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This is a list of megaprojects. "Megaprojects are temporary endeavours (i.e. projects) characterized by: large investment commitment, vast complexity (especially in organizational terms), and long-lasting impact on the economy, the environment, and society".[1] The number of such projects is so large that the list may never be fully completed.

DefinitionsEdit

Megaprojects may be defined as:

  • Projects that cost more than US$1 billion and attract a large amount of public attention because of substantial impacts on communities, environment, and budgets.
  • Projects can also be "initiatives that are physical, very expensive, and public".[2]

Megaprojects require care in the project development process to reduce any possible optimism bias and strategic misrepresentation. Examples of megaprojects include bridges, tunnels, highways, railways, airports, seaports, power plants, dams, wastewater projects, Special Economic Zones (SEZ), oil and natural gas extraction projects, public buildings, information technology systems, aerospace projects, and weapons systems.

This list identifies a wide variety of examples of major historic and contemporary projects that meet one or both megaproject criteria identified above.

Aerospace projectsEdit

Disaster cleanupEdit

 
Construction of the new confinement structure for the nuclear reactor that melted down at Chernobyl in Ukraine.
 
Bags of oily waste are piled up during the cleanup of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989.

While most megaprojects are planned and undertaken with careful forethought, some are undertaken out of necessity after a natural disaster occurs. There have also been a few man-made disasters.

Energy projectsEdit

 
EDF has said its third-generation EPR Flamanville 3 project (seen here in 2010) will be delayed until 2018, due to "both structural and economic reasons," and the project's total cost has climbed to EUR 11 billion in 2012.[11] Similarly, the cost of the EPR being built at Olkiluoto, Finland has escalated dramatically, and the project is well behind schedule. The initial low cost forecasts for these megaprojects exhibited "optimism bias".[12]
World's largest photovoltaic power stations as of 2017
Name Capacity
(MW)
Location Year Completed
Info
Longyangxia Dam Solar Park 850 Qinghai, China 2015[18]
Kamuthi Solar Power Project 648 Kamuthi, India 2016[19]
Solar Star I and II 579 USA 2015[20]
Topaz Solar Farm 550 California, USA 2014
Desert Sunlight Solar Farm 550 California, USA 2015
California Valley Solar Ranch 292 California, USA 2013
Agua Caliente Solar Project 290 Arizona, USA 2014
Largest operational solar thermal power stations
Name Capacity
(MW)
Location Notes
Ivanpah Solar Power Facility 392 Mojave Desert, California, USA Operational since February 2014. Located southwest of Las Vegas.
Solar Energy Generating Systems 354 Mojave Desert, California, USA Commissioned between 1984 and 1991. Collection of 9 units.
Mojave Solar Project 280 Barstow, California, USA Completed December 2014
Solana Generating Station 280 Gila Bend, Arizona, USA Completed October 2013
Includes a 6h thermal energy storage
Genesis Solar Energy Project 250 Blythe, California, USA Completed April 2014

Science projectsEdit

 
CMS detector for LHC

SpacecraftEdit

Other spaceflight projectsEdit

 
Apollo Program Saturn V awaiting launch

Sports and culture projectsEdit

Every Olympic Games and FIFA World Cup in the latter part of the 20th century and entering into the 21st century has cost more than $1 billion in arenas, hotels etc., usually several billions.

Olympic GamesEdit

  • See Cost of the Olympic Games—Note: Some values here are NOT shown on the other list due to research, which needs verification. Also the costs listed here were converted to US Dollars at the time of the games.
Year and Season Location Held Cost Special Notes
1976 Summer Olympics Montreal, Canada $1,580,000,000
1980 Summer Olympics Moscow, Russia $1,350,000,000
1988 Summer Olympics Seoul, South Korea $4,000,000,000
1992 Summer Olympics Barcelona, Spain $9,300,000,000
1992 Winter Olympics Albertville, France $2,800,000,000
1994 Winter Olympics Lillehammer, Norway $1,100,000,000
1996 Summer Olympics Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America $2,000,000,000
1998 Winter Olympics Nagano, Japan $20,000,000,000
2000 Summer Olympics Sydney, Australia $2,400,000,000
2002 Winter Olympics Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America $2,000,000,000
2004 Summer Olympics Athens, Greece $15,000,000,000
2006 Winter Olympics Turin, Italy $8,000,000,000
2008 Summer Olympics Beijing, China $44,000,000,000
2010 Winter Olympics Vancouver, Canada $6,400,000,000
2012 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom $15,200,000,000
2014 Winter Olympics Sochi, Russia $51,000,000,000
2016 Summer Olympics Rio de Janeiro, Brazil $16,300,000,000
2018 Winter Olympics Pyeongchang, South Korea $12,900,000,000
2020 Summer Olympics Tokyo, Japan
2022 Winter Olympics Beijing, China

Major League Baseball (MLB)Edit

Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Globe Life Field Arlington, Texas Under Construction $1,100,000,000 Planned to open in March 2020 as the new home of the Texas Rangers.
Oakland Ballpark Oakland, California Proposed $500,000,000 To be the new home of the Oakland Athletics.
Ybor Stadium Tampa Bay, Florida Proposed $892,000,000 To be the new home of the Tampa Bay Rays.
Yankee Stadium The Bronx, New York City, New York Completed $2,300,000,000 Opened in April 2009 and hosts the New York Yankees.

National Basketball Association (NBA)Edit

Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Barclays Center Brooklyn, New York City, New York Completed $1,000,000,000 It's the centerpiece of the Pacific Park Project, which opened in September 2012 for NBA games and is the current home of the Brooklyn Nets.
Chase Center (San Francisco) San Francisco, California Under Construction $1,000,000,000 To be Completed before the 2019-2020 NBA Season. It will be the new home of the Golden State Warriors.

National Football League (NFL)Edit

Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Mercedes-Benz Stadium Atlanta, Georgia Completed $1,500,000,000 Opened in 2017 as the new home of the Atlanta Falcons. Also hosts home games of the Major League Soccer team Atlanta United FC, which shares ownership with the Falcons.
AT&T Stadium Arlington, Texas Completed $1,300,000,000 Opened in May 2009 as the home of the Dallas Cowboys.
MetLife Stadium East Rutherford, New Jersey Completed $1,600,000,000 Opened in April 2010 as the home of the New York Giants and New York Jets.
Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park Inglewood, California Under Construction $2,600,000,000 Plans to open in 2020, the stadium will serve as the home to the Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Chargers.
U.S. Bank Stadium Minneapolis, Minnesota Completed $1,129,000,000 Opened in July 2016 as the new home of the Minnesota Vikings.
Las Vegas Stadium Paradise, Nevada Under Construction $1,900,000,000 Planned to open in 2020 as the new home of the relocated Las Vegas Raiders. Will also serve as home of the UNLV Rebels college football team.
Levi's Stadium Santa Clara, San Francisco Bay Area, California Completed $1,300,000,000 Opened in July 2014 as the new home of the San Francisco 49ers.

