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Abuja Rail Mass Transit commonly known as Abuja Light Rail is a light rail transport system in Abuja in FCT, Nigeria. It is first rapid transit in the country and in Western Africa and second such system in sub-saharan Africa (after Addis Ababa Light Rail). The first phase of the project connects the city center to Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, stopping at the standard gauge railway station in Idu. The Abuja Metro Line was launched on 12 July 2018[1] and opened for passengers the following week.[2]

Abuja Rail Mass Transit
LocaleAbuja, FCT, Nigeria
Transit typeLight metro
Number of lines2
Line numberYellow line, Blue line
Number of stations12
System length44.7 km (27.8 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map
Abuja Rail Mass Transit.svg



The Abuja rail mass transit project Phase 1 consists of a 'Lot 1' and 'Lot 3' line.

Lot 1 Line consists of Lot1A and Lot1B line. Total length is 23.718 km (14.738 mi).

Lot 1A (Proposed Stations) - Idu - Gwa Gwa - Dei Dei - Jibi - Gbazango - Byazhin - Kubwa

Lot 1B (Proposed Stations) - Ring Road 1 - Garki - Transportation Centre - Wuse - Employment Centre - Utako - Jabi I - Jabi II - Ring Road III - Gwarinpa - Karmo

Lot 3 (Proposed Stations) - Abuja - Stadium - National Park - Ring Road II - Wupa - Idu - Airport North - Airport

The complete network is planned to link Abuja with satellite towns such as Nyanya, Kubwa, Mararaba and Lugbe.

$US840 million, 78 km (48 mi) Abuja Light Rail System (ALRS).[3]

Some of the lines extend from the Federal Capital Territory into the neighbouring states.

Lines and stationsEdit

The first part of the network was commissioned on July 12, 2018, twelve stations opened in this first phase.[4]

Yellow lineEdit

The Yellow line travels from Abuja's Central Business District to Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport.

Stations Location
Abuja Metro 9°03′02″N 7°28′19″E / 9.0505°N 7.4719°E / 9.0505; 7.4719
Stadium 9°02′45″N 7°27′06″E / 9.0459°N 7.4517°E / 9.0459; 7.4517
Kukwaba I 9°02′25″N 7°26′28″E / 9.0402°N 7.4410°E / 9.0402; 7.4410
Kukwaba II 9°01′50″N 7°25′21″E / 9.0306°N 7.4226°E / 9.0306; 7.4226
Wupa 9°01′29″N 7°23′42″E / 9.0247°N 7.3950°E / 9.0247; 7.3950
Idu 9°02′48″N 7°20′32″E / 9.0466°N 7.3421°E / 9.0466; 7.3421
Bassanjiwa 9°00′49″N 7°16′57″E / 9.0136°N 7.2824°E / 9.0136; 7.2824
Airport 9°00′22″N 7°16′19″E / 9.0062°N 7.2720°E / 9.0062; 7.2720

Blue LineEdit

The Blue Line travels from Idu to Kubwa.

Stations Location
Idu 9°02′48″N 7°20′32″E / 9.0466°N 7.3421°E / 9.0466; 7.3421
Gwagwa 9°05′24″N 7°17′07″E / 9.0901°N 7.2852°E / 9.0901; 7.2852
Deidei 9°06′22″N 7°17′14″E / 9.1061°N 7.2872°E / 9.1061; 7.2872
Kagini 9°07′28″N 7°17′32″E / 9.1245°N 7.2922°E / 9.1245; 7.2922
Gbazango 9°09′13″N 7°18′40″E / 9.1536°N 7.3110°E / 9.1536; 7.3110

Some of the other stations, outside Abuja Municipality, include:


Abuja Metro is West Africa's first and only light rail network. It is 27 kilometers long with 8 stations, connecting the Abuja city center to the airport and also connecting to the federal Abuja-Kaduna line. It began operation with initial 10 diesel passenger coaches while the second phase will see its number raised to 20 electric motor units coaches. On July 12, 2018, The Abuja Light Rail system was commissioned by President Muhammadu Buhari, The Abuja rail mass transit system was designed primarily to move people within and between the satellite towns,the system is designed to integrate with the National Rail Network.

The project was awarded to CCECC Nigeria Limited on May 23, 2007, but work started two years later. The revised contract sum was $823,540,545.87 for the double track rail line. Though the original date of completion was May 28, 2011, the contract was revised again on the August 24, 2014 with the completion date slated for December 31, 2017.

The Lots 1A and 3 comprises 1,435 km gauge, 12 stations, 50 culverts 13 railway bridges, 25 flyover bridges, rolling stock depot comprises 21 buildings, namely: Operation Control Centre, Training Centre, Maintenance Crew Staff quarters, Comprehensive Maintenance building, oil pump room, waste water treatment room, and deep well pump room.The segments, which were inaugurated were Lots 1A and 3, which covers only 45.245 km. This shows that only 16 percent of the rail network has been covered.

The Buhari administration, met the project at 63 percent completion but completed it within 6 months. On the next phase of the project,the Federal Executive Council (FEC) have approved $1.3 billion for the construction of a standard gauge, which would cover 32.54 km from Nnamdi Azikiwe Expressway(Garki Area l) – Gwagwa – Gbazango Station to Kubwa.

FCT Administration has concluded with Exim Bank of China for the supply of coaches, including their maintenance for three years at a cost of $194 million. The coach presently used has the capacity to carry 390 passengers. the Exim Bank of China would fund the supply of coaches and their maintenance with $157 million or 85 per cent, while FCTA would bring in a counterpart fund of $37 million (15 per cent).


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Abuja Light Rail: Buhari Launches, Inspects Airport Terminal". Retrieved 2018-07-12.
  2. ^ Achirga, Abraham (18 July 2018). "Light rail line in Nigeria's capital opens to passengers". Reuters. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Buhari to commission $823.5m Abuja light rail on Thursday". Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  5. ^ Jamilah, Nasir. "Whose 'handiwork' is Kaduna-Abuja rail? Obasanjo or Jonathan?". TheCable. jamilah Nasir. Retrieved January 8, 2018.