Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon

Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon (28 November 1692 – 10 June 1760), of Wytham Abbey, Berkshire and Rycote, Oxfordshire, was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat briefly in the House of Commons in 1715.

Early lifeEdit

Bertie was the son of James Bertie of Stanwell in Middlesex and Elizabeth Willoughby, and nephew of Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon. He matriculated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge on 27 November 1707.[1]

CareerEdit

The Berties were Tories, with a strong electoral interest in Westbury, where the Earls of Abingdon were lords of the manor. At the 1715 general election in January, Bertie stood for the seat, but a double return was made, with the mayor of Westbury returning two Tories, Bertie and Francis Annesley, and the constable returning two Whigs, George Evans and Charles Allanson.[2] The Whigs had been sponsored by Lord Cowper to challenge the Bertie interest.[3] The return for Bertie and Annesley was initially accepted on 28 March 1715 and they were declared elected, but on petition, a number of their voters were disenfranchised, and Evans (who had since been created Baron Carbery) and Allanson were declared elected on 1 June. Bertie did not stand for Parliament again, although at the 1722 election, his father James was returned with Annesley.[2][4]

Later life and legacyEdit

Bertie married Anna Maria Collins in August 1727 in Florence. In 1743, he succeeded his uncle as Earl of Abingdon. He remained a staunch Tory, as he declined to join the Oxfordshire association in defence of the Hanoverian succession during the Jacobite rising of 1745.[4]

Bertie died on 10 June 1760. He and his wife had nine children:

  1. Lady Elizabeth Peregrine Bertie (1728–1804), married Sir John Gallini
  2. Lady Jane Bertie (c. 1730 – 25 February 1791), married Thomas Clifton of Westby, Clifton and Lytham
  3. Lady Bridget Bertie (1732 – 9 December 1760), unmarried
  4. James Bertie, Lord Norreys (25 September 1735 – 12 October 1745), killed in a fire at Rycote
  5. Lady Anne Eleanora Bertie (c. 1737 – 19 April 1804), married Philip Wenman, 7th Viscount Wenman
  6. Willoughby Bertie, 4th Earl of Abingdon (1739/40–1799)
  7. Hon. Peregrine Bertie (of Weston-on-the-Green) (1741–1790)
  8. Lady Mary Bertie (12 November 1746 – 22 July 1826), married Miles Stapleton (d. 1809)
  9. Lady Sophia Bertie (6 November 1748 – 1760), unmarried

In 1764, the trustees of his estate sold some of his manors in Oxfordshire: Wendlebury to Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet,[5] and Chesterton to George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough.[6] In Wiltshire, Marden was sold to George Willy[7] and Patney to Robert Amor.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Foster, Joseph, ed. (1891). Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714. Oxford. pp. 106–141.
  2. ^ a b Lea, R. S. (1970). "Westbury". In Sedgwick, Romney (ed.). The House of Commons 1715-1754. The History of Parliament Trust.
  3. ^ Lea, R. S. (1970). "Allanson, Charles (?1662-1729), of St. Andrew's, Holborn.". In Sedgwick, Romney (ed.). The House of Commons 1715-1754. The History of Parliament Trust.
  4. ^ a b Lea, R. S. (1970). "BERTIE, Willoughby (1692-1760), of Wytham Abbey, Berks. and Rycote, Oxon.". In Sedgwick, Romney (ed.). The House of Commons 1715-1754. The History of Parliament Trust.
  5. ^ Lobel, Mary D, ed. (1959). "Parishes: Wendlebury". A History of the County of Oxford. Volume 6, Ploughley Hundred. London: Victoria County History. pp. 338–346. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  6. ^ Lobel, Mary D., ed. (1959). "Parishes: Chesterton". A History of the County of Oxford. Volume 6, Ploughley Hundred. London: Victoria County History. pp. 92–103. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  7. ^ Baggs, A P; Crowley, D A; Pugh, Ralph B; Stevenson, Janet H; Tomlinson, Margaret (1975). "Parishes: Marden". In Crittall, Elizabeth (ed.). A History of the County of Wiltshire. Volume 10. London: Victoria County History. pp. 119–125.
  8. ^ Baggs, A P; Crittall, Elizabeth; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H (1980). "Parishes: Patney". In Crowley, D A (ed.). A History of the County of Wiltshire. Volume 11, Downton Hundred, Elstub and Everleigh Hundred. London: Victoria County History. pp. 203–208.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Bertie
Francis Annesley
Member of Parliament for Westbury
1715
With: Francis Annesley
Succeeded by
The Lord Carbery
Charles Allanson
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Montagu Venables-Bertie
Earl of Abingdon
1743–1760
Succeeded by
Willoughby Bertie