National Hockey League (NHL)Edit

North AmericaEdit

CanadaEdit
Project City/Province Status Cost Special Notes
Rogers Place Edmonton, Alberta Completed $1,000,000,000 Opened in late 2016 as the new home of the Edmonton Oilers.
United StatesEdit
Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Barclays Center Brooklyn, New York City, New York Completed $1,000,000,000 In September 2013 the Barclays Center became the new home of the New York Islanders, however, by 2015 it was realized that this new arena was no longer suitable and by December 2017 the New York Islanders announced that a new Hockey arena would be built in Elmont, New York.
Belmont Park Arena Elmont, Nassau County, New York In Development $1,000,000,000 Construction of this new arena is scheduled to occur sometime in 2019 and completion is expected sometime in 2021. This new multi-use arena is being designed to handle 18,000-seats and "will serve as the home of the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League (NHL)."[39] This new arena will also include other multi-use functions.

Culture HallsEdit

EuropeEdit

GermanyEdit
Project Community/Borough/City Status Cost Special Notes
Elbphilharmonie HafenCity, Hamburg-Mitte, Hamburg Completed $1,000,000,000 Construction began on 2 April 2007 and was completed on 31 October 2016. It officially opened on 11 January 2017 and it is located on the Grasbrook peninsula of the Elbe River. Elbphilharmonie roughly translated to English means Elbe Philharmonic Hall.

Roads & Transport infrastructureEdit

Ground transportation systems like roads, tunnels, bridges, terminals, railways, and mass transit systems are often megaprojects. Numerous large airports and terminals used for airborne passenger and cargo transportation are built as megaprojects.

AfricaEdit

West AfricaEdit

 
The Third Mainland Bridge is currently the longest of three bridges connecting the island of island of Lagos to the mainland.
NigeriaEdit
Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Abuja Light Rail Abuja, FCT Under Construction $2,650,000,000 The Abuja Light Rail project is a light rail transport system that is underway in Abuja in Federal Capital Territory. The first phase of the project will connect the city centre to Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, stopping at the Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway station in Idu. The project is 84% complete as of January 2017,[40] and is expected to open in early 2018.[41] The first phase of the project cost $824 million,[40] while the second phase will be costing $1.79 billion.[42]
Fourth Mainland Bridge Ikorodu to Lekki, Lagos State Under Development $4,200,000,000 The fourth mainland bridge will join three other bridges connecting the Island of Lagos to the mainland. The 38 km bridge and expressway will become the longest bridge and expressway in the world when completed.[43]
Lagos–Calabar Railway From Lagos, Lagos to Calabar, Cross River Under Development $11,920,000,000 The Lagos–Calabar Railway is a planned standard gauge railway that will run from Lagos through to Calabar. The first phase of the project (Calabar-Port Harcourt) is expected to be completed by 2018. The total length of the rail will be 1,402 kilometres.[44]
Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway From Lagos, Lagos to Kano, Kano State Under Construction $8,300,000,000 The Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway is a standard gauge railway across Nigeria, from the port of Lagos to Kano, near the Niger border. The railway will run parallel to the British-built Cape gauge line, which has a lower design capacity and is in a deteriorated condition. The Abuja-Kaduna route is completed and operational, whilst the Lagos-Ibadan route is underconstruction, and several other routes are underdevelopment. The total length of the rail will be 2,733 kilometres.[45]
Lagos Rail Mass Transit Lagos, Lagos Under Construction $3,600,000,000 The Lagos Rail Mass Transit is an urban rail system being developed and under construction in Lagos. The system is envisioned to consist eventually of seven lines.[46] The railway equipment including electric power, signalling, rolling stock, and fare collection equipment will be provided by the private sector under a Concession Contract, while LAMATA is responsible for policy direction, regulation, and infrastructure for the network. The first section of the network, Phase I of the Blue Line, was originally planned to be completed in 2011. After many delays caused by funding shortfalls, the opening date was revised to 2017.[47][48]
Lekki Port Lekki, Lagos State Under Construction $1,650,000,000 The Port at Lekki is a new seaport in Lekki, and construction commenced in 2015. The port is planned to be developed in phases to meet the growing demand; phase one is expected to be operational by 2018.[49] The port is financed by private investors and a consortium of banks who have funded the project with $1.65 billion so far.[50]
Third Mainland Bridge Lagos, Lagos State Completed The Third Mainland Bridge is currently the longest of three bridges connecting the island of Lagos to the mainland. It was completed in 1990 and became the longest bridge in Africa. The bridge was built by Julius Berger Nigeria PLC and it measures about 11.8 km in length.

AsiaEdit

East AsiaEdit

People's Republic of ChinaEdit
Project City/District/Province/Prefecture Status Cost Special Notes
China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Area from Kashgar, China to South coast of Pakistan Under Development $62,000,000,000 The project aims to connect Gwadar Port in southwestern Pakistan (Central Asia/South Asia) to China’s northwestern (East Asia) autonomous region of Xinjiang, via a network of highways, railways and pipelines to transport oil and gas.[51] The economic corridor is considered central to China–Pakistan relations and will run about 3,000 km from Gwadar to Kashgar. Other than transport infrastructure, the economic corridor will provide Pakistan with telecommunications and energy infrastructure. The project also aims to improve intelligence sharing between the countries.
Beijing Daxing International Airport Daxing District, Beijing & Guangyang District, Langfang, Hebei Province Under Construction $13,000,000,000 Scheduled for Completion and Opening in 2019.
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (HKZMB) Pearl River Delta Completed $10,600,000,000 Due to open in 2018.
JapanEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Japan's Maglev High-Speed Rail (Chūō Shinkansen) Tokyo-Nagoya-Kyoto, Japan Under Construction $85,000,000,000 JR Central aims to begin commercial service between Tokyo and Nagoya in 2027, with the Nagoya-Osaka section to be completed by 2045.

South AsiaEdit

IndiaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Hyderabad Metro Rail Hyderabad, Telangana Under Construction $2,500,000,000 To respond to the rising public transport need and mitigate escalating vehicular traffic and is set to be Completed/Operational by November 2018.
Navi Mumbai International Airport Navi Mumbai, Mumbai, Maharashtra Under Construction $2,500,000,000 The airport project, aimed at easing air traffic congestion at CSIA is expected to be completed by 2019.
PakistanEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Ravi Riverfront Development Project Lahore Under Development $7,000,000,000 Sprawling over an area of 70,000 acres, the RRDZ project entails high-quality residential, commercial, institutional, cultural and recreational zones along both sides of the river at a stretch of 33 km.[52] The riverfront will be dotted with highrise condominiums, modern piers, boardwalks and 70 per cent area dedicated to trees to make it environment friendly.[53] Around 25,000 acres of riverfront would be sold to investors for business, cultural and lifestyle activities.[54]

Southeast AsiaEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit Project Malaysia Under Development $50,000,000,000 A part of another mega project to transform Malaysia and Kuala Lumpur into one big Megapolis called as Greater Kuala Lumpur.

Southwest Asia (a.k.a. the Middle East)Edit

QatarEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Doha Metro Doha Under Construction $36,000,000,000 Set for Full Completion sometime in 2026 and stretch 300 km.
Qatar Expressway Programme Doha Under Construction US$28 billion (CAPEX) Spread across 78 major projects, the Expressway Programme in one of the world's largest road infrastructure projects that will deliver more than 800 kilometres of new or upgraded roads and more than 200 interchanges for the rapidly developing State of Qatar.

