Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais

Bertrand-François Mahé, comte de La Bourdonnais (11 February 1699 – 10 November 1753) was a French naval officer and administrator, in the service of the French East India Company.

Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais
Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais.jpg
Mahé de La Bourdonnais. Retrat, per Antoine Graincourt
Born11 February 1699 Edit this on Wikidata
Died10 November 1753 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 54)

BiographyEdit

La Bourdonnais entered the service of the French East India Company as a lieutenant. In 1724, he was promoted to captain, and displayed such bravery in the capture of Mahé on the Malabar Coast that the name of the town was added to his own; although an alternative account suggests that the town adopted his name, rather than the other way around. For two years he was in the service of the Portuguese Viceroy, but in 1735 he returned to French service as governor of the Isle de France (now Mauritius) and the Île de Bourbon (Réunion). His first five years' administration of the islands was vigorous and successful. He significantly increased the African slave population in Isle de France (Mauritius) which grew from only 638 in 1735 by around 1300 annually. Labourdonnais also brought 70 slaves for his own estate.[1] [2]

In 1744 Labourdonnais assembled a squadron of 3342 men, including 720 slaves, and led a military expedition from Isle de France to Madras in India. His victory increased the rivalry with Governor of Pondicherry, Joseph François Dupleix. Soon Labourdonnais was accused of receiving money from the British and in 1746 he was forced to return to France to face trial and was jailed at the Bastille for 3 years. He was replaced by Pierre Félix Barthelemy David, the son of a director of the French East India Company.[3]

Recognition and legacyEdit

In 1742 his name was given to the main island (Mahé Island) of the Seychelles archipelago by French explorer Lazare Picault. In 1806 the French General Decaen founded and named the historic port village of Mahébourg in homage to Mahé de La Bourdonnais. In the village of Mapou, within Rivière du Rempart District, there is a castle (Le Château de Labourdonnais) dating back to 1859. Under British government a statue of La Bourdonnais was erected at Place D'Armes in Port Louis on 30 August 1859 during a ceremony.[4] In Curepipe a school called Lycée La Bourdonnais was founded in 1953, where the curriculum is modelled on practices in France.[5] There is another statue of La Bourdonnais in the port of Saint-Malo, France.[6] In Saint-Denis, Réunion a statue of La Bourdonnais was also erected, and a suburb is named Cité Labourdonnais. However the statue and suburb in Reunion island have been the target of anti-slavery protesters since 2020.[7][8]

FamilyEdit

In March and April 1738 two of Labourdonnais' children died and in May 1738 his wife also died on Isle de France (Mauritius). His daughter Montlezun Pardiac continued to live on Isle de France (Mauritius) and received an annual pension of 3,000 Louis following a vote in the National Assembly in August 1798. His grandson was Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais. In December 1827 a lead-lined coffin containing the remains of Labourdonnais' wife and child was discovered during repairs of a government building near the Jardin de la Compagnie.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Teelock, Vijaya (2016-12-29). Transition from slavery in Zanzibar and Mauritius a comparative history. Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa. pp. 25–43. ISBN 9782869786806.
  2. ^ "Truth and Justice Commission Report Vol.1" (PDF). Government of Mauritius. Retrieved 2021-07-04.
  3. ^ Vaughan, Megan (2005-02-01). Creating the Creole Island: Slavery in Eighteenth-Century Mauritius. Durham and London: Duke University Press. pp. 46–48. ISBN 9780822333999. Retrieved 2021-07-04.
  4. ^ De Burgh-Edwardes, S.D. "The History of Mauritius 1507-1914" (PDF). East and West Ltd. Retrieved 2021-07-05.
  5. ^ "Lycée La Bourdonnais : quand l'excellence s'ouvre sur le monde". Lagazette. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  6. ^ Jeannot, Alain. "Le rond point de Labourdonnais à St Malo". Zinfos. Retrieved 2019-06-16.
  7. ^ "RACISME : Mahé de Labourdonnais: Dans le viseur des Militants à la Réunion". Zinfos. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  8. ^ Quemener, Luna. "Cité Labourdonnais : changer de nom pour symboliser un nouveau cadre de vie". Linfo.Re. Retrieved 2021-02-07.
  9. ^ De Burgh-Edwardes, S.D. "The History of Mauritius 1507-1914" (PDF). East and West Ltd. Retrieved 2021-07-05.

Further readingEdit

AutobiographyEdit

  • B.-F. Mahé de La Bourdonnais: Mémoires historiques de B.-F. Mahé de La Bourdonnais, gouverneur des îles de France et de la Réunion, recueillis et publiés par son petit-fils... (Cte A.-C. Mahé de La Bourdonnais).   Paris, 1890 (with a second edition (Paris,1898))

BiographyEdit

  • Histoire, ou éloge historique de M. Mahé de La Bourdonnais. [n. p.: n. d.]
  • Île Maurice: Mahé de La Bourdonnais: documents réunis par le comité du bi-centenaire de La Bourdonnais, 11 février 1899, avec des annotations par le comité des souvenirs historiques. (2 août 1899).   Port-Louis : E. Pezzani, 1899
  • Étienne Buisson: Le mirage de l'Inde: la dramatique existence d'un grand Français au XVIIIe siècle : Bertrand Mahé de La Bourdonnais.   Paris : Hachette, 1937.
  • Pierre Crépin: Mahé de La Bourdonnais, gouverneur général des îles de France et de Bourbon (1699–1753) ... .   Paris : Leroux, n. d.
  • Louis Ducrocq: Une ingratitude nationale: La Bourdonnais, gouverneur des îles de France et de Bourbon, 1735–1746.   Arras : Sueur-Charruey, 1902 (Reprinted from the Revue de Lille of August 1902)
  • Philippe Haudrère: La Bourdonnais: marin et aventurier.   Paris : Desjonquères, 1992   ISBN 2-904227-63-6
  • E. Herpin: Mahé de La Bourdonnais et la Compagnie des Indes.   Saint-Brieuc : R. Prud'homme, 1905
  • Alfred de Longpérier-Grimoard: Notice historique sur La Bourdonnais.   Paris, 1856
  • Huguette Ly Tio Fane-Pineo: Île de France, 1715–1746. Tome I. L'émergence de Port Louis .   Moka (Île Maurice) : Mahatma Gandhi Institute, 1993   ISBN 99903-39-00-7
  • Michel Missoffe: Dupleix et La Bourdonnais: essai critique.   Paris : Ligue maritime et coloniale, 1943
  • Dureau Reydellet: Mahé de La Bourdonnais, gouverneur des Mascareignes.   Saint-Denis: Éd. CNH, 1994  (Cahiers de notre histoire ; 45–46)   ISBN 2-909471-14-4
  • Louis Roubaud: La Bourdonnais.   Publication : Paris : Plon, 1932   (Les grandes figures coloniales ; 10)
  • Jackie Ryckebusch: Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais : entre les Indes et les Mascareignes.   Sainte-Clotilde : Éd. du CRI, 1989  (Collection: Figures)   ISBN 2-907017-05-5
  • Robert Surcouf: Souvenirs historiques sur Mahé de La Bourdonnais: le combat de La Hogue. Eloge de La Tour d'Auvergne. Portzmoguer (Primauguet).   Saint-Malo, 1886
  • Le Guide de Pondichéry. L'unique guide français de Pondichéry. Editions Presse Bureau 2008/2009. Pondicherry.
  • Pondicherry Heritage Trail. Published by INTACH, Pondicherry. December 2007.

External linksEdit