were included in "Sonne der Gerechtigkeit" in 1932.

Christian David
Kristián David (1692-1751).jpg
Christian David
Born(1692-02-17)17 February 1692
Senftleben, Moravia
Died3 February 1751(1751-02-03) (aged 58)
Herrnhut, Saxony
Occupation
OrganizationHerrnhuter Brüdergemeine or Moravian Church

David was raised in the Catholic Church. He worked as a carpenter and a soldier. He was impressed by the pietist movement and converted in 1714.[1] In 1722, he helped refugees from Moravia to escape the counter reformation to Saxony. There, he was a co-founder of the Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine,[1] working closely with of Nikolaus Ludwig Graf von Zinzendorf.[2] David went as a missionary of the Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine to Greenland and to Native Americans, among other places.[3] On a mission to Greenland, he cofounded in 1733 the settlement Neu-Herrnhut, with Matthias Stach and Christian Stach.[4][5]

David wrote a hymn "Seyd gegrüßt, zu tausendmahl" (Be welcome, a thousand times), published in 1728.[6] Two centuries later, Otto Riethmüller chose two of its stanzas for the hymn "Sonne der Gerechtigkeit", published first in 1932 in a song book for young people, Ein neues Lied (A new song), and later in many hymnals.[3] An additional stanza was added to the hymn in an ecumenical version in 1971.[6]

ReferencesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Ackermann, Andrea (2015). Evang, Martin; Alpermann, Ilsabe (eds.). 262/263 Sonne der Gerechtigkeit. Liederkunde zum Evangelischen Gesangbuch (in German). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. pp. 51–57. ISBN 9783647503448.
  • Brown, William (1816). Greenland. The History of Missions: Or, Of the Propagation of Christianity Among the Heathen, Since the Reformation. B. Coles V.D.M. pp. 290–295.
  • Eckert, Eugen (2007). ""Sonne der Gerechtigkeit" / Predigtmeditation zu einem ökumenischen Missionslied" (in German). Der evangelische Rundfunkbeauftragte beim WDR. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  • Kißkalt, Michael (2007). ""Sonne der Gerechtigkeit" / Predigtmeditation zu einem ökumenischen Missionslied" (PDF) (in German). Theologisches Seminar Elstal. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  • Lüdecke, Cornelia (2005). "East Meets West: Meteorological observations of the Moravians in Greenland and Labrador since the 18th century" (PDF). History of Meteorology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  • Nüssel, Friederike (22 June 2008). "Predigt Prof. Dr. Friederike Nüssel über EG 262" (in German). Heidelberg University. Retrieved 21 October 2017.