Driven by Qatar National Vision 2030 and catering to the 2022 FIFA World Cup, the Public Works Authority, Ashghal, is working to create an infrastructure backbone designed to improve highway capacity, connectivity, and safety to meet current and future economic and social growth.[55]

KuwaitEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah Causeway Project Kuwait Bay Under Construction $3,000,000,000 Set for Completion sometime in 2019 and once complete it will be the launching point Madinat Al-Hareer in Subiya, Kuwait; which is north of Kuwait City across Kuwait Bay.
IsraelEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway Between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem Under Construction $1.9–2.8 billion
Tel Aviv Light Rail Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area Under Construction $12,000,000,000 The project will consist of three new lines: the Red Line costing around ILS 14 billion & the Green and Purple Lines costing around ILS 30 billion.
Saudi ArabiaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
King Abdulaziz Airport Expansion Jeddah Under Construction $7,200,000,000 Scheduled for completion and official opening on 1 January 2019.
Riyadh Metro Riyadh Under Construction $23,500,000,000 Its 109 miles of railway will revolutionize how residents of Riyadh get around. It's set to begin operation by 2019.
United Arab EmiratesEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Al Maktoum International Airport Dubai Under Construction $82,000,000,000 Upon completion it will be the fourth largest airport in the world.[56]

Central America (Latin America)Edit

PanamaEdit

Project City Status Cost Special Notes
4th bridge over the Panama Canal Panama In planning $1,400,000,000 To be built by a Chinese consortium of China Communications Construction with China Harbour Engineering. The bid for choosing the construction company was heavily criticized in the media, and also by Astaldi, Daelim, China State Construction Engineering Corporation and China Railway Group Limited, over lack of transparency and due process. Dragados s.a. Exited the bid without saying why.
Panama Metro line 1 Panama Completed $1,800,000,000
Panama metro line 2 Panama Under Construction $2,000,000,000[57]
Panama metro line 3 Panama In planning $2,600,000,000[58]

EuropeEdit

European Union (AS A WHOLE)Edit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
TEN-T Core Network Europe Under Construction $550,000,000,000 The purpose of the project is connect nine European Corridors, east-west and north-south. The nine corridors are the Baltic-Adriatic Corridor, the North Sea-Baltic Corridor, the Mediterranean Corridor, the Orient/East-Med Corridor, the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridor,[59] the Rhine-Alpine Corridor, the Atlantic Corridor, the North Sea-Mediterranean Corridor, and the Rhine-Danube Corridor.[60]

Czech RepublicEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Blanka tunnel complex Prague Completed $1,970,000,000 The longest city tunnel in Europe at 5.5 km. The three continuous tunnels improve traffic in the northern part of Prague as well as reducing the load on the main transit route through the city center.

GreeceEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Athens Metro Athens Under Construction $6,480,000,000 Line 2 and Line 3 of Athens Metro were constructed between 1992 and 2000 (Line 1 began operation in 1869).[61] The construction of lines 2 and 3 (including their ongoing extensions) cost €4.30 billion.[62] Line 4 is set to begin construction in 2019 with a budget of €1.45 billion.[63]
Egnatia Odos Greece Completed $6,690,000,000 Construction began in 1995, and a total of 670 kilometres (420 mi) of motorways running along the general route of the ancient Roman Via Egnatia.[64] It runs from Igoumenitsa, in Epirus, crosses Western Macedonia, Central Macedonia, and ends on Greece's border with Turkey in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace. The project cost €5.93 billion.[64]
Ionia Odos Greece Completed $1,240,000,000 Construction began in 2006, and a total of 196 kilometres (122 mi) of motorways running north-south through Western Greece, from Ioannina to the Rio-Antirio Bridge, were built.[65] The project had a budget of over €1.1 billion.[65]
Thessaloniki Metro Thessaloniki Under Construction $1,770,000,000 The purpose of the project is to create a 35-station underground rapid transit system in Greece's second-largest city. Currently phases 1 and 2 (18 stations) are under construction and will be operational by late 2020 at a price tag of €1.57 billion.[66]
Tithorea-Domokos bypass Greece Under Construction $2,030,000,000 Construction began in 1997, and a total of 106 kilometres (66 mi) of high-speed railways running between the towns of Tithorea and Domokos were built as a bypass to the existing conventional mountainous railway line linking Thessaloniki in the north with Athens in the south, including 35.5 kilometres (22.1 mi) of tunnels and 6.8 kilometres (4.2 mi) of bridges.[67] The project had a budget of over €1.8 billion.[65] Part of the bypass opened in 2017, with the rest opening in 2018.

NorwayEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Coastal Highway E39 Trondheim to Kristiansand Proposed $25,000,000,000 The purpose of the project is to replace all the ferry links along the route with fixed connections in order to reduce travel time from 21 hours to 11 hours.

PortugalEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Vasco da Gama Bridge Lisbon Completed $1,100,000,000 Construction began in February 1995; the bridge was opened to traffic on 29 March 1998, just in time for Expo 98, the World's Fair that celebrated the 500th anniversary of the discovery by Vasco da Gama of the sea route from Europe to India.

It is the longest bridge in Europe (including viaducts), with a total length of 12.3 kilometres (7.6 mi), including 0.8 kilometres (0.50 mi) for the main bridge and 11.5 kilometres (7.1 mi) in viaducts. The Bridge is served by 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) of dedicated access roads. It was built to alleviate the congestion on Lisbon's 25 de Abril Bridge, and eliminate the need for traffic between the country's northern and southern regions to pass through the capital city.

MontenegroEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Bar-Boljare motorway Montenegro Under Construction $3,000,000,000 Construction began on 11.05.2015; The length of the route of the highway is 40.871 km, and national road standards of Montenegro are adopted, with reference to the European specifications as well. These construction standards will be applied for the two-way four-lane highway, with the speed of 100 km/h according to the design, and the construction period of 4 years. The highway stretches from south to the north across the mountains. In technical terms it is very demanding, and the construction is very challenging. Bridges and tunnels make up to about 60% of the entire route. In recent years, it is the largest infrastructure project in Montenegro, and the implementation of the project is very challenging.

SwitzerlandEdit

Project City/Canton Status Cost Special Notes
Gotthard Base Tunnel Bodio, Canton of Ticino (End) & Erstfeld, Canton of Uri (Start) Completed CHF 9.560 billion ≈ $10,300,000,000 At 57 km, the World's longest and deepest rail tunnel upon its Completion in 2015.

United KingdomEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
High Speed 2 England Under Construction $96,000,000,000 Completion planned for 2026 (phase 1), 2033 (phase 2)
London Crossrail Project London, England Under Construction $26,000,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2020.

North AmericaEdit

 
The new Port Mann Bridge with the old bridge fully demolished.

CanadaEdit

Project City/Province Status Cost Special Notes
Southwest Calgary Ring Road Calgary, Alberta Under Construction $5,000,000,000+ "...extend from Lott Creek Boulevard on Glenmore Trail/Highway 8 south to Macleod Trail (Highway 2A) and is approximately 21 kilometres long."[68] Set for Completion in Fall 2022.
New Champlain Bridge Corridor Project Montréal to Brossard, Québec Under Construction $4,239,000,000 Set for Completion in 2019.[68]
Réseau express métropolitain Montréal, Québec Under Construction $6,300,000,000 Set for Completion in 2021.[68]
Confederation Bridge The Maritimes, Prince Edward Island Completed $1,300,000,000 The 12.9 km bridge is the longest bridge in the world crossing ice-covered water.
Line 5 Eglinton Toronto, Ontario Under Construction $9,100,000,000 Set for Completion in 2021.[68]
Port Mann Bridge Vancouver, British Columbia Completed $1,930,000,000 The widest bridge in the world (until the Bay Bridge's east span recently opened), the bridge east of Vancouver, B.C., which opened in 2012, remains the second-longest bridge in North America. The cable-stay bridge uses an impressive 288 cables to reach a total bridge length of 6,866 feet.
 
