Patriarch Joachim of Moscow

Patriarch Joachim (Russian: Иоаким; January 6, 1620 – March 17, 1690) was the eleventh Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, an opponent of the Raskol (the Old Believer schism), and a founder of the Slavic Greek Latin Academy.

Joachim
Иоаким
Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus'
Icon 02044 Patriarh Ioakim Moskovskij 1620-1690. Neizv. hud. XVII v. Rossiya.jpg
Patriarch Joseph, a 19th-century hand-drawn lubok
ChurchRussian Orthodox Church
SeeMoscow
PredecessorPitirim
SuccessorAdrian
Personal details
Born(1620-01-06)January 6, 1620
Sibkovo, 10 km south-west of Mozhayska, Russia
DiedMarch 17, 1690(1690-03-17) (aged 70)
BuriedDormition Cathadrel, Moscow Kremlin
ProfessionCivil Servant, Tsardom of Russia

Born Ivan Petrovich Savelov (Иван Петрович Савелов) also in some other sources as Ivan Petrovich Savyolov, Joachim was of noble origin. When his family died in the 1654 epidemic, he became a monk and served in various monasteries, receiving the religious name Joachim upon his tonsure.

Old Believer Priest Nikita Pustosviat Disputing with Patriarch Joachim on Matters of Faith. Painting by Vasily Perov (1880).

In 1664, Joachim was elevated to the rank of archimandrite and became hegumen (abbot) of the Chudov Monastery and in 1672 was consecrated as Metropolitan of Novgorod.[1] He was elected a Patriarch on July 26, 1674, following the death of Patriarch Pitirim. Although Joachim had participated in the council which deposed Patriarch Nikon, he continued Nikon's policies with regard to the Old Believers, and defending church authorities against the encroachments of Caesaropapism by the Tsars.

In 1686, he made an agreement with Bulgarian Rostislav Stratimirovic to aid in a revolt against the Ottomans. Patriarch Joachim also participated in, and directly supported the transfer of the Jurisdiction of the Metropolitanate of Kyiv from the Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Patriarchate of Moscow.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Pavel Tikhomirov, Kafedra Novgorodskikh Sviatitelei (Novgorod, 1895), vol. 2. (in Russian)

WorksEdit

  • Увет духовный
  • Слово поучительное

External linksEdit

Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by Patriarch of Moscow
1674–1690
Succeeded by