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Usaquén is a residential and commercial locality (district) in northeastern Bogotá, capital of Colombia. It is designated as Bogotá's #1 locality, while being a separate municipality of Cundinamarca until 1954, when it was annexed into the city. Today, Usaquén is home to more than 480,000 inhabitants as projected by 2008.[2] The Eastern Hills form the natural border to the east.

Usaquén
Locality of Bogotá
Santa Barbara Financial Center
Santa Barbara Financial Center
Location of the locality in the city of Bogotá
Location of the locality in the city of Bogotá
Location of the locality in the Capital District of Bogotá
Location of the locality in the Capital District of Bogotá
Coordinates: 4°43′11″N 74°02′12″W / 4.71972°N 74.03667°W / 4.71972; -74.03667Coordinates: 4°43′11″N 74°02′12″W / 4.71972°N 74.03667°W / 4.71972; -74.03667
Country  Colombia
City Bogotá D.C.
Area
 • Total 65.31 km2 (25.22 sq mi)
Elevation 2,650 m (8,690 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 449,621
 • Density 6,900/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website
Church of Santa Bárbara de Usaquén
Cedritos

Contents

General informationEdit

BordersEdit

Sites of interestEdit

  • The colonial quarter of Usaquén includes most of the buildings which belonged to the old municipality of the same name. These buildings are characterized by its Spanish colonial style architecture, similar of those in the La Candelaria neighborhood. Some important buildings in the area include: the Santa Barbara church (constructed in 1665 and modernized in the 20th century), the old country manor of the same name (now a mall) and the San José de Usaquén seminar and a variety of good restaurants.
  • Country Club, the largest golf club in Bogotá
  • Hacienda Santa Barbara, a colonial style Hacienda that now serves as a shopping mall
  • Unicentro, Bogotá shopping mall, dating back to the mid seventies
  • Santa Ana Centro Comercial, shopping mall
  • Weekly Mercado de Las Pulgas (translated, Flea Market) - Takes place every Sunday on and around Plaza Usaquén. It is popular with local Bogotans as well as visitors. It is a place to shop for handicrafts, and various knick knacks. The main focus is on enjoyment. People come to enjoy the ambience. There is often entertainment on the square including bands, dancers, jugglers and mime artists. There is also a variety of local snacks and deserts available. Visitors often combine the visit with lunch on one of the many up=market restaurants in the area.

HistoryEdit

The name comes from the cacique Usaque, who was ruling the area of the southern Muisca as part of the Muisca Confederation. Usaque in Muysccubun means "under the pole".[3] In 1537 conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada and his troops arrived on the Bogotá savanna. Usaquén was abandoned by Spanish decree in 1777. It was gradually repopulated by people from Bogotá, and was host to some fighting during the war for Colombian independence. It was re-founded as a municipality in 1846, and in 1860 it was the scene of a battle between government troops and Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera. After winning that battle, Cipriano took power of the country.

Until 1954, the municipality covered 71 square kilometres (27 sq mi), starting from Avenida España in the south and ending 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) to the north along the road to Chía. It had traditionally been a spot for Bogotá's elites to maintain country homes. When it was integrated into the city, it maintained many of its municipal institutions, but with the supervision of Bogotá's mayor. Under the new constitution of 1991, Bogotá was reorganized into localities. Usaquén was numbered first of twenty.

On December 31, 1978, the guerrilla group M-19 took the military base called Cantón Norte, robbing the arsenal.

Neighbourhoods and parksEdit

NeighbourhoodsEdit

Among the important neighbourhoods are: Lijacá, Verbenal, San Antonio, Servitá, San Cristóbal Norte, Toberín, Barrancas, Cedritos, Bella Suiza, La Carolina, Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, San Gabriel Norte, Cantón Norte, Francisco Miranda, Las Margaritas, San Patricio and the colonial heart of Usaquén.

ParksEdit

Torca, located at the extreme north, is the locality's largest park. The Country Club's polo area was acquired by the District and transformed into a metropolitan park for northern Bogotá.

EducationEdit

Gimnasio Alessandro Volta, a private Italian international school, is in Usaquén.[4]

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Spanish) Population 2007 - DANE
  2. ^ "Cifras de Proyecciones de Población - Años 2004 a 2008: Proyección de la población por localidades" (PDF). bogota.gov.co:8443. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  3. ^ (in Spanish) Etymology Usaquén
  4. ^ Home page. Gimnasio Alessandro Volta. Retrieved on November 21, 2015. "GIMNASIO ALESSANDRO VOLTA Cll. 119 No. 4-79 Usaquén[...]Bogotá - Colombia"