Baluarte Bridge under construction, 10 March 2012

Mexico (Latin America)Edit

Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Durango-Mazatlán Highway Durango-Sinaloa Completed $1,400,000,000 Construction in 2008 and was completed in 2012. Upon this projects completion, President Felipe Calderón received a Guinness record certifying that the Baluarte Bicentennial Bridge is the highest suspension bridge in western Mexico.
New International Airport for Mexico City Mexico City Under Construction $13,300,000,000
 
Boston's highway system before and after the Central Artery/Tunnel Project
 
The completed replacement and the old eastern span of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (2013)
 
The Evergreen Point Floating Bridge viewed from the east end in Medina shortly after opening in April 2016

United StatesEdit

Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Big Dig Boston, Massachusetts Completed $14,600,000,000 Estimated to cost $22 billion after interest.
C.R.E.A.T.E. Chicago, Illinois Under Construction $3,200,000,000 Is a "public-private partnership to reduce rail and highway congestion while adding freight and passenger capacity in the metropolitan Chicago area to support the increase of intermodal traffic."[69]
O'Hare Modernization Chicago, Illinois Under Construction $8,800,000,000 Construction began in 2001 with an initial cost of $6.6 Billion, however, over the last few years additions to the Modernization Plan brought on by the Chicago City Councils approval on new leases to American and United, has increased to the cost by $2.2 Billion, which will include a new terminal where Terminal 2 now sits as well as 2 remote concourses. The completion of the O'Hare Modernization is expected to occur sometime in 2026.
Crescent Corridor Expansion Eastern Coast States-East South Central States-Gulf Coast States Under Construction $2,500,000,000 Freight rail company Norfolk Southern will utilize special intermodal trains on its freight rail network running from New York to Louisiana. This project covers 2,500 miles & and 13 States, which "is expected to be fully developed by 2020."[70]
Ohio River Bridges Project Louisville, Kentucky Completed $2,300,000,000[71] A Louisville metropolitan area transportation project involving the reconstruction of the Kennedy Interchange (locally known as "Spaghetti Junction"), the completion of two new Ohio River bridges and the reconstruction of ramps on Interstate 65 between Muhammad Ali Boulevard and downtown.
Second Avenue Subway Project Manhattan, New York City, New York Under Construction $17,000,000,000 The Proposed full line would be 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long with 16 stations and a projected ridership of 560,000 people. Phase 1 of the project, which runs from 96th Street to 57th Street and 7th Avenue, opened 1 January 2017. Other Phases of the project are either under development or are under construction.
LaGuardia Airport Project Queens, New York City, New York Under Construction $4,000,000,000 A Complete retrofit of the entire Airport slated to be Completed by 2022.
San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Eastern Span San Francisco-Oakland, California Completed $6,400,000,000 The Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge began in 2002 and was Completed in 2013. Currently the Old East Span is being deconstructed and removed for recycling while the foundations are being demolished with explosives or converted for other uses.
California High-Speed Rail San Francisco-Los Angeles, California Under Construction $70,000,000,000 An 808 mile high-speed rail system is expected to be Completed in phases up to 2030. Currently some of the funding is being held up in Congress by lack of agreement between Democrats and Republicans.
Alaskan Way Viaduct replacement tunnel Seattle, Washington Under Construction $3,100,000,000 South-End Viaduct Replacement Started 2008 and Completed 2014. SR 99 Tunnel started 2011 set for Completion in 2021. Mitigation Projects started 2008 set for Completion in 2019. Other Miscellaneous Projects started 2007 and set for Completion in 2023.
Evergreen Point Floating Bridge (2016) Seattle, Washington Completed $4,560,000,000 This 7,710-foot-long floating bridge is the longest in the world. The new State Route 520 bridge replaced the previous world's longest Evergreen Point Floating Bridge across Lake Washington, connecting Seattle to points east. The new structure, rising 20 feet above the water, opened to traffic in spring 2016.
Sound Transit 3 Seattle, Washington Under Construction $50,000,000,000 This project is to expand the current Light Rail and Bus system currently in use in Seattle, which is to be Completed in Stages from 2020 till 2041.
Silver Line (Washington Metro) Washington, D.C. Under Construction $6,800,000,000 Phase 1 on the project is to link the Capital to Dulles International Airport and to four edge cities Tysons, Reston, Herndon, and Ashburn, which opened 26 July 2014. Phase 2 is to help with urban development of Tysons Corner and reduce overall reliance on highway traffic in the business district, Virginia's largest and 12th-largest in the country, which is to be Completed by 2020.

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

Project City/Province Status Cost Special Notes
Cross River Rail Brisbane, Queensland Proposed $5,400,000,000 To be completed in 2024. The crossing will be a tunnel under the river, and the first rail-only Brisbane River crossing since the completion of the Merivale Bridge in 1978.[72]
OneSKY Canberra, ACT Under Development $2,000,000,000 To be completed in 2024. National Air Traffic Control System Australia.[73]
Metro Tunnel Melbourne, Victoria Under Construction $10,000,000,000 To be completed late 2025. The line will run from South Kensington, underground via North Melbourne, Parkville, CBD, Domain and South Yarra. It will include a tunnel under the Yarra River.|hhyps
Central Station to Eveleigh Redevelopment Sydney, New South Wales Proposed $10,000,000,000 Extension of Sydney's CBD. The renewal corridor approximately 3 km in length.[74]

Planned cities and urban renewal projectsEdit

Infrastructure systems that include electricity, sewer, telecommunications, and transportation. Building cities that include Skyscrapers, housing, etc. requires concrete, steel, glass, and most especially that workers in all the trades to undertaker the massive scale of these megaprojects.

AfricaEdit

North AfricaEdit

EgyptEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Madinaty Egypt Under Development $10,000,000,000 Expected to open by 2014, "houses 600,000 population."[75]
Proposed new capital of Egypt Egypt Under Construction $45,000,000,000 Construction began in 2015 and is Expected to open by 2022, houses 250,000 population

Southern AfricaEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Modderfontein New CityNew Gauteng City South Africa Under Development $7,800,000,000 Modderfontein infrastructure development of residential, industrial and commercial space by Chinese developer Shanghai Zendai. Start dated 2015 completion dated 15 to 20 years later.[76][77]

West AfricaEdit

 
Abuja, FCT in Nigeria, which was built mainly in the 1980s, was the fastest growing city in the world between 2000 and 2010, with an increase of 139.7%, and still expanding rapidly.[78]
NigeriaEdit
Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Abuja FCT Completed The planned capital city of Nigeria, which was built mainly in the 1980s. It officially became Nigeria's capital on 12 December 1991, replacing Lagos, and has since witnessed a huge influx of people into the city. As at 2006, the city of Abuja had a population of 776,298, making it one of the ten most populous cities in Nigeria, with an estimated metropolitan population of well over three million. Abuja is currently amongst the four largest urban areas in Nigeria.[79]
Asokoro Island[80] Abuja, FCT Under Construction $1,000,000,000 A peninsula development located in Asokoro district, in Abuja. The mixed-use development is approximately 60 hectares of land, located at the shores of Pendam Lake. Its residential development ranges from apartment buildings to villas. They are majorly luxury properties with private balconies, mezzanines, floor-to-ceiling windows, swimming pool and sun terrace etc. The commercial and work section presents hotels, offices, shopping malls, business and primary schools.[81]
Centenary City Abuja, FCT Under Construction $18,000,000,000 Project by the Nigerian Government, Eagle Hills of Abu Dhabi and Julius Berger Nigeria PLC to build a smart city to mark the country's centennial anniversary. Project broke ground on June 19, 2014 and has an anticipated timeline of 10 to 15 years to completion. The city, which is located in the Federal Capital Territory, anticipates over 400,000 residents.[82]
Eko Atlantic Lagos State Under Construction $6,000,000,000 A planned city of Lagos State, Nigeria, being constructed on land reclaimed from the Atlantic Ocean. The project broke ground in 2007 and is being spearheaded by South Energyx Nigeria Ltd. Upon completion the project anticipates at least 250,000 residents and an additional daily flow of 150,000 commuters.[83]
FESTAC Phase 2 Lagos, Lagos State Under Development $2,400,000,000 In 2014, The Ministry of Housing and Urban Development signed deal with the New Festac Property Development Company, to develop the second phase of Festac Town. Since the award, the company has been carrying out extensive preliminary project development activities including surveys, field studies, site investigation, environmental impact assessment, and town planning for the project.[84]
Lekki Lagos State Under Construction A peninsula city which is 755 square kilometres. Lekki Phase 1 has been completed and it currently houses several Estates and gated residential developments; other phases of the project include, areas allocated for a Free Trade Zone, with an airport, and a sea port under construction. The proposed land use master plan for the Lekki envisages the Peninsula as a "Blue-Green Environment City", expected to accommodate well over 3.4 million residential population and an additional non-residential population of at least 1.9 million.[85]

AsiaEdit

East AsiaEdit

ChinaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Todtown Shanghai Under Construction $1,500,000,000 A Mix-use development started Construction in 2014 and is set for Completion in 2020.
 
Image of the proposed sky mile tower
JapanEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Roppongi Hills Tokyo Completed $4,000,000,000 One of Japan's largest integrated property developments.
Sky Mile Tower Tokyo Proposed UNKNOWN If built, Completion would probably be in the year 2045 and stand at 1.7 km in height with a population of around 55,000 people.

South AsiaEdit

 
Navi Mumbai, the world's largest planned city.
IndiaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Area from Delhi to Mumbai, India Under Development $90,000,000,000 Conceived as a global manufacturing and trading hub, the project is expected to double employment potential, triple industrial output and quadruple exports from the region in five years. The total employment to be generated from the project is 3 million, the bulk of which will be in the manufacturing/processing sectors. The project initially aims to create seven smart cities distributed along the backbone of the dedicated freight corridor between Delhi and Mumbai.
Navi Mumbai India Under Construction $13,346,000,000 World's largest planned city. Contains a population of 2.6 million.[86]
Gujarat International Finance Tec-City India Under Development $20,000,000,000 The smart city is being built as a global financial hub to provide world class infrastructure for the Indian financial industry to grow.[87] When completed, it will outclass France's La Défense, Tokyo's Shinjuku and London's London Docklands in every aspect.[88] It is expected to be finished by 2017–2018.
SmartCity, Kochi Kochi, India Under Development $1,000,000,000 (for the 1st phase) First phase of project to be completed by 2020.[89]
PakistanEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Islamabad Islamabad Completed The new capital city of Pakistan. A planned city located on north of Rawalpindi. The city has population of 2.2 million.[90]
Bahria Town Karachi Under Development $1,000,000,000 Bahria Town Karachi is a world-class master planned community near Pakistan largest port city Karachi This city is designed with a neighborhood concept to provide worldclass lifestyle facilities having Sports city, IT City, Entertainment Complex, Five Star Hotels and Residential Area.[91] The city is built on a 70560 acres piece of land located near Karachi.
DHA City, Karachi (DCK) Karachi Under Development The green and sustainable city is to be built on a 4,700 hectares piece of virgin land located several kilometres northeast of Karachi.[92] Upon completion, the new city which is still under development is anticipating at least 250,000 residents and a daily flow of 50,000 commuters.[93]
Ravi Riverfront Development Project Lahore Under Development $7,000,000,000 Sprawling over an area of 70,000 acres, the RRDZ project entails high-quality residential, commercial, institutional, cultural and recreational zones along both sides of the river at a stretch of 33 km.[52] The riverfront will be dotted with highrise condominiums, modern piers, boardwalks and 70 per cent area dedicated to trees to make it environment friendly.[53] Around 25,000 acres of riverfront would be sold to investors for business, cultural and lifestyle activities.[54]
LDA City Lahore Under Development LDA City is the biggest housing society project ever undertaken by LDA,[94] and is the largest housing society in Punjab, Pakistan. The city is to be built on a 3,059 hectares (7560 acres) piece of virgin land located several kilometres south of Lahore.
Mubarak Center and new Central Business District at Gulberg Lahore Under Development $3,200,000,000 A new Central Business District for the city of Lahore to be built at land previously occupied by Walton Airport which will provide Lahore with a modern set of skyscrapers while the city itself retains most of its original architecture and historical character.[95]
Pak-US Knowledge Corridor Pakistan and United States Under Development Pak-Us Knowledge Corridor (PUKC) is a minister-proposed mega project. This project was proposed by Minister for Planning and Development Ahsan Iqbal, the term US-Pakistan Knowledge Corridor, he used to boost cooperation between Pakistan and America in education sector.
Sri LankaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Colombo Port City Colombo Under Construction $15,000,000,000 A planned offshore city in Colombo, Sri Lanka which is to be built on reclaimed land adjacent to the Galle Face Green. The city will use construction resources from the Colombo Harbour Expansion Project, currently under construction near the site of this proposed city.[96]

Southeast AsiaEdit

IndonesiaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
BSD City Greater Jakarta Completed An area half the size of Paris, encompasses an area of about 6000 hectares BSD City is the most ambitious urban planning scheme in Indonesia to combine housing, business and commercial properties.
Lippo Cikarang Greater Jakarta Completed $18,750,000,000 Lippo Cikarang is an industrial park with an area of 332 hectares, which also has apartment, hotel, office, shopping center, retail, school and university, hospital, convention center and other supporting facilities.
Pantai Indah Kapuk Jakarta Completed Pantai Indah Kapuk (PIK) is a well-planned model town in North Jakarta, spreading over 1200 hectares of land.
Ancol Dreamland Jakarta Completed Ancol Dreamland is currently the largest integrated tourism area in South East Asia with an area of about 600 hectares, boasting an international championship golf course, a theme park, an oceanarium, a convention centre, beaches, hotels and other recreational facilities.
Pluit City Jakarta Bay Under Development Standing on 160 hectares of artificial/reclaimed land, located on an open water at Jakarta Bay, Pluit City is a stunning modern city that will become a valuable addition to the capital city of Jakarta.
MalaysiaEdit
Project City/District Status Cost Special Notes
KL River City Kuala Lumpur In Development $11,638,736,500 "...the rehabilitation and transformation of a 2.2km stretch of Sungai Gombak, comprises 320 acres of potential development area..."[97]
Forest City Johor Bahru Under Construction $40,000,000,000 To Be Completed in 2035.
Iskandar Malaysia Johor Bahru Under Construction $100,000,000,000
Putrajaya Putrajaya, Sepang District Completed $8,100,000,000 In 1999 most of the seats of government moved from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya.
PhilippinesEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Lancaster New City Zone 1 and Zone 2 Cavite Under Construction

Ongoing 2,000 hectare township project in the buzzling province of Cavite. Touted to be a full pledged city, Lancaster New City has its own transport terminal, several campuses throughout the project, a 25 Hectare BPO center, a Church, Multiple club houses and retail strip complex. Future expansions are on going with Zones 3, 4 and 5 that consists of low rise residential complexes.

Nuvali Laguna Under Construction Situated at Laguna's 2290 hectare land, Nuvali is the second largest township development in the Philippines. To date, approximately 50 percent of the total land area of Nuvali has been developed, along with the road networks surrounding the commercial and residential developments. It has its own educational institutions, shopping areas, hotel, soccer field, and a bike trail.
Bonifacio Global City Manila Completed A new CBD area for Metro Manila, previously occupied by the Philippine Army headquarters.
Pagcor City Manila Bay Under Development $15,000,000,000 A casino and entertainment hub project, dubbed as the "Philippines' Las Vegas".
Clark Green City Pampanga Under Construction $59,288,000,000 The 9,450-hectare master-planned property will be the Philippines’ most modern and the first technologically-integrated city with a mix of residential, commercial, agro-industrial, institutional and information technology developments. Modeled after South Korea's Songdo City, with sustainable buildings and efficient power and energy use operated by Singapore's SSR C-Solar power plant.
Eastwood City Quezon City Completed Ongoing project of MegaWorld Corporation, one of the biggest real-estate companies in the Philippines.

Southwest Asia (a.k.a. the Middle East)Edit

AzerbaijanEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Khazar Islands Azerbaijan Under Construction $100,000,000,000 Artificial archipelago 25 km (16 mi) south of Baku, Azerbaijan consisting of 41 islands spreading 3,000 hectares (about 11.6 sq mi) over the Caspian Sea. Expected to be finished by 2020–2025, and house a population of 1 million.
IraqEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
The Bride of the Gulf Basra Proposed Basra is in the midst of rebuilding and is in need of something that will return it to its pre-Hussein period.
JordanEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Abdali Project[98][99] Amman, Jordan Under Development $5,000,000,000 Project is being developed on 384,000 square metres (0.148 sq mi) of land, intending to create a total built-up area of over 1,700,000 square metres (0.66 sq mi) consisting of hotels, apartments, offices, commercial outlets and entertainment.[98][99]
KuwaitEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Madinat al-Hareer Kuwait Under Development $132,000,000,000 Proposed 250 km2 (62,000-acre) planned urban area in Subiya, Kuwait an area just opposite Kuwait City across Kuwait Bay.
QatarEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Lusail Al Daayen Municipality Under Development $45,000,000,000 Planned to be a host city of the 2022 FIFA World Cup, planned population of 260,000 people
Saudi ArabiaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Jeddah Economic City Jeddah Under Construction $20,000,000,000 Will host both commercial and residential development including homes, hotels, and offices. The centerpiece of the development project will be the $1.2 Billion Jeddah Tower, a tower planned to become the tallest in the world.
Jubail City Center Jubail Under Construction $80,000,000,000 Jubail will be the biggest industrial city in the world and is expected to be Completed in 2026.
Masjid Al-Haram Mecca Under Construction $100,000,000,000 The Saudi government is reportedly paying as high as 500,000 Saudi riyals (around $133,000) per square meter to the owners of the buildings close to the mosque in return for the expropriation. This brings the total figure to around $100 billion. Slated to Completed by 2020.
Neom (Neo-Mustaqbal) Neom In Development $500,000,000,000 Saudi Arabia's most ambitious mega-city project ever, which is to build a city "from scratch on 10,231 square miles of untouched land in the northwestern region of Saudi Arabia, including territory from within the Egyptian and Jordanian borders."[100] At the core of this new city will be Artificial Intelligence.[101]
King Abdullah Financial District Riyadh Under Construction $78,000,000,000 About a fifth (Phase 1) of the project is completed.
King Abdullah Economic City Saudi Arabia Under Construction $100,000,000,000 Currently in various stages of Construction and Completion stages.
 
The Burj Khalifa in October 2012.
United Arab EmiratesEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Masdar City Abu Dhabi Under Construction $22,000,000,000 The city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a sustainable, zero-carbon, zero-waste ecology and will be a car free city.
Yas Island Abu Dhabi Under Development $36,000,000,000 It occupies a total land area of 2,500 ha (25 km2), of which 1,700 ha will be claimed for development. The island holds the Yas Marina Circuit, which hosts the Formula One United Arab Emirates Grand Prix since 2009.
Burj Al Arab Dubai Completed $1,000,000,000 Completed and Opened in 1999, it is the 3rd tallest hotel in the World.
Burj Khalifa Dubai Completed $1,500,000,000 Originally call the Burj Dubai, the Burj Khalifa is currently the tallest building in the World and has held that title since its Completion and Grand Opening on 4 January 2010.
Dubai Meydan City Dubai Under Construction $2,200,000,000 Expected Completion date about 2020.
Falconcity of Wonders Dubai Under Development $36,500,000,000
Business Bay Dubai Under Development $30,000,000,000 Comprises 240 high and low rise buildings, mostly residential and mixed use skyscrapers.
The World Dubai Under Development $14,000,000,000 Artificial archipelago of various small islands constructed in the rough shape of a world map. Development has slowly restarted.
Palm Jumeirah Dubai Completed $12,300,000,000 It is the world's largest man-made island.
Dubai Marina Dubai Completed World's largest man-made marina, with 200 residential and hotel high rises.
Palm Jebel Ali Dubai On-Hold $4,000,000,000 Will accommodate over 250,000 people by 2020.
Palm Deira Dubai On-Hold Will be the largest palm island, in Dubai.
Dubai International City Dubai Under Construction $95,000,000,000 A country-themed architecture of residences, business, and tourist attractions.
Jumeirah Garden City Dubai On-Hold $95,000,000,000 Will be built across an area north of Sheikh Zayed Road between Diyafa Street and Safa Park.
Dubai Waterfront Dubai Under Development Expected to become the largest waterfront and largest man-made development in the world.
Dubailand Dubai Under Construction $64,300,000,000 Will be world's largest Retail and Entertainment World, twice the size of Walt Disney World Resort, it include 45 mega projects and 200 sub projects. Currently, there are 22 projects under development. Expected Completion Date about 2020.
The Universe Dubai On-Hold A planned artificial archipelago in the shape of the Milky Way and Solar System.
The Tower Dubai Under Construction $1,000,000,000 Located at Dubai Creek Harbour, The Tower will be a mixed-use skyscraper that will be a notch taller than the Burj Khalifa when Completed in 2020.
Mall of the World Dubai Under Construction $6,806,425,500 To be located along the Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Road and set to Open in 2029.

EurasiaEdit

Republic of Turkey (Europe West and Asia East of the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles)Edit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
İstanbul Finance Center İstanbul Under Development $5,000,000,000 Apart from the main urban renewal project of İstanbul. It will station in Ataşehir
Turkey Urban Renewal Project Turkey Under Development $400,000,000,000[102][103] Renewals are being conducted all over Turkey but mainly on İstanbul[104] as Law 6306 announced by Ministry of Environment and City Planning (Turkey).[105] Fikirtepe, a neighborhood of Kadıköy has been chosen as pilot area for project.[106] Construction started in 2012 and is expected to take 20 years to complete setting for 2032.

Russia (Europe West and Asia East of the Ural Mountains)Edit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Moscow International Business Center Moscow Under Construction $12,000,000,000 Construction on Plots 1, 2-3, 4 (Tower 1), 6-8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, and 19 is completed. Construction on Plots 4 (Tower 2), 15, and 17-18 is in progress.
Lakhta Center Lakhta, Saint Petersburg Under Construction $2,500,000,000 Replaces the Okhta Center, which was cancelled due to official objections of UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
Okhta Center Saint Petersburg Cancelled $2,500,000,000 Never built, will be replaced by the new project Lakhta Center

EuropeEdit

FranceEdit

Project Commune Status Cost Special Notes
Europa City Gonesse Under Construction $3,400,000,000 Construction began on the 8.6-million-square foot mixed-use development north of downtown in 2016 and is expected to be Completed by 2024.
La Défense (1958 - 2014) Courbevoie
Nanterre
Puteaux
Completed $10,000,000,000+ The Central Business District of the Paris Metropolitan area, La Défense provides France with a modern set of skyscrapers while Paris itself retains most of its original architecture and character.
La Défense (2016–Present) Courbevoie
Nanterre
Puteaux
Under Construction $1,000,000,000+ The Central Business District of the Paris Metropolitan area, La Défense provides France with a modern set of skyscrapers while Paris itself retains most of its original architecture and character. This current round of the project includes modernize, refurbish and green the area.

GermanyEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Potsdamer Platz Redevelopment Berlin Completed Project divided onto four parts in which four investors bids in turn.
HafenCity Hamburg Under Development Completion expected in 2020–2030

RomaniaEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Esplanada City Center Bucharest Cancelled $4,200,000,000

SpainEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Bilbao Renovation Project Bilbao Completed In the 1990s, the city began a de-industralisation process, which radically changed its image. After closing several factories and decontaminating the city's river, several megaprojects were built. A whole new airport, designed by Spanish world-famous architect Santiago Calatrava, a metro system designed by British Lord Norman Foster, a recovery of the city's old fashioned tram network changed the city's public transport system. The Iberdrola Tower, which is Bilbao's tallest building, the Alhondiga, the Zubizuri bridge and several other significant buildings changed the city center's polluted past. The whole renovation process started because of the construction of The Guggemheim Museum Of Bilbao, the city's landmark and main museum.
CTBA - Madrid Financial District Madrid Completed est. $1,000,000,000 A complex of four skyscrapers, each about 240 metres high, located on one of Madrid's most expensive avenua, La Castellana. The towers were built on Real Madrid's former Ciudad Deportiva, and were completed in 2008. The tallest building is Torre Cepsa, designed by world-famous architect Norman Foster, and has a height of 249 metres, making it Spain's tallest structure.

SwedenEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Movement of Kiruna Centrum Kiruna Under Development $2,100,000,000 Entire project to be completed between 2020 and 2021.[107]
Northvolt Gigafactory Skellefteå & Västerås Under Development $4,700,000,000 "It would make it the biggest li-ion battery factory in Europe and comparable in size to the first phase of Tesla’s Gigafactory 1 in Nevada, a project that Peter Carlsson, Founder and CEO of Northvolt, and Paolo Cerruti, COO of Nortvolt, both worked on."[108]

United KingdomEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Big City Plan Birmingham, England Under Development $17,000,000,000
Stratford City London, England Under Development £3,500,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2020.

North AmericaEdit

 
Verclaire Gate South in Downtown Markham.

CanadaEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Downtown Markham Markham, Ontario Under Construction $4,000,000,000 One of the many city center projects in York Region. Scheduled for Completion in 2025.

Mexico (Latin America)Edit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Cancún Quintana Roo Completed One of main tourist destinations in the world.
Santa Fe, Mexico City Mexico City Completed Before the city dump, today one of largest CBDs in the world.
 
Brickell Key in Miami.
 
Las Vegas CityCenter, the largest set of resorts in the largest gambling center in the world.

United StatesEdit

Project Borough/County/City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Pacific Park Brooklyn, New York City, New York Under Construction $8,000,000,000 The project's centerpiece, Barclays Center, opened in September 2012. The project name Atlantic Yards has been renamed Pacific Park, Brooklyn. The Project is expected to be Completed by 2025 at the earliest.
Vista Tower Project Chicago, Illinois Under Construction $1,000,000,000 Set for Completion in 2020.
Brickell Key Claughton Island, Miami, Florida Completed $2,000,000,000+ A man-made island called Claughton Island[109] off the mainland Brickell neighborhood of Miami, Florida.
Apple Park Cupertino, California Completed $3,000,000,000+ The "spaceship", as it is nicknamed, is Apple's new flagship headquarters (formally named Apple Campus 2). Taking the shape of a giant ring, it is expected to house over 14,000 employees. It was completed and opened in April 2017.
Encore Boston Harbor Everett, Massachusetts Under Construction $2,500,000,000 Planned to open in 2019, the casino resort property is the largest single private development in Massachusetts history.
CityCenter Las Vegas, Nevada Completed $11,000,000,000 The largest privately financed development in the United States.
Wilshire Grand Center Los Angeles, California Completed $1,200,000,000 Set to be Completed 23 June 2017. It is the tallest building in Los Angeles, the tallest building in California, and the tallest building west of the Mississippi at a height of 1,100 feet.
Riverside South Manhattan, New York City, New York Under Construction $3,000,000,000 An urban development project in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City.
Battery Park City Manhattan, New York City, New York Completed $1,400,000,000+ Mainly a residential 92-acre (37 ha) planned community at the southwestern tip of the island of Manhattan in New York City, New York, United States, more than  1⁄3 of which is parkland.[110]
Cornell Tech Campus Manhattan, New York City, New York Under Construction $2,000,000,000 Construction began in 2014 on the South end of Roosevelt Island. Phase 1 to be Completed in 2017 and Phase 2 to be Completed sometime later.
Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project Manhattan, New York City, New York Under Construction $20,000,000,000 A mixed-use real estate development currently being built over the 28-acre West Side Rail Yard.
Rebuilding of the World Trade Center Manhattan, New York City, New York Re-Construction In Progress $32,000,000,000[111] Recovery from the September 11 attacks. One, Three, Four, and Seven World Trade Center Towers completed 2006-2018. Two, Five, and Six World Trade Center Towers are either In Development, Currently On Hold, or will NEVER be Rebuilt.
53W53 Manhattan, New York City, New York Nearing Completion $1,200,000,000 Formerly the Tower Verre is a Supertall Skyscraper with a Museum and Residential Condominiums. Expected Completion by the end of 2018.
Comcast Technology Center Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Nearing Completion $1,500,000,000 Ninth-tallest building in the Western Hemisphere as well as the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere outside of Manhattan and Chicago at a height of 1,121 feet, which is expected to be Completed in 2018.
Gigafactory 1 Reno, Nevada Under Construction $5,000,000,000 3 Blocks (14%) of the total 21 Blocks of the factory Completed and the remaining 18 Blocks to be completed by 2020.
The Transbay Redevelopment Area San Francisco, California Under Construction $4,500,000,000 The redevelopment of began in June 2005 and is expected to be fully Completed around 2030, includes a new Transbay Transit Center and the newly opened Salesforce Tower. The Salesforce Tower is a 1,070-foot Supertall Office Skyscraper just completed in the South of Market district of downtown San Francisco at a cost of $1,100,000,000.
San Francisco Shipyard and Candlestick Redevelopment San Francisco, California Under Construction $8,000,000,000 Set to be Completed sometime after 2028.
Treasure Island Redevelopment San Francisco, California In Development $6,000,000,000 Set to be Completed by 2028.
The Mission Bay Redevelopment San Francisco, California Under Construction $1,000,000,000
Parkmerced San Francisco, California Under Construction $1,350,000,000 Expected to be Completed by 2035.
Washington State Convention Center Seattle, Washington Under Construction $1,600,000,000 This expansion project is expected to be Completed in 2020.
Sasol Ethane Cracker Complex Project Westlake-Mossville-Lake Charles, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana Under Construction $8,900,000,000 Sasol is constructing a world-scale petrochemical complex in Southwest Louisiana, which will roughly triple the company’s chemical production capacity in the U.S. and enable it to build on its strong positions in robust and growing global chemicals markets.

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Queen's Wharf Brisbane Brisbane, Queensland Under Construction $3,000,000,000 Integrated Resort Development located on the north bank of the Brisbane River in the Brisbane central business district. Entire project to be completed by 2024.[112]
Barangaroo Sydney, New South Wales Under Construction $6,000,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2023
Victorian Desalination Plant Williamsons Beach, Dalyston-Wonthaggi, Bass Coast Shire, Victoria Completed $4,000,000,000 Built to provide more drinking water to Melbourne because in the mid-2000s the city's water reserves were at 28% of capacity.

New ZealandEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Rebuilding of Christchurch New Zealand Re-Construction In Progress $17,000,000,000 Recovery from earthquakes in 2010–2011. Rebuild of central business district, demolition and remediation of several residential neighbourhoods now deemed unsuitable for building. Infrastructure upgrades and addition of commuter rail. Entire project to be completed by 2020.

South America (Latin America)Edit

BrazilEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Brasília Brasília Completed $21,900,000,000 At the close of the 20th century, Brasília held the distinction of being the largest city in the world which had not existed at the beginning of the century.[113] Construction cost for Brasília in 1957 was about $2.5 Billion.[114]

ColombiaEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Bogota Urban Renewal Bogota Under Development $50,000,000,000 One of the most ambitious projects in Latin American history. Includes building over 60 skyscrapers, 500 highrises, 3 new CBDs, a subway system, and a smart city near Usaquén. The project is meant to establish Bogota as the financial, industrial, and technological capital of Latin America.

Water-relatedEdit

Ports, waterways, canals, and locks for Passenger Ships and Cargo Ships carrying passengers and cargo from country to country and islands nations are built as megaprojects

AfricaEdit

North AfricaEdit

 
Old and New Suez Canal
EgyptEdit
Project Province(s) Status Cost Special Notes
New Suez Canal Ismailia and Suez Completed $8,400,000,000 In August 2014, work started on expanding the Suez Canal, dubbed the "New Suez Canal" was completed and opened on 6 August 2015.
Suez Canal Ismailia and Suez Completed $1,725,950,238.22 A man-made canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea cost $100 million in 1869.

West AfricaEdit

NigeriaEdit
Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Badagry Deep Sea Port Badagry, Lagos State Under Construction $2,300,000,000 Construction started in January 2016, and the project is expected to have a "soft Launch" in 2018.[115][116]
Lekki Port Lekki, Lagos State Under Construction $1,650,000,000 The Port at Lekki is a new seaport in Lekki, and construction commenced in 2015. The port is planned to be developed in phases to meet the growing demand; phase one is expected to be operational by 2018.[49] The port is financed by private investors and a consortium of banks who have funded the project with $1.65 billion so far.[117]

AsiaEdit

East AsiaEdit

ChinaEdit
Project City/District/Province Status Cost Special Notes
Three Gorges Dam Sandouping, Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei Province Completed $59,000,000,000 The Yangtze River Project began in 1994 and was Completed in 2003.
South–North Water Transfer Project South to North China Under Construction $79,000,000,000[118] No timeline to indicate a completion date of this project and no telling how much more the project will cost.
JapanEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Kamaishi Tsunami Protection Breakwater Kamaishi, Iwate Completed $1,500,000,000 Completed in March 2009, it soon became the tsunami barrier that failed to protect Kamaishi during the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.

South AsiaEdit

Sri LankaEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Colombo Harbour Expansion Project Colombo Completed $1,200,000,000 Construction began in 2008 and completely finished on 8 August 2013.

Southwest Asia (a.k.a. the Middle East)Edit

IsraelEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
National Water Carrier of Israel Completed ~$1,100,000,000 Completed in 1956
United Arab EmiratesEdit
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Dubai Marina Dubai Completed World's largest man-made marina, with 200 residential and hotel high rises.
Dubai Waterfront Dubai Suspended Expected to become the largest waterfront and largest man-made development in the world.

Caribbean (Latin America)Edit

CubaEdit

Project City/Province(s) Status Cost Special Notes
New Port of Mariel Development Project Mariel, Artemisa Completed $900,000,000[119] Though the project falls $100 million short of the billion dollar mark, it still counts as mega project for Cuba the first of many in 50+ years.

Central America (Latin America)Edit

NicaraguaEdit

Project City/Province(s) Status Cost Special Notes
Nicaragua Canal Proposed est. $100,000,000,000 Formally the Nicaraguan Canal and Development Project (also referred to as the Nicaragua Grand Canal, or the Grand Interoceanic Canal) is a planned shipping route through Nicaragua to connect the Caribbean Sea (and therefore the Atlantic Ocean) with the Pacific Ocean. Its viability has been questioned by shipping experts and engineers[120]
 
New Panama Canal expansion project. July 2015

PanamaEdit

Project Province(s) Status Cost Special Notes
Panama Canal Colón Province and Panamá Province Completed $8,961,664,698.46 Originally constructed by the United States for about $360 million. Opened on 15 August 1914 with a series of locks, canals, and lakes which connect ships traveling between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
Panama Canal Expansion Colón Province and Panamá Province Completed $5,250,000,000 The Expansion Opened 26 June 2016.

EuropeEdit

NetherlandsEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Zuiderzee Works Central A man-made system of dams and dikes, land reclamation and water drainage work, in total the largest hydraulic engineering project undertaken by the Netherlands during the twentieth century.
Delta Works Southwest A series of construction projects in the southwest of the Netherlands to protect a large area of land around the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta from the sea.

North AmericaEdit

CanadaEdit

Project City/Province Status Cost Special Notes
Rideau Canal Kingston to Ottawa Completed £822,804 (January 1834) A 202 km waterway opened in 1832 to provide a secure supply and communications route between Montreal and the British naval base in Kingston.

Mexico (Latin America)Edit

Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Port of Veracruz Expansion Veracruz Under Construction $5,000,000,000

United StatesEdit

Project City/State Status Cost Special Notes
Intracoastal Waterway Boston, Massachusetts to Brownsville, Texas A 3,000-mile (4,800 km) inland waterway along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts of the United States, running from Boston, Massachusetts, southward along the Atlantic Seaboard and around the southern tip of Florida, then following the Gulf Coast to Brownsville, Texas.

South America (Latin America)Edit

BrazilEdit

Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Porto Maravilha Rio de Janeiro Completed $35,700,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2015